Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

YEMEN

No description
by

Rut Sánchez

on 26 October 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of YEMEN

LOCALIZATION AND
GEOGRAPHIC LIMITS
CLIMATE
REPUBLIC OF YEMEN
555000 square KM, capital Sana'a

More than 100 islands
-Soqattra (Indian Ocean)
-Hunaish,Perim,Kamaran (Red Sea)
Variations depending on the region
-Desert region, flat in south and east + mountains in west and center
-2 main seasons:
Summer and winte
r
-Highlands
: more mild and moderate. Rain from southwest winds.
-
Coast
: very hot, harsh desert climate.
BACKGROUND HISTORY
30 NOVEMBER: INDEPENDENCE DAY
BEFORE INDEPENDENCE
+ 3 thousand years of existence. First kigdoms of Yemen:
Minaean
(1200-650 b.C) ;
Sabaean
(750-115 b.C)

-
S.III
Kigdom of
Himyar.


-Invasions: Ptolemais,
Persians
... never complete control

-
628 a.C
converts to
Islam
(sunni dominance)

-
XV = Ottoman Turks
NORTH AND SOUTH
SOUTH
-S
. XIX
. Port of Aden colonized by
British
, very strategic point. (1839-1967)
-Nationalist groups develop =
Nationalist Liberation Front
(NLF)
-Armed struggle in
1963
, guerrilla war
-Nov 30,
1967
=
People's Republic of Southern Yemen
-Only
communist state
in the arabic world, 1979

NORTH
-Under the power of
Ottoman empire until 1918
(after the
IWW
)
-Then ruled by two powerful Imams (
Zaidi Sect
), country under rule of local imams
-
Death
of influential imam
Ahmad, 1962 = Military coup
for power starts, won by the
revolutionaries in 1969.
-
Yemen Arab Republic
=
Ali Abdullah Saleh,
progressive government with the
General's People Congress


UNIFICATION (after independence)
1990 = REPUBLIC OF YEMEN, new nation
TODAY
AFTER UNIFICATION
DEMOGRAPHY
-
Decline of the South
(civil war + disintegration of the URRS).
-Border wars (1972,1978,1979)
-Process: 80' cooperation starts, 90' leaders met to prepare agreement.

-MAY 22, 1990: Republic of Yemen
.

President:
Ali Abdullah Saleh
, elected by both parliaments
Vicepresident:
Ali Salim al-Bidh
(Yemeni Socialist Party)


-Bad start: supports
Iraq
in
Gulf War
in 1990-91= USA + allies+ neighbors in the Gulf become enemies
-
Civil war, 1994
-
Reunification
= General's People Congress takes power again,
1997

Ali Abdullah Saleh
elected
again
, first
presidential election
(1999)

-After 9/11
= USA carefully watches Yemen.
-
2006, Saleh
reelected.

-North: civil war (rebel/military)
-South: secessionist
-Presence of Al-Qaida, corruption,sources of income wasted, unemployment, discontent...
Population
: 27, 392, 779 (July 2016)
Age structure:

Population growth rate
: 2.37%
Birth rate
: 29.2 births/1,000 population
Death rate
: 6.1 deaths/1,000 population
Infant mortality rate:
47.4 deaths/1,000 live births



Net migration rate
: 0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population

Urbanization:

urban population: 34.6% of total population // rate of urbanization: 4.03% annual rate of change

Major cities
: SANAA (capital) 2.962 million; Aden 882,000

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 65.5 years
male: 63.4 years
female: 67.8 years

Total fertility rate:
3.77 children born/woman

Sanitation facility access:


urban: 92.5% of population
rural: 34.1% of population
total: 53.3% of population

School Life expectancy:
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years

Child labor- children ages 5-14
: total: 1,334,288
percentage: 23%


Ethnic groups:
predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans

Religions:
Muslim 99.1% ( 65% are Sunni and 35% are Shia), other 0.9% (includes Jewish, Hindu, and Christian; many are refugees or temporary foreign residents)

Languages:
Arabic (official)



BIBLIOGRAPHY
https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ym.html
http://www.lonelyplanet.es/destino-asia-yemen-103-historia.html
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-14704951
http://www.studycountry.com/es/guia-paises/YE-history.htm
https://yemen.usembassy.gov/usyemenhis.html
http://www.yementimes.com/en/1629/report/1680/Yemenis-celebrate-Independence-Day-but-what-is-it.htm
Full transcript