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Chapter 3 Early Education In Calamba and Biñan
Transcript of Chapter 3 Early Education In Calamba and Biñan
The hero’s first teacher
Doña Teodora(Jose’s Mother)
-On her lap, Jose learned prayers and the alphabet at the age of three.
-“My Mother” wrote Rizal in his student memoirs,
“taught me how to read and to say haltingly the humble prayers which I raised fervently to God”
Private Tutors of Rizal
Maestro Celestino was Jose’s first private tutor.
Maestro Lucas Padua was the second private tutor.
Maestro Leon Monroy became the hero’s tutor in Spanish and Latin. He was a classmate of Don Francisco(Father of Jose).
After Monroy’s death, the hero’s parents decided to send their gifted son to a private school in Biñan.
First Day in School
Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz – formal teacher
Rizal described Maestro Justiniano as “tall, thin, long-necked, sharp-nosed, with a body slightly bent forward..”
The school was in Maestro Justiniano’s house which was a small nipa hut about 30 meters from the home of Jose’s aunt.
Painting Lessons in Biñan
Old Juancho – freely gave Jose painting lessons.
Jose Rizal and his classmate Jose Guevarra became apprentices of Old Juancho.
First School Brawl
Jose’s learned the art of wrestling from his athletic Tio Manuel.
Pedro (the teacher’s son) – Jose Challenged Pedro to a fight(wrestling).
Andres Salandanan – challenged Jose arm wrestling.
Jose Goes to Biñan
June 1869 – Jose goes to Biñan with Paciano
Carromata – the mode of transportation
Aunt’s house – where Jose lodged
Daily Life in Biñan
Jose led a methodical life in Biñan, almost Spartan in simplicity. This kind of life strengthened his body and soul.
Jose’s daily routine:
Hears mass at 4 a.m. or studies lesson before going to mass
Goes to orchard to look for mabolo to eat
Goes to class at 10 a.m.
Goes back to school at 2 p.m.
Goes home at 5 p.m.
Prays with cousins
Studies lessons, then draws a little
Plays in the street if moon is bright
Best Student in School
Jose surpassed his classmates in Spanish, Latin and other subjects
His older classmates were jealous and squealed to the teacher whenever he had fights
Jose usually received five or six blows while laid out on a bench
(Gomez, Burgos, Zamora)
February 17, 1872 – Fathers Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora were implicated and executed.
The GOMBURZA were leaders of the secularization movement.
Injustice to the Hero’s Mother
In 1872, Doña Teodora was arrested on a malicious charge that she aided his brother Jose Alberto in trying to poison his wife
Jose Alberto planned to divorce his wife because of her infidelity
Jose Alberto’s wife connived with the Spanish lieutenant of the Guardia Civil and filed a case against Rizal’s mother
Antonio Vivencio del Rosario – gobernadorcillo of Calamba, helped the lieutenant arrest Doña Teodora
End of Biñan Schooling
December 17, 1870 – Jose left Biñan
Talim – the steamer that Jose rode
Arturo Camps – a Frenchman and a friend of Don Francisco, he took care of Jose during the trip
50 kilometers – Doña Teodora was made to walk from Calamba to the provincial prison in Santa Cruz
Don Francisco de Marcaida & Don Manuel Mazano – most famous lawyers of Manila, defended Doña Teodora in court
After 2 ½ years – the Royal Audiencia acquitted Doña Teodora
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