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Mahatma Gandhi

biography
by

Riddhi Diwan

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi (full name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born on October 2nd , 1869 in Porbandar, India.

He died on January 30th, 1948 (aged 78) in New Delhi, India because someone was against him and shot him. The man who killed him was Nathuram Godse. After a year trial, Godse was finally hanged to death in November 15th, 1949.




Gandhi was a devout Hindu (a religious group of India). Mahatma Gandhi:
A True Hero Who is Mahatma Gandhi? Mahatma Gandhi's funeral in New Delhi, India (1948). Why is Gandhi a hero? For over 200 years, England governed over many countries around the world including India. England was making new laws that Indians were against and was offensive to them.

Gandhi did an amazing deed that changed the whole history of India and some parts of the world. The different countries England was ruling over are highlighted. Gandhi risked his life just to save his country and end the British rule. However, his plan was to do it non-violently such as protests and non-violent speeches.


He tries his hardest to free India but the British had so much power that they easily refused. Here is one of Gandhi's protests to free India. The fellow Indians were on his side and participated in his protests and conversations with the British in hopes for independence. Gandhi successfully accomplished his goal on August 15th, 1947 (which is now India's "Independence Day" and the day the national flag was made)by creating hunger strikes and threatening suicide. He gave the world a great message on non-violence and peace. What was his family and childhood like? Family -Karamchand Gandhi (father). He got married four times. Gandhi was born with his fourth wife. His other three wives died. -Putlibai Gandhi (mother). She was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhi. -Kasturba Monhandas Makhanji Gandhi (wife). She got married to Gandhi in 1882. She was fourteen and Gandhi was thirteen. Their first child was born in 1883 but only survived a few days. -Harilal Gandhi (oldest son). He was born on 1888 and died in 1948 a few months after Gandhi died. -Manilal Gandhi(second oldest son). He was born on October 28th, 1892 and died on April 4th, 1956. -Ramdas Gandhi (second youngest son). He was born on 1896 and died in 1969. -Devdas Gandhi (youngest son). He was born on October 2nd, 1900 and died in 1957. Childhood and Youth Gandhi's family was middle-class and had to work for their money. So, Gandhi didn't have many opportunities. The oldest known picture of Gandhi (age 7). Gandhi didn't have a successful childhood. He wasn't doing too well in school or in sports. He wanted to be successful in his future but he couldn't decide. When he was in high school, he wanted to become a doctor but his parents pushed him to being a lawyer. Mahatma Gandhi's report card of Kathiawad High School in Rajkot, Gujarat. In 1888, a few months after Harilal Gandhi was born, he travelled to England to study law at University College London to train as a barrister. He tried improving his English and eventually developed a new interest in religion. He learned about life and politics.

He returned to India in 1891 after earning a degree and found out his mother, Putlibai Gandhi, died while he was in London. Gandhi's student identification photo in University College London. When he was twenty-four, he accepted a year long contract with an Indian law firm in South Africa. He was so shocked by the racism there is in South Africa. People couldn't stand other people with different cultures. He planned to return to India right after his one year contract ended. Gandhi in South Africa in 1893. What motivated Gandhi to make a difference? When Gandhi was in South Africa, he faced a lot of racism. In fact, he was on a first-class train in South Africa and he was sent to prison for seven years for refusing to give his seat to a European passenger. He realized India and other countries around the world were being treated like he was being treated. He wanted to put an end to it. Gandhi in South African prison. What impact did Gandhi make on the world? People all around the world look up to Gandhi as a hero and as one of the greatest people that ever lived. One of Gandhi's speeches. He had a great quality because he gave the world a great message and risked his life just to help India and make it an independent nation. Many of our modern heroes (such as Terry Fox, Craig Keilburger etc.) look up to Gandhi as an example. How is Gandhi remembered? Gandhi is remembered as a brave, courageous and non-violent man.

People still celebrate his birthday and call it 'International Day of Non-Violence'. This is the official statue to represent 'International Day of Nonviolence' outside UN Headquarters in New York. Gandhi also wrote many famous quotes that people still remember and follow. This is a very famous quote that Gandhi wrote. Gandhi is well known as 'Mahatma Gandhi' because Mahatma means 'great soul'. Gandhi's accomplishment made him a 'great soul'. We all know about Spiderman, Superman and many other heroes. These are all fictional. Mahatma Gandhi is a true hero that did something unforgettable! We all know about Craig Keilburger, Michael. J Fox, Terry Fox, Martin Luther King Jr. and many more people who did amazing things, not only for themselves, but the world as well. Just like a these heroes, there is an unforgettable hero who accomplished an unforgettable deed. That amazing hero is...Mahatma Gandhi. India's first Independence Day on August 15th, 1947. Gandhi's Hunger Strike Gandhi went on many hunger strikes (fasting) for protests against various issues. He did this because he thought it would make the British realize that India wanted to be independent. Fasting was a very honorable thing to do in the Indian culture. Gandhi did it many times but the most notable times were:

- in 1932, Gandhi went on a hunger strike to protest against the government for the plan of making more political parties in India. He thought India would separate even more instead of uniting and uniting was an important part of achieving independence.

-in 1943, Gandhi went on strike during a two-year prison term which was part of the 'Quit India' movement (a protest that was started by Gandhi that launched in August 1942 to demand immediate independence from the British).

-in 1948, Gandhi had his final hunger strike. This happened a year after India gained its independence. The purpose of this hunger strike was to persuade the world to always work toward peace. Gandhi's hunger strike in 1932 in prison.
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