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Linux Operating System

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by

Yağız Yiğit ÖLMEZ

on 16 July 2013

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Transcript of Linux Operating System

LINUX OPERATING SYSTEM
Presenters : Furkan UYAR
Ulaş Akdeniz
Yağız Yiğit ÖLMEZ

Outline
Free Software and Open Source
What is GNU?
What is UNIX?
History of Linux
Why Linux is Better?
Desktop Environments
Where Linux is Used?
Linux Servers
Linux vs Microsoft
Problems on Linux
What is Free Software?
- Run
- Copy
The four essential fredoms of users of free software.
Freedom 0
: The program can be run for any purpose.

Freedom 1
: The program can be studied how it works. If it does not work as you wish it can be changed.

Freedom 2
: The program can be distributed to neighbor.

Freedom 3
: The program can be distributed to everyone. By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes.
What is Open Source ?
"The word “open” never refers to freedom."
What is GNU?
GNU =
G
NU's
N
ot
U
NIX
Richard Stallman
(Creator of GNU Project)
Linux or GNU/Linux?
WHAT is UNIX?
Developers of Unix
Ken Thompson(Seated)
Dennis Ritchie (Standing)
Developed in 1969 at BELL Labs
Recoded in C (1973)
Multi-user Operating System
Popular UNIX Like Systems
Linux
Mac OS X
HISTORY of LINUX
-Study
-Change and improve
Linus Torvalds
WHY LINUX?
Protects your computer.
Forget about viruses.
Don't wait years for bugs
to be solved
Be Free!
Don't pay 539 Tl for your
operating system!
Let your old computer have a second life.
Forget about drivers.
DESKTOP ENVIRONMENTS
What is Desktop Environments (DE)?
-Can be used on GNU/Linux
Solaris
Mac Os X
BSD
Microsoft Windows
GNOME (GNU Network Object Model Environment)
-Instead of QT toolkit Gnome uses GIMP toolkit.
Amarok – Media Player
Katapult – Start up Tool
Kdevelop – Development Environment
Kopete – Mail environment
K3b – CD-DVD Burning Tool
Dolphin - File Manager
Gedit – Text Editor
Eye of Gnome – Picture Display Tool
Nautilus-Cd-Burner – CD- DVD Burning Tool
Totem – Media Player
Epiphany – Web Browser
Nautilus - File Manager
KDE (K Desktop Environment)
XFCE (XForms Common Environment)
It's aim is to be fast an low on system resources.It is possible to use maximum 40 Mb of memory with Xfce.Like Gnome 2.x It uses GTK+2 toolkit.
Xfburn - CD-DVD Burning Tool
Xfmedia - Media Player
Midori - Web Browser
Ristoretto - Image Viewer
Thunar - File Manager
LINUX DISTRIBUTIONS
KDE
GNOME
XFCE
Ubuntu
Slackware
Arch Linux
The 3 most popular Linux distributions.
Most simple, most known Linux distribution
Based on Debian
More than 20 million users
Up-to-date
Easy to install a program
SLACKWARE
The most durable but the hardest distribution.
Oldest distributions currently being maintained
Not for beginners
For servers
Minimalism code correctness
Package manager : Pacman
Hard to use
Regular system update
WHERE LINUX is USED?
•PC (Personal Computers)
•Super Computers
•Cell Phones (ex. Android)
•Tablet Computers ( Android, Meego)
•E-book Readers (ex. Kindle)
•Logical Cookers
•Televisions (Sony, Samsung
•ADSL Modems (Airties)
•Apple PowerPC
Where Linux is used all around the world?
Where Linux is used in Turkey?
TT Net, Superonline and Other Internet Service Providers
Ege, Bilgi, YTÜ, İTÜ, ODTÜ and some other universities
Turkish Army Forces
Yapı Kredi Bank
Show TV
Anadolu Sigorta
Pepsi Turkey
Biletix
Member Organizations to Linux Foundation
•Fujitsu
•IBM
•Intel
•NEC
•Oracle
•Qualcomm
•Samsung
•AMD
•China Mobile
CISCOGoogle
HP
Huawei
Motorola
Panasonnic
Sony
Nokia
Siemens
Boeing
General Motors
Toyota
Oracle
EToys
Troll Tech.
Novell
Yahoo
Red Hat
Linux Servers
Rate of Linux Operating System
for Servers
2006 -
8/10
2008 -
5/10
2010 -
6/10
Linux OS are also commonly used as operating systems for supercomputers.

Since November 2010 out of 500 systems, 459 run a Linux Distribution. (91.8%)
Linux vs Microsoft
Windows vs Linux
Ease of Use
Reliability
Price
Linux vs Windows
Software Cost
Hardware
Software
Support
Support
Open Source
Security
Windows vs Linux
Equivalents
of
Some Programs
On Linux

Microsoft Office => Libre Office
Internet Explorer => Firefox
MS Outlook => Thunderbird
Microsoft Media Player => VLC Player
Adobe Photoshop => GIMP
Microsoft Visual Studio => Emacs
Some Problems on Linux
Some Problems
No standard edition
Patchier support for drivers
Hard to Use
Harder to find the answer to a problem
Not suitable for gamers
Thanks For Listening!
Resources
No stable release of GNU yet
GNU is operating system
Like UNIX but not UNIX
First Message
(Creator of Linux)
Any Questions?
http://www.linux.org
http://www.webopedia.com
http://wikipedia.org
http://www.unix.com
http://www.gnu.org
Full transcript