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Transcript of Sex Education
Augy Soto Sex Education Sex Education and the Media Using Protection to Promote Safer Sex Works Cited “A recent study found that American children spend more than 38 h/wk using media (television, videos, music, computers, and video games). Adolescents view television for an average of nearly 17 h/wk and listen to music for several hours per day (usually as background music). On average, children between 9 and 17 years old use the Internet 4 d/wk and spend almost 2 hours online at a time. By the time adolescents graduate from high school, they will have spent 15000 hours watching television, compared with 12000 hours spent in the classroom ” (Pediatrics). Teen Pregnancy Teen Pregnancy is nothing new to the United States, which has the highest birth rate. In the 1950s, there were roughly 440,000 births to women under twenty years old. As the decades went by, the birth rates went up. In the 1960s, teen pregnancy up 594,000 births. It rose again to 657,000 in the 1970s. Teen pregnancy decreased, however, in 2011 to roughly 334,000 births. Pregnancies of all ethnicities, ages 15-19, decreased during the periods of 2008-2011. The state with the lowest number of teen pregnancy was New Hampshire, while the state with highest number of teen pregnancy was Mississippi (Solomon-Fears). The cost to support teen pregnancy is very high. In 2008, the costs was close to $11 billion. California alone, in 2008, spent $1 billion. However, over the course of 1991-2008, California spent $25 billion. ("National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy") AMERICAN ACADEMY OF PEDIATRICS: Sexuality, Contraception, and the Media Committee on Public Education, Pediatrics 2001; 107:1 191-194; doi:10.1542/peds.107.1.191, , <http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/107/1/191.full.html>
"About Teen Pregnancy." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC, 21 Nov 2012. Web. 29 Apr 2013. http://www.cdc.gov/teenpregnancy/aboutteenpreg.htm
"Counting It up:The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing." The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. The National Campaign to Prevent teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, n.d. Web. 29 Apr 2013. http://www.thenationalcampaign.org/costs/#CA
Solomon-Fears, Carmen. “Teenage Pregnancy Prevention: Statistics and Programs.” Congressional Research Service. Congressional Research Service, 15 Apr 2013. WEb. 24 Apr 2013. http://www.fas.org/sgp/misc/RS20201.pdf
"Condom and Safe Sex." YouTube. AliceMedia, 05 Dec. 2009. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
"Make an Appointment Today!" Planned Parenthood of the Pacific Southwest, Inc. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Oswalt, A. (n.d.). Adolescent physical development. Seven Counties Service, Inc. Retrieved Apil 29, 2013
Belsky, J. (2010). Physical development. Experiencing the Lifespan (pp.235-248). New York, NY:Worth Publishers. “In film, television, and music, sexual messages are becoming more explicit in dialogue, lyrics, and behavior. Too often, these messages contain unrealistic, inaccurate, and misleading information that young people accept as fact. Adolescents have ranked the media second only to school sex education programs as a leading source of information about sex”(Pediatrics). The cost to support teen pregnancy is very high. In 2008, the costs was close to $11 billion. California alone, in 2008, spent $1 billion. However, over the course of 1991-2008, California spent $25 billion. ("National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy") Most teen mothers do not get to finish their education. Roughly half of teen mothers received their diploma around the age of 22, while almost all non teen mothers received their diploma after high school. ("About Teen Pregnancy") Other forms of preventing pregnancy, but not STD’s is birth control sources. If an adolescents parent(s) are not okay with their adolescents sexual behavior or the adolescent does not want to tell their parents, they can still go to a clinic and get the sources they need. They can obtain a medical card (not for marijuana) which still can substitute as insurance and will be given at the first visit.
A common sanitary clinic for teens to get referred to is Planned Parenthood. The closest one to visit around this area is at: 3772 Tibbetts St Riverside and the number to make an appointment is (888) 743-7526. http://www.plannedparenthood.org/pacific-southwest/
Any Further Questions, ask your teacher instructing the sexual education course. Social Aspect Having sex during your adolescent years may have a major impact in your social life. not only can having sex affect you but people around you. For most cases teens that do engage in sex have different views from other. Girls tend to have a more harsh response from other girls. But in other cases where large groups are involved, there is chance that other people that aren't suppose to know may find out. When that happens people have different views about that person, for girls, people tend to say, shes “easy” or a “slut” and so on, for guys its more of a rewarding response like “player” or get high fives from other guys. Within tight groups of friends there seems to be a good bond where they keep private matters within themselves. During high school this kind of status can dramatically affect the individual, academics can be affected negatively by having their focus concentrated more on what people are saying about them rather than their studies. And what about your life at home? What if the parents find out. Well that all is determined by each parent's response. Some will act in anger others in disappointment or just give you the “talk”. Whatever the case may be people will be affected by your own decisions. Puberty Girls Symptoms Girls Symptoms- It takes about five years for a girl to fully develop into their mature physical state.
Growth Spurt, Breast Development, vagina lengthens, uterus grows, pubic hair growth, hips widen and menarche. It is a menstrual cycle that comes once a month, in which signifies the possibility of having children.
Some things that can be used are pads, tampons, and some girls may even use birth control to help regulate their period if they have irregular periods. Although normally it takes about a year after your first period for it to be normal, there are some cases however in which it will always be irregular. Boys Symptoms Boys symptoms-Boys may go through puberty a little later than girls. They might not be as noticeable as a girl going through puberty.
Penis growth, testes growth, voice change, change in muscle mass (shoulders and v-shaped waist), facial and pubic hair growth, growth spurt, arms and legs and torso, and they may develop acne.
They may reach their full mature state at about late teens early adulthood. Boys may experience their first ejaculation or wet dream that signifies their first actual interest in sex. Teens and Sexually Transmitted Diseases There are 12 million cases of STDs that occur each year all around the nation. 3 million or 25% are among teens from 13 to 19 years of age. Peer pressure is one of the main reasons why young teens experiment with sex. In high schools, being sexualy active has become the “cool” thing to do. Unfortunately the majority of these teens have not had a proper education on sex and its potential consequences. Common STD's Chlamydia The most common bacterial STD is found in nearly 40 percent of teens having sex outside of marriage. The bacteria is mainly found in teens that 15 to 19 years old. If not treated chlamydia can sterilize both males and females. Herpes This viral infection is also very common in teens. If undiagnosed, it can cause miscarriage or stillbirth during pregnancy. This infection also has no cure. Genital Warts This viral infection is also very common in teens. If undiagnosed, it can cause miscarriage or stillbirth during pregnancy. This infection also has no cure. Possible Ways of Protection Although abstinence is the only method of safe sex that is 100 percent effective, teens need to know of other ways to protect themselves. Going down to the clinic to test be tested with your partner is one way. But using protection such as condoms is highly recommended. Condoms are only 70 to 90 percent effective at preventing pregnancy and transmitted diseases; it is still better to have some protection than none.
23 percent of all 14 year olds and 30 percent of all 15 year olds, have engaged in sexual intercourse. Unfortunetly 1 in every 4 of sexualty active teens will get an STD every year.
There is no such thing as “playing it safe” when it is NOT planned or thought through. Here is a video on how to put a condom on correctly. What is puberty? The onset of emerging to adulthood. When a male and or a female go through a physical, mental and emotional change.
Puberty can be a scary and life changing experience. It is the road to adulthood. What should you feel? What changes should you expect? It is the moment when not only is your body going through all these changes but also you start to feel different. Emotionally you may feel confused, scared, happy, and or overwhelmed. Physically you might notice your taller, skinner and some parts of your bodies growing. It is a normal process.
As we know girls and boys both go through some changes in different areas of their bodies. Self-Esteem and Eating Disorders For both girls and boys puberty is a confusing but yet exciting time. This is the time when they first begin to be interested in sex and be curious as to how it feels. It is a normal feeling and there is nothing to be ashamed about. It is also normal to have questions about growth in certain areas. There may also be dangers as to our physical appearances, but we have to remember we are all our own unique person and there is no such thing as a perfect shape, size, etc. Anorexia 1 in 1000 girls suffer from this. Girls are usually the most who suffer from this although there has been rise in boys. Can potentially be life threatening. Bulimia Another eating disorder that involves binging and then purging. It is harmful to the teeth, mouth, esophagus and gastrointestinal. Both of these are potentially harmful, it is best to look for help if this is happening to you. We need to embrace and be happy with what we have. We are all different and unique! Here is a video about dealing with self-esteem.