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Great Kanto Earthquake
Transcript of Great Kanto Earthquake
Costs were put towards the reconstruction of these schools,
Many teachers/ educators also died Farmers were unable to sell any produce
Other businesses similarly struggled to restablish
Thus agricultural industries couldn't make money and were unable to re-establish their businesses and peronal lives Roads and rivers were made impassable by corpes, fallen trees, fissures, etc.
This consequently forced trading within the region to a hault, as routes were impassable between areas of Kanto and there was nothing to trade There wasn't a significant focus on tourism during the 1920's
Therfore, there wasn't much of an impact on tourism Agriculture & business Education Trade & business Tourism Maps & 'before and after' photographs Where Kanto Region is in Japan Sagami Bay and surroundings Ryounkaku skyscraper, Tokyo Tetonic plates Kanto Region, Japan Social/ Human Impact A total of 142,800 casualties were estimated from this earthquake
99,300 people killed
43,500 people who went missing and were presumed dead
100,000 people injured Levels of typhoid, or typhoid fever remained highly common in Tokyo.
Cities proved to be unsanitary after the earthquake, thus resulting in the highest record of morbidity to be recorded.
Many citizens didn’t have sufficient amounts of food for this period of time and suffered starvation, consequently. 1 billion U.S. dollars in damage cost
Equivalent to almost 13 and a half billion dollars today. 700,000 buildings were completely or partially destroyed in this disaster
3.25 million people homeless Death toll Destruction of buildings Damage costs Disease & health related issues Environmental Impact Water in the region was impurified and make undrinkable from ash and debris
9 million people were without any sources of water Smoke and ash, from fires, polluted the atmostphere
Caused inhalation difficulties for citizens
Damage to Fukushiima Daichi reactors released radiaction into the air
Released radiation into the air causing burns and possible cancer diagnoses to animals and plants Farmlands' soil was exposed to elements that led to the erosion of the earth which made it difficult to re-establish crops for farmers The fires of this earthquake also played part in elimating native animals from their habitats in the region Water quality Air quality Habitats Erosion Relief Efforts A citizen that helped out during and directly after the earthquake was about a man called Taki Yonemurawho
Yonermura was chief engineer of the government wireless station in Iwaki
He soon received signals from a station near Yokohama about the earthquake
And, soon after, dispatched the following message to a Rreceiving station in Hawaii; CONFLAGRATION SUBSEQUENT TO SEVERE EARTHQUAKE AT YOKOHAMA AT NOON TODAY. WHOLE CITY ABLAZE WITH NUMEROUS CASUALTIES. ALL TRAFFIC STOPPED For the 3 days, continued to send reports that informed the world about the disaster that was currently unfolding in Japan. His bulletins futher led to: Government officials discussed the relocation of Japan's capital
Aim was to rebuild Tokyo and Yokohama with modern roads, trains and public services
All in hope that it would help resist future disasters whilst still capturing new urban designs into the city
Moreover, construction of public buildings and refuge spots in Tokyo were done with stricter standards What happened to rebuild the area & minimise furhter disasters - The formation of an internation relief effort, run by the US, that saved thousands from death and misery
- The American Red Cross having raised $12 million for victims through a national relief drive.
- Releif supplies to be sent to Yokohama Habour by US naval vessels On September 1st, 1923, Kanto region was struck by by was Japan's deadliest and most destructive earthquake. The cities of Tokyo and Yokohama were destroyed. Over 140,000 fell victim to this disaster and its fire. The Phillipine plate subducted under Okhotsk plate, which produced a rupture in the Sagami Trench
7.9- 8.3 on the Richter scale
Magnitude= 400 Hiroshima sized bombs
4-10 mintues in length
However, it took only 14 seconds to obliterate the cities 11:58 in the morning
Cooking fires rapidly spread and turned into firestorms, with help from typhoon forced winds
Fires died out on September 3; two days later
A tsunami was produced with waves of up to 13m
Subsequent events include landslides and collapsing mountain side
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