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Canada Country Presentation
Transcript of Canada Country Presentation
Our home and native land
The capital of Canada
Major Languages Spoken
French is the mother tongue of about 7.3 million Canadians (22 % of the Canadian population, second to English at 58.4%) according to Census Canada 2011
In 2011, just under 21.5 million Canadians spoke English at home. English is the major language everywhere in Canada except Quebec, and most Canadians (85%) can speak English.
Canada is culturally diverse. This goes back to the 1890s when it began inviting people from all over the world to settle in the country to help it develop and grow. Canadian immigration policy was historically open, welcoming and egalitarian in its philosophy. This has also manifest into the psyche of the nation where people are encouraged and to retain their cultural identities, traditions, languages and customs.
The second largest country in the world
Largest country in the Western Hemisphere.
Longest coastline, 9,984,670 km²
Settlers from France were the first Europeans to settle in the land they called "Acadia".
These people became known as Acadians.
Acadia was the name the French gave to what we now know as Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and parts of New Brunswick, the Gaspé Peninsula and Maine.
Over time, this group of farming people grew into a culture with rich traditions, customs and folklore that was uniquely their own.
When Jacques Cartier first came to the unexplored continent later called North America looking for a short cut to Asia's silks and spices in 1534, he hoped to find gold and precious metals.
He didn't find gold, but he did find riches -- furs. The fur trade became the start of French exploration and settlement in the "new" continent. First came the fur traders themselves, who made money by trading for furs with the Native people. Then came settlers, hoping to claim the land for the king of France.
In 1867, Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick combined to form a dominion with its own government, parliament, and prime minister. Manitoba joined soon after.
In 1931, Canada became an independent nation.
From east to west it stretches almost 4,700 miles (7,560 kilometers) across six time zones.
The Great Lakes
The Great Lakes — Superior, Huron, Michigan, Ontario and Erie — make up the largest body of fresh water on Earth, accounting for one-fifth of the freshwater surface on the planet at 6 quadrillion gallons. The area of all the Great Lakes is 95,160 square miles (246,463 square kilometers).
The Canadian Shield
About half of Canada's area consists of some of the oldest rock in the world.
The Atlantic Ocean
The province of Quebec, the Atlantic Ocean and the New England states border Atlantic Canada.
The Arctic Ocean
The Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut are in the Arctic region. The Arctic is the area north of the tree line or the region where summer temperatures do not rise above 10 degrees Celsius.
The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the world's five ocean
Ice covers most of the ocean surface year-round, causing subfreezing temperatures much of the time. The Arctic is a major source of very cold air that inevitably moves toward the equator.
The Pacific Ocean
Pacific means "peaceful", coming from the Latin "pace" for peace and the Pacific Ocean got its name from the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 who called its waters "mar pacifico" which means peaceful sea.
The Niagara Falls are located on the border of Ontario, Canada and New York, USA.
The 3 waterfalls combine to produce the highest flow rate of any waterfall on earth.
It is illegal (and not very smart) to go over the Niagara Falls.
The Canadian Shield
The most common greeting is the handshake.It should be firm and accompanied by direct eye contact and a sincere smile.
French Canadian friends may greet each other by lightly kissing on the cheeks (once on the left cheek and once on the right).
If invited to someone's home for dinner, take a box of good chocolates, flowers or a bottle of wine.
At the Table
Table manners are generally informal.
The fork is held in the left hand and the knife in the right while eating.
Wait to be shown to your seat.
Do not begin eating until the hostess starts.
Do not rest your elbows on the table.
Some families do not put an emphasis on greetings and salutations, so do not be disappointed if your host family does not show a lot of emotion when you arrive or leave.
Canadians are "big eaters," with meat portions in particular dominating the Canadian meal. There are generally three regular meals in a given day.
Breakfast, often large and important in rural areas, but less so in urban areas, is most often not eaten in a group.
Lunch, at midday, is most often a snack in urban areas, but remains a substantial meal in rural centers.
the final formal meal of the day
the largest meal of the day
It is the meal most often used as a social event or to which invitations to nonfamily members are extended, in contrast with lunch which is often, for adults, shared with coworkers.
Whether pizza or chow mein, cabbage rolls or plum pudding, Canadian cuisine is best characterized as eclectic rather than consistent in content. There are a small number of food items that are considered distinctively Canadian, such as maple syrup, but overall the Canadian diet is drawn from a panoply of ethnic sources.
Poutine n. French-Canadian dish traditionally made of French fries and fresh cheese curds, covered with gravy.
The Canadian Dollar
Canada is the second largest oil reserve holder after Saudi Arabia. The province of Alberta leads in the production of oil and natural gas in Canada.
Canada is the world leader of Hydro Electricity.
Canada is second in sawn softwood production after the USA.
The province of Saskatchewan is the main agricultural province in Canada and grows 45% of Canada's grain such as wheat, canola, flax or rye.