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Trojan War

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Amanda Wilcox

on 27 January 2013

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Transcript of Trojan War

The Trojan War What do historians believe caused the Trojan War? What do myths say caused the Trojan War? How did the Trojan War affect the rest of Greece? What is the effect of the Trojan War on our world today? Legends give us a different, and much more romantic, story of how the Trojan War began. Eris, the goddess of strife, gave a golden apple to Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite, and the prettiest among them was allowed to keep the apple. The three of them started to squabble over who was the prettiest, and Zeus wanted to settle the matter once and for all. He sent them to Paris, who would decide who would get the apple. Aphrodite bribed Paris to give her the apple by promising him Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. Paris promptly took Helen from her husband for his own, and the war started to free Helen from her capture. Ten years of fighting and bloodshed ensued. The Trojan War had a great effect on the remainder of Greece. Fighting went on for ten years, with neither side making much progress. The Greeks were unable to penetrate the wall of Troy and the Trojans were unable to drive them away. Still, vast numbers of people were killed and the economies of Troy and Mycenae suffered due to high war costs. Since everyone was so busy with fighting, little cultural progress was made during that time. Also, even though Mycenae defeated Troy, it was still weak and distracted after such a long war. Mycenaean power declined after the Trojan War and was eventually conquered by the Dorians. It was a hard time in Greek history, and civilization became less advanced. The dark times from 1100 to 800 B.C.E. are compelling evidence to prove the Trojan War's existence. It certainly took Greece a long time to recover from the effects of the Trojan War. Today, people still read and learn about the Trojan War in Homer's Iliad, our greatest source of information on the subject. Since Troy was discovered in the 1870s, people have been able to visit and learn about the historic site. Also, the military today can emulate the tactics of the Greeks. It was the creativity and brainpower of the Greeks that won them the war. The Trojans' army was very strong, but the Greeks' brains were stronger. The Trojan War is a very clear example of how creativity and thought can so decisively defeat physical strength. Amanda Wilcox Fleming 3R How did the Trojan War end? The Greeks ended the Trojan War in a single act of cunning. They pretended to surrender and leave Troy for home, while leaving an enormous wooden horse as a "gift" for the Trojans. However, soldiers were hidden inside the horse, waiting to make their last move. When the Trojans were off-guard, the soldiers burst out of the horse, attacked, and won the Trojan War and control of the Hellespont. Citations the end. Historians believe that the Trojan War began due to economic competition between Troy and Mycenae. Troy controlled the Hellespont, a strait of water that led to the Black Sea, and therefore controlled trade with much of Asia. Mycenae wanted the economic benefits of the Hellespont, and when they tried to seize it, it caused war. "Trojan War." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. "Trojan War." Trojan War. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013. "Mortal Women of the Trojan War." Mortal Women of the Trojan War. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2013.
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