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Edgar Allan Poe

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Paulinerrs Dulang

on 13 November 2014

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Transcript of Edgar Allan Poe

Mr. Poe
January 19, 1809 - October 7, 1849
Life in Baltimore
Edgar Allan Poe Historical Timeline
1800 - 1850 - The Romantic Movement reaches its peak.
Jan. 19, 1809 - Edgar Poe is born in Boston, Massachusetts, to David Poe and Elizabeth Poe. David later abandons the family.

Dec. 8, 1811 - Elizabeth Poe dies in Richmond, Virginia, due to tuberculosis.

Dec. 26, 1811 - The orphaned Edgar is taken into the home of John and Frances Allan of Richmond.

Timeline Continued...
Feb. 14, 1826 - Poe enrolls in the University of Virginia, in Charlottesville.

He returns to Richmond later in the year, and found that his engagement to Elmira Royster was canceled by her parents.

1827 - His first book, “Tamerlane and Other Poems” is published in Boston, and sold about 50 copies. The author is credited as "written by a Bostonian", possibly so John Allan could not find Poe during this time.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Arthur Conan Doyle

Dcotor, Author, Journalist

May 22, 1859

July 7, 1930

Edgar Allan Poe
Poe is an author well known for his literature such as "The Cask of Amontillado " and "The Raven." He lived a sad but interesting life. His life experiences immeasurably influenced his poems and short stories and inspired future writers as well.
Born: Boston, Massachusetts
Died: Baltimore, Maryland

1829 - Frances Allan dies in Richmond. “Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane and Minor Poems” is published in Boston.

1831 - “Poems” is published in New York. Henry Poe also dies this year, possibly due to tuberculosis.

Oct. 1833 - “MS. Found in a Bottle” wins $50 prize.

Sept. 1835 - Poe becomes editor of
Southern Literary Messenger
. He received praise and scorn for his reviews, and also prints several of his own poems.

May 16, 1836 - Poe (aged 27) and his cousin Virginia (aged 13) marry in Richmond, Virginia.

The literary industry is hurt by the Panic of 1837. This is similar to the Depression, but occurred in the 1800s. The lack of international copyright laws also hampered the production of new works.

June 1843 - “The Gold Bug” wins the $100 prize from the
Dollar Newspaper
in Philadelphia.

Nov. 19, 1845 - “Tales” and “The Raven and Other Poems” are published in New York. “The Raven” is one of many works published that uses the theme of the death, specifically the death of a beautiful woman.
Jan. 30, 1847 - Virginia Poe dies of tuberculosis in Fordham, New York.
1848 - Poe's engagement to Sarah Helen Whitman is canceled due to his excessive drinking.

Oct. 7, 1849 - Poe dies in Baltimore in the Washington University Hospital. He was engaged to the widowed Mrs. Royster Shelton, but died before the wedding.

1849 (After Poe’s death) - “Annabel Lee” is published, also using the theme of the death of a beautiful woman. It is the last complete work created, and the woman depicted is most likely Virginia.

1874 -A new edition of collected works is published, including “Tales”, “Eureka”, and other poems.
1910 - Inducted into the Hall of Fame in New York.

Frances Allan
Stephen King
John Allan
University of Virginia, founded by Thomas Jefferson.
· University of Edinburgh
· Hodder place
· Stonyhurst
· Stonyhurst College

Edinburgh, Scotland

Crowborough, United Kingdom

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle

"Tamerlane and Other Poems", published in 1827.
Stephen King was born on September 21st, 1947. King lived a rough childhood having his father leave his family when he was young and moving to in several different houses before staying in Durham, Maine.

"Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane and Minor Poems", published in 1829.
He studied at the University of Maine obtaining a Bachelor of Arts degree in English. After publishing his first novel, Carrie (1973), he gained tremendous amounts of popularity. Throughout his whole career he’s published 55 novels and has sold a total of more than 350 million copies.

Quick Facts
Virginia Eliza Clemm Poe
Although Poe was born in Boston, he considered Baltimore his true home.
A lot of Poe's family was centered in Baltimore. His great grand parents, John and Jane McBride Poe, moved to Baltimore in 1755. They brought along their children, including Poe's father, David Poe.
Timeline Continued...
Timeline Continued...
Timeline Continued...
Timeline Continued...
Timeline Continued...
Images of the bust made of Poe, dedicated on May 20, 1922, twelve years after his induction into the Hall of Fame.
In the year of 1831, Poe moved to Baltimore and lived with his aunt, Maria Clemm and her daughter. Love interests began to spark between Poe and Clemm's daughter, Virginia Eliza Clemm. The two soon wedded and Poe's wife served as his muse.
Sometime during the early 1840s, near 1842, Poe's wife contracted tuberculosis. She later on dies in 1847, which took a tremendous toll on Poe. Her dead body buried in Baltimore, Maryland. Her death was the inspiration to many of Poe's works such as "Annabel Lee" and "The Raven."
August 22, 1920, Waukegan, IL

June 5, 2012, Los Angeles, CA

Los Angeles High School

Movies and TV shows:
Fahrenheit 451

Annabel Lee
-mini analysis
"... Of my darling—my darling—my life and my bride,
In her sepulchre there by the sea—
In her tomb by the sounding sea..."
-Excerpt from "Annabel Lee"
Prometheus Hall of Fame Award

Annabel Lee is a short poem written by Poe. It depicts a beautiful, yet painful memory for the narrator. He is telling the story of the admirable Annabel Lee and how the two were deeply in love. So in love that even the angels in heaven were jealous. Suddenly, a could wind gusted through the air and caused Annabel Lee to become very ill. The poem ends with her tragic death and her being shut in a tomb.
This poem is reflection of Poe's life and his loss love, Virginia. Poe can be considered to the narrator in the poem because they have plenty in common, especially the experience of losing a love one. Annabel Lee can be compared to Virginia due to the fact that they were the dead lovers.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

•Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was a Scottish physician and writer who is most noted for his fictional stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.

Jean Leckie (m. 1907–1930), Louisa Hawkins (m. 1885–1906)

: Sherlock Holmes



•Notable Work:
- Stories of Sherlock Holmes
- The Lost World

- Detective fiction
- Fantasy
- Science fiction
- Historical novels
- Non-fiction

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

•On May 22, 1859, Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh, Scotland.

•In 1890 his novel, A Study in Scarlet, introduced the character of Detective Sherlock Holmes.

•Wrote 60 stories about Sherlock Holmes.

•He also strove to spread his Spiritualism faith through a series of books that were written from 1918 to 1926.

•Lastly died of a heart attack in Crowborough, England on July 7, 1930.
The Difficulty of Escaping
Poe experienced many deaths throughout his lifetime, especially the deaths of those whom he had a close relationship with.
A cholera epidemic struck Baltimore in 1831. At the time, Poe was in Baltimore alongside a few relatives. He witnessed the contagious disease spread like wild fire and notice it quickly took the lives of many civilians.
Cholera is an infectious disease that causes vomiting and extreme liquid-like diarrhea which can lead to dehydration, or in worse cases, death.
Rapid heart rate
Loss of skin elasticity
Muscle cramps
The sum of his close loved ones dying and witnessing a deadly plague spread rapidly motivated him to write "The Masque of Red Death" and "King Pest."
Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury was surrounded by a loving extended family during his early childhood and formative years in Waukegan.
In 1931, at age eleven, young Ray began writing his own stories
The country was going through the Great Depression, and sometimes Bradbury wrote on butcher paper
Bradbury was related to the American Shakespeare scholar Douglas Spaulding
Baltimore is where Poe's writing career took off and developed.
In 1932, one of Bradbury's earliest influences was Edgar Allan Poe. At age twelve, Bradbury began writing traditional horror stories and said he tried to imitate Poe until he was about eighteen. At the time, his favorites were also Edgar Rice Burroughs and Burroughs' John Carter of Mars series, as well as comic books. He listened to the radio show Chandu the Magician, and when the show went off the air every night he would sit and write the entire script from memory.
Ray Bradbury
His second book, Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems was published in Baltimore in 1829. However the book did not receive much praise.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

•Doyle began writing the mystery novel A Tangled Skein, which was later renamed A Study in Scarlet and published in Beeton's Christmas Annual 2 years later. The novel introduced the passionate popular characters Detective Sherlock Holmes and his assistant, Watson, causing recognition to Doyle who he had so wanted. The 60 stories that involved Sherlock Holmes boosted Doyle's writing career to unimaginable heights.

•He participated in the Spiritualist movement from 1887 to 1916, during which time he wrote three books that experts consider largely autobiographical.

Three Books:

•Beyond the City (1893
•The Stark Munro Letters (1895)
•A Duet with an Occasional Chorus (1899)

Writing Career

•Due to the fact of Doyle’s achieving success as a writer, Doyle decided to retire from medicine. Throughout his life, he additionally produced a handful of historical novels:

•Including one about the Napoleonic Era called The Great Shadow in 1892

•And his most famous historical novel, Rodney Stone, in 1896.

In 1928, Doyle's final twelve stories about Sherlock Holmes were published in a compilation entitled The Casebook of Sherlock Holmes.

King has won several awards for his writing such as the Bram Stoker Award, World Fantasy Awards and the British Fantasy Society award. He has contributed vastly to literature and has been rewarded with the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement and the Grand Master Award from the Mystery Writers of America.

One of Kings earliest inspirations was when he uncovered a collection of H.P Lovecraft’s short stories. The book, Lurker in the Shadows, inspired King to begin writing horror novels and short stories. In King's words the book was that of which “the interior dowsing rod responded to”. Another of Kings inspirations came from the death of one of his friends that he had witnessed at a very young age. King makes no direct mention of it in his memoir but some people suggest that the traumatic incident led to some of his darker works.

A Descent into the Maelström
(Published in 1814). The story begins with the old man and the narrator, both nameless, peering over a cliff looking at the ocean. The old man begins to describe what they see, explaining the names of the islands and all that surrounds them. They look at the ocean until the old man spots a whirlpool. He shows the narrator and he looks at the whirlpool in awe. The old man then begins to recount a tale of his youth in which his two brothers and him were caught in a maelstrom. He tells the story and the narrator, intrigued by the old mans story, listens intently.
The story unfolds with the the maelstrom enveloping them and tearing the mast right of the boat taking his younger brother with it, who is presumed dead. Then right when he believes that it is over, his brother points and then he sees the rest of the storm coming their way. The old man had jumped off the boat holding on to a barrel and survived the incident while both his brothers drowned. The story then ends with the Old man telling the author that he “can scarcely expect you to put more faith in it than did the merry fishermen of Lofoden.”

In these two stories the protagonists seem to have several similarities. The similarities begin with the loss of a sibling or siblings and the traumatizing effects experienced after words. In both short stories, 1408 and A Descent into the Maelstrom, both have suffered a loss. Mike Enslin in the form of his brother having died from lung cancer due to his severe smoking habits and the Old Man having lost both his brothers to the whirlpool. Both have lived their lives never forgetting what they lost. In 1408, Enslin always has a cigarette behind his ear but he never smokes it, after having quit because of his brother and The Old Man in A Descent into the Maelstrom remembering everytime he hears or even sees the cursed whirlpools.
Also both characters have been traumatized after the incident in Enslins inability to see the sunsets orange-yellow light, fear of hearing a frightening voice on his phone and sleeping with the lights on so that when he wakes up from his nightmares he will be able to tell where he is. Correspondingly, the Old Man can not even look at the ocean over the cliff without feeling “giddy”. He describes the event to have changed his “hairs from a jetty black to white, to weaken my limbs, and to unstring my nerves, so that I tremble at the least exertion, and am frightened at a shadow.”

Mike Enslin
The setting is somewhat the same. One could argue that the room 1408 in the book 1408 is similar to the maelstrom in A Descent into the Maelstrom. Both places are where the characters suffered the trauma. Both are scared to venture back near it and both have suffered vast physical and mental injuries because of it. Than in both the books the cliff in A Descent into the Maelstrom and the managers office in 1408 are similar as well. Both areas are ones in which one can feel the danger nearby but is safe from it.

The room in 1408 (Top) and the maelstrom in A Descent into the Maelstrom (Bottom)

The themes can be compared in the sense that both are of loss and the dangers of natural phenomena. Both Enslin and the Old man experienced loss in not only themselves but family members as well. Both characters having the vitality sucked out of them from both encounters and having to live with the repercussions is an example of loss. The dangers of natural phenomena can be portrayed in the room, whether haunted or not, and the maelstrom itself having the ability to harm you deeply.
Both authors begin the stories similarly. Mike Enslin and Mr. Olin conversing about the room and everything that has happened to the people that have been in it and The Old man and the narrator discussing the oceans and the sense of giddiness both of them feel. Poe and King start off the stories light humoured and easy to delve into and then suddenly add the suspense and thrill once one is all wrapped up into the book. Before you know it you're hearing the horrifying tales of the Old man being caught in the maelstrom and about Enslins bone chilling night spent in the room. Both of the authors easing into it by have the setting easygoing, such as the managers office and the edge of the cliff, right before they jump into deeper and more fearful areas. Both authors are masters of the “wait for it” thrill.
Personal Life
Doyle met and married his first wife, Louisa Hawkins, in 1885, while still struggling to make it as a writer.

They moved to Upper Wimpole Street and had two children, a daughter and a son.

In 1893, Louisa was diagnosed with tuberculosis. While Louisa was ailing, Doyle developed an affection for a young woman named Jean Leckie.

Louisa then ultimately died of tuberculosis in Doyle's arms, in 1906. The following year, Doyle would remarry to Jean Leckie, with whom he would have two sons and a daughter.
herlock Holmes

It is a fictional detective created by Doyle

Holmes is known for his wise logical reasoning, his ability to adopt almost any disguise and his use of forensic science to solve difficult cases.

Sherlock Holmes symbolizes the system that he comes to protect. He is the man of reason, of science, of technology, and he is from the upper class and was educated at Oxford.
- Doyle kept readers with a constant suspense

- Best known for his novels and stories on Sherlock Holmes
- Themes:
Detective fiction
Science fiction
Historical novels
Cunning and Cleverness
Justice and Judgment

- He wrote sentimental historical romances and the work that he is best remembered for Sherlock Holmes novels and stories.

- Doyle’s has to have sharp observation, deductive reasoning and forensic skills to solve difficult cases in his stories.
His distinctive method strives to stand as a style unique to its own.

-Conan Doyle’s use of metaphor, imagery and analogy frequently appear throughout all of his stories.
He writes with stunning clarity about logic and reasoning.

- Both catch the reader's attention and hold it.

- Both authors enjoy writing short fictional stories about intriguing plots.

- Both authors would give the reader the psychological ride of a lifetime.

- Both entertain their clients and know how to keep making them come back for more.

- Suspension in both of the readers

- Mystery

- Cleverness

Tell Tale Heart: paranoia, suspense, violent
My Friend the Murderer: paranoid, lonely, violent

Tell Tale Heart: Dark, creepy, quite. The old man’s house
My Friend the Murderer: Lonely. In an Australian Prison.

Tell Tale Heart: seemed obsessed, demented, nervous, oversensitive, and given to excessive worrying or strange fixations.
My Friend the Murderer: seemed lonely, frightened, miserable, sour, bitter, selfish

Tell Tale Heart: Insanity versus Rationality, guilt
My Friend the Murderer: depression, betrial
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Form of Writing
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
- Edgar Allan Poe knew how to keep the reader entertained with crazy stories.

- Best-known fiction gothic
- Themes:
Dark Romanticism
Questions of death
Physical signs
The effects of decomposition
The reanimation of the dead

- His work considerers part of the Dark Romanticism Genre

- Poe was an American author, poet, editor, and literary critic. He was believed to be part of the American Romantic Movement. Best acknowledged for his tales of mystery, short stories, and poems.

- The way of his writing reflected his literary concepts, which he called “The Poetic Principles”. He believed the quality of the work should be short and focused on a particular subject. The ending should then cautiously analyze every sentiment and idea.

Edgar Allan Poe’s Form of Writing
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Comparison on Both Authors
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Comparison of Short Stories
1. http://americanliterature.com/author/edgar-allen-poe/bio-books-stories

2. http://www.wisegeek.com/contest/what-influenced-edgar-allan-poes-works.htm

3. http://eapoe.org/geninfo/poechron.htm

4. http://www.egs.edu/library/edgar-allan-poe/biography/

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
By: Donna Musegue
- Poetry Foundation. (N.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2014. From http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/edgar-allan-poe

- Wikipedia. Edgar Allan Poe. (N.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2014. From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edgar_Allan_Poe

- Wikipedia. Arthur Conan Doyle. (N.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2014. From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Conan_Doyle

- Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. (N.d.). Retrieved October 31, 2014. From http://www.sirarthurconandoyle.com

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