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The Canadian Government

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by

Amrish Desai

on 14 September 2012

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Transcript of The Canadian Government

Canada is a democratic and constitutional monarchy. The sovereign is Queen Elizabeth II, she is the Head of State. The elected Prime Minister, Stephen Harper, is the Head of Government. The Canadian Government consists of the Federal, Municipal, and Provincial and Territorial Governments. The Canadian Government By: Anuja Desai The Three Branches of Government Executive Branch The Executive Branch is the branch that consists of the Cabinet, and the Prime Minister.This branch of the government carries out the government business and laws of Canada. In other words, this branch is in charge of putting all laws of the government in action. What is the Executive Branch? The responsibility of the Executive Branch is to oversee the military, enforce the laws, and determine how the policies of parliament should be carried out. The Executive Branch is also responsible for the day - to - day management of the state. The roles of the Executive Branch include, running the functions of the state, managing the bureaucracy, and deciding how to enforce the law. Another role of this branch is to oversee state ambassadors, manage and determine foreign policy, command the state's armed forces, and determining military policies. What are the roles and responsibilities of the Executive Branch? The Cabinet is a group of high - ranking members of the government. The Cabinet is also a group of advisers who set the federal government's policies and priorities for the whole country. Cabinet members are appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister. Almost the whole Cabinet is selected from the House of Commons. The Cabinet is the Prime Minister's forum for creating consensus among the ministers of the Government. Who is the Cabinet and how does it work? Each member of the Cabinet is responsible for a government department. In the government, the following are the Cabinet's role, secure agreement among ministers on Government priorities, secure agreement on parliamentary actions by the Government, providing a forum for ministerial debate, on issues of general interest. As well as providing adequate information to ministers on decisions for which they will be held responsible, and giving acceptable information to the Prime Minister to carry out his/her responsibilities and leadership role What are the roles and responsibilities of the Cabinet? The Legislative Branch of the government is the part that makes laws. This branch of the government includes the House of Commons, the Senate, and the Governor General. This branch is also called Canada's Parliament. Legislative Branch What is the Legislative Branch? The responsibilities of the Legislative Branch are to create the laws which the Executive Branch enforces. The role of this branch is to debate within the House of Commons. Also, the responsibility of the Legislative Branch is to set the budget for the state, as well as to set domestic policies. Another role of the Legislative Branch is to make laws, and represent the interests and rights of Canada's regions. What are roles and responsibilities of the Legislative Branch? The Senate is also a part of the Legislative Branch. Senators are not elected, they are appointed by the Prime Minister. What is the Senate? The responsibility of the Senate is to represent the interests and rights of Canada’s regions. The Senate's role is to give sober second thoughts – careful reconsideration – to all legislation proposed for Canada, and make sure all voices are heard on the issues. What are the roles and responsibilities of the Senate? The Governor General is the Queen’s representative, and is appointed for a term (3 or 4 years). Also, the Governor General is not elected, but is appointed by the Prime Minister. Judicial Branch What is the Judicial Branch? The Senate is also a part of the Legislative Branch. Senators are not elected, they are appointed by the Prime Minister. The Judicial Branch of the government is the third and final branch. It consists of Canada's courts of law. The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court in Canada. What is the Governor General? What are the roles and responsibilities of the Judicial Branch? The role of the Judicial Branch is to interpret and apply the laws of the state. The responsibility of the Judicial Branch is to hear the cases and resolve the disputes, whether they are between individuals or between individuals and the state. What is the Supreme Court? The Supreme Court is the highest court in Canada. It has the final word on all legal questions in the country, including questions about the rules for making and applying laws . Three Branches of Government Legislative Branch Executive Branch Judicial Branch Each Cabinet member is responsible for a government department. The role of the Cabinet is securing agreement among members on Government priorities, securing agreement on parliamentary actions by the Government, providing a forum for ministerial debate on issues of general interest, and giving adequate information to ministers on decisions for which they will be held responsible, and providing adequate information to the Prime Minister to carry out his/her responsibilities and leadership role
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