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Transcript of The Presidency
The Framers' Plan The Presidency The President's Job Description *Chief of State*
-ceremonial head of government
-symbol of the people *Chief Executive*
-holds executive power
-vested by Constitution *Chief Diplomat*
-main architect of
American foreign policy
-spokesperson to rest of
world The Presidential Succession and The Vice Presidency Presidential Disability The Vice Presidency Vice Presidential Vacancy Vice President Today Vice Presidents Today. - Vice Presidents are given a larger role in the executive branch. - Vice President Dick Cheney was President Ford's White House Chief Staff, a member of the house. *Chief Diplomat*
-main architect of American Foreign Policy - The Vice President is not the "assistant president" *Commander in Chief*
-National Armed Forces Vice Presidential Vacancy *Chief of Party*
-leader of political party of executive branch
-power limit depends on how much of a role in this system - 1967 the 25th amendment did the constitution
deal. - Provision was first implemented in 1973 *Chief Legislature*
-Architect of public policies
-sets shape of congress agenda - Vice Presidency has been vacant 18 times- 9 times by succession, twice by resignation, 7 by death *Chief Citizen*
-representative of all people
-works for and represents the public interest against private interests **Qualifications**
**President's Term** The Election The Electoral College Today: The Constitution provides for the election of the President by the electoral college; Each state has as many electors as it has members of Congress. Choosing Electors: Counting Electoral Votes: The Constitution provides that the date Congress sets for the electors to meet "shall be the same throughout the U.S."
The 12th Amendment provides the electors shall meet in their respective states.
The formal election of the President & Vice President takes place on January 6th.
If the House doesn't choose a President by January 20th, the 20th Amendment provides the new Vice President shall act as the President until a choice is made.
The Senate has only chose a Vice President once in 1837. (Richard M. Johnson) Flaws in the Electoral College: 1. The winner of the popular vote isn't guaranteed the President.
2. Electors are not required to vote in accord with popular vote.
3. Any election might have to be decided in the House of Representatives. The Constitution requires a majority of the states for election in the House;Today; 26 states Electors are chosen by popular vote in every state and on the same day everywhere -- Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November, every 4th year. Proposed Reforms 3 Headings:
1. The District Plan
2. The Proportional Plan
3. The Direct Popular Election The District Plan: Electors would be chosen in each state in the same way as members of Congress.
It would do away with the winner-take-all problem in the system
Strongest Argument: it would not eliminate the possibility of the loser of the popular vote could still win the electoral vote. The Proportional Plan: Each Presidential candidate would receive the same share of a state's electoral vote as he or she received in the state's popular vote.
It would bring an increase in number & vigor of minor parties. The Direct Popular Election: It will keep much of the electoral college system intact, especially its winner-take-all feature.
102 electoral votes awarded automatically, to the winner of the popular vote.
Will do away with the electors themselves. The National Bonus Plan It would do away with the electoral college all together. Electoral College Supporters: Grant the point that the loser of the popular vote has won the presidency 4 times; which has only happened once in the past 116 years.
Present arrangement's strengths
1. Known process
2. Identifies the winner quickly and certainly Presidential Nominations The Role of Conventions -Convention Arrangements
The Constitution says nothing about presidential nominations
No state of statutory law on nominations
National committee makes nomination arrangements, sets, and pick the place/date
Party out of power holds convention first, usually in July; Presidents party is usually in August.
-Appointment of Delegates
Formal invitation tells time and place, party's organization in each state, and how many delegates each state may send.
-delegates based on electoral votes
-Selection of Delegates
2 campaigns for Presidency
-Fall (Republicans vs. Democrats)
-Struggle for convention delegates Congressional Caucus is used to nominate their presidential candidates. Presidential Primaries Choose some or all of a state party's organizations delegates
express a preference among various contenders for their party's Presidential nomination.
History of the Presidential Primary:
-First in the 1900's; reform movement aimed at the boss - dominated convention system
Primaries Today The Constitution and Succession -Scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled.
-If the President dies or resigns the Vice President succeeds to the office. -Originally the constitution didn't provide the succession for the V.P.
-The constitution adopted the 25th amendment in 1967. Presidential Succession Act of 197
-Its term was the speaker of the house and the presidents pro term of the senate are next in line. Presidential Disability -Neither Constitution nor Congress had made any provision for deciding when a president is disabled.
-nearly 180 years the nation played with fate.
President Eisenhower suffered from 3 serious illnesses.
a. heart attack in 1955
b. ileitis in 1956
c. mild stroke in 1957
-James Garfield lingered for 80 days and died from an assassin's bullet in 1881.
-Woodrow Wilson suffered a paralytic stroke in 1919.
-Section 3 and 4 of the 25th Amendment filled the disability gap.
-President become Acting President
-forms congress, unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office.
-Ronald Reagan transferred powers to the presidency to V.P. George H.W. Bush for a period of nearly 8 hours. The Vice Presidency -John Adams the nations 1st V.P.
-45 V.P. followed him
-Importance of the office
-There two formal duties that the V.P. does
a. preside over the senate
b. help decide the question of the Presidents disability
-V.P. who succeeded to the Presidency
-John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester A. Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Gerald R. Ford.
-Balance the Ticket- the presidential candidate picks who will balance the ticket.
-The presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected. *Chief Administrator*
-director of Federal Gov't *Term*
-4 year term
-total of 2 terms for a total of 8 years -Framers against selecting the president Vocab!
-Presidential Electors: electors that cast the Electoral Votes -Electoral Votes:
votes that depend who
will be President and
who will be VP -Electoral College:
group of people chosen
from each state to
formally select P and VP -Feds were led by Adams
by Jefferson(archrival and
-Adams won by 3 votes The 12th Amendment
-Added in 1804 to
elections and the
framework was laid
for the presidential