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Phalaenopsis Orchid

Basic information about the Phalaneposis Orchid.
by

Marci Dyer

on 27 June 2013

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Transcript of Phalaenopsis Orchid

Phalaenopsis Orchids
Orchidaceae
Phalaenopsis
Common name: Moth Orchid
Photo by: Curtis Dyer at Botanical Gardens Washington D.C.
Member of the Plantae family
Epdendroideae
Places of Observation
United States
Washington D.C.
Botanical Garden
United States
Virginia
Langley Air Force Base
Botanical Gardens in Washington D.C
Observing the Orchids in one of the largest Botanical Gardens in the United States.
Photo of Marci Dyer By: Curtis Dyer in D.C
.
Sun
Leaves and Roots
Photosysthesis/Food Production
Creates Carbon Dioxide

Water is absorbed through roots system
Oxygen is released
Food storage and Production
Leaves
Roots
This type of Orchid has two major structures that can use photosynthesis!
By having roots that can use photosynthesis this helps to eleminate the need for many large leaves. It allow the roots to spread out more. In a natural habitat this would help anchor the Orchids to a place high in tree tops
.
Each Orchid only has about 5 to 6 large leaves.
Phalaenopsis are unique in that in some species, the flowers turn into green leaves after pollination. As in many other plants, the petals of the orchid flowers serve to attract pollinating insects and protect essential organs. Following pollination, petals will usually undergo senescence (i.e. wilt and disintegrate) because it is metabolically expensive to maintain them. In many Phalaenopsis species such as P.violacea, the petals and sepals find new uses following pollination thus escaping programmed cell death. By producing chloroplasts, they turn green, become fleshy and apparently start to photosynthesize, just like leaves
(Johnston, 2007) The labelled image below shows the main parts of the phalaenopsis’ reproductive system. At the centre of the flower is a roughly cylindrical projection called the column. This is actually a continuation of the stem of the flower. This column, (sometimes called the gynandrium), contains the male stamens and female pistil. Covering the end of the column is the anther cap. For fertilization to take place, an insect must alight onto the lip, climb into the throat and up onto the strangely shaped, red-spotted yellow platform beneath the column.
(Johnston, Phalaenopsis Luchia Lady x New Glad)
REPRODUCTION IN ORCHIDS
Phalaenopsis
Monopodial
Seed Production
Germination
Seedlings
Maturation of seedlings into plants
Flowering and Reproduction
Life Cycle
Orchids are found to grow all over the world. However they grow best in Central America and South America, Africa, Madagascar, Asia and New Guinea.
Temp of 59 and 86° Fahrenheit
Habitat
In order to produce these growing conditions in a home or garden you need these things.
Phalaenopsis orchids will do best with bright light, but indirect sunlight. (Note: Any direct sunshine will burn and even scorch the Phalaenopsis orchid plant
Water and humidity. Watered regularly but orchids are capable of surviving without water provided that humidity levels are high
Pests and Diseases
The Phalaenopsis orchid can fall prey to diseases such as mealy bug and pests such as scale insects.

Black honey mold which is usually dull, black and mossy can also build up.

Biotic Interaction
Orchids are seducers. They trick animals into pollinating them and usually give nothing in exchange.
Johnston, B. (2007). A close-up view of a "moth orchid" hybrid. Retrieved from http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/indexmag.html?http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/artnov07/bj-orchid.html
Johnston, B. (Photographer). (2007). Phalaenopsis Luchia Lady x New Glad [Print Photo]. Retrieved from http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/indexmag.html?http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/artnov07/bj-orchid.html
Photo by Marci Dyer
Photo by Marci Dyer
Photo by Marci Dyer
Photo by Marci Dyer
Photo by Marci Dyer
Orchid board . (n.d.). Retrieved from http://search.babylon.com/imageres.php?iu=http://www.orchidboard.com/community/attachments/introductions-break-ice/46539d1278127599-burnt-orchid-seedlings-flask-photo-2010-07-02-21.17.jpg&ir=http://www.orchidboard.com/community/introductions-break-ice/37092-burnt-orchid-seedlings-flask.html&ig=http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQaGYp3nYAp_vPF22c0sMb528GY3mioAyqTNFXf5qj33SS_VkhScxM5eWE&h=480&w=640&q=photos of orchid seedlings&babsrc=NT_ss
("Orchid board ," )
("American orchid society," )
American orchid society. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://search.babylon.com/imageres.php?iu=http://www.aos.org/images/img_content/Education/greenpod.jpg&ir=http://www.aos.org/Default.aspx?id=406&ig=http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTfmiG3WML_ONvCGtnkNKAZlYI6ajf47ss5Gab1Qyh6oAb3iPoaDlKXtw&h=263&w=450&q=orchids producing seeds&babsrc=NT_ss
The Phalaenopsis Orchid is a very pretty flower. It is one of the most common found in house-holds today. Even though it has been found all over the world it very easily adjusts to a persons home. These flowers make my home a pleasent place to be. I hope to one day have a green house full of them to show people.
Marci Dyer

(Johnston, Phalaenopsis Luchia Lady x New Glad)/
(John, 2010)
("Scale insects -," 2005)
(Hoddle)
John. (2010, 10 26). john's garden . Retrieved from http://search.babylon.com/imageres.php?iu=http://johnsgarden.files.wordpress.com/2010/10/mealybugs_02.jpg&ir=http://johnsgarden.wordpress.com/2010/10/26/incoming-tropicals-20100913/&ig=http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQ-7lhfOnY2qA-73aIeEQPXpm6AfuZ9D6mbXWSJHqNDXWeIg-Z5-yiyuko&h=500&w=750&q=mealybugs&babsrc=NT_ss
Scale insects - help and advice. (2005, 10). Retrieved from http://search.babylon.com/imageres.php?iu=http://www.wildaboutbritain.co.uk/gallery/files/4/1/5/1scale.jpg&ir=http://www.wildaboutbritain.co.uk/forums/insects-and-invertebrates/10467-scale-insects-help-and-advice.html&ig=http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS5y5qxzZnT-vsOGsIDisq7Kei11gwmBgezFkP1jEJolB_ybcw9lQ_tikaN&h=800&w=525&q=scale insects&babsrc=NT_ss
Hoddle. (n.d.). Applied biologiacal control research . Retrieved from http://search.babylon.com/imageres.php?iu=http://biocontrol.ucr.edu/images/black_mold_substrate_large.jpg&ir=http://biocontrol.ucr.edu/cottony_cushion_scale_final_biological_control_report.html&ig=http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRwm3f4yM_HVx_n06AuTUYh0QJNaP3x11u47aNgXbhSuS3YGb17L7o5XWbj&h=3000&w=4000&q=black honey mold&babsrc=NT_ss
Orchids a Family of fun
Repotting orchids is fun the best part of having plants is having fun with them.
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