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02 - History of Linux

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Michael Nooner

on 17 January 2014

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Transcript of 02 - History of Linux

History of Linux
Sources:
Wikipeidia
http://www.ragibhasan.com/linux/
Developed in 1969 at AT&T Bell labs
Written in C so fairly portable
At first widely available to universities
1983 UNIX went Commercial
In the beginning there was UNIX
Started 1983 by Richard Stallman
Free as in Freedom
Start of Open Source movement
Very popular licenses
GNU
Social, Ethical, and Political Initiative
Freedom to run the program
Freedom to access the code
Freedom to redistribute the program to anyone
Freedom to improve the software
GNOME
Many Popular Projects
Emacs
Bash
gzip
GNU Compiler Collection
Make
Lilypond
wget
Licensing
GPL
LGPL
GFDL
Written by Andrew S. Tanenbaum in 1987
Included in "Operating Systems: Design and Implementation"
Non-GNU compatible license
MINIX
12,000 Lines of C
kernel
memory manager
file system
Manual
UNIX Compatible
Microkernel
Created in 1991 by Linux Torvalds
DOS dominant on PCs
Uses a Monolithic kernel
Community developed
Linux
From: torvalds@klaava.Helsinki.FI (Linus Benedict Torvalds)
Newsgroups: comp.os.minix
Subject: What would you like to see most in minix?
Summary: small poll for my new operating system
Message-ID: <1991Aug25.205708.9541@klaava.Helsinki.FI>
Date: 25 Aug 91 20:57:08 GMT
Organization: University of Helsinki
Hello everybody out there using minix -
I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and
professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. This has been brewing
since april, and is starting to get ready.I'd like any feedback on
things people like/dislike in minix, as my OS resembles it somewhat
(same physical layout of the file-system(due to practical reasons)
among other things). I've currently ported bash(1.08) and gcc(1.40),and
things seem to work.This implies that I'll get something practical within a
few months, andI'd like to know what features most people would want. Any
suggestions are welcome, but I won't promise I'll implement them :-)
Linus (torvalds@kruuna.helsinki.fi)
PS. Yes - it's free of any minix code, and it has a multi-threaded fs.
It is NOT protable (uses 386 task switching etc), and it probably never
will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that's
all I have :-(.
Linux on the Desktop
Today
Servers
Super Computing
X Window System
gdm
xcalc
xterm
bash
GCC
Coreutils
Kernel
xclipboard
xedit
Display Manager
xdm
kdm
mutter
Kwin
lightdm
xfwm
GNU CLI Tools
GNOME
Xfce
KDE
Unity
Desktop Environment
Widget Tool Kit
GTK+
QT
Window Manager
Modern Linux Environment
Android
Full transcript