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Growth Mindset, Self-Efficacy, and Grit

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Ayers Institute

on 19 February 2017

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Transcript of Growth Mindset, Self-Efficacy, and Grit

Growth Mindset, Self-Efficacy, and Grit
Self-Efficacy and
Locus of Control
Students with
low self-efficacy
, on the other hand, believe they cannot be successful and thus are less likely to make a concerted, extended effort and may consider challenging tasks as threats that are to be avoided. Thus, students with poor self-efficacy have low aspirations which may result in disappointing academic performances becoming part of a self-fulfilling feedback cycle.
Teaching Grit Cultivates Resilience and Perseverance
So what does this mean for your classroom??
The Mindsets

Self-Efficacy and Locus of Control: Definition and Meaning
Dr. Carol Dweck on how the two mindsets influence behavior and achievement
Learning Objectives:
identify key ideas about growth mindset, self-efficacy, and grit theories and their implications for the classroom
apply key ideas about the growth mindset, self-efficacy, and grit theories to student motivation
Self efficacy is commonly defined as the belief in one's capabilities to achieve a goal or an outcome.

Mindsets are beliefs
—beliefs about yourself and your most basic qualities (intelligence, talents, personality).
Mindsets explain:
Why brains and talent don’t bring success
How they (brains and talent) can stand in the way of success
Why praising brains and talent doesn’t foster self-esteem and accomplishment, but jeopardizes them
How teaching a simple idea about the brain raises grades and productivity
What all great CEOs, parents, teachers, athletes know
Information from
Engaging Students with Poverty in Mind
, by Eric Jensen
Carol Dweck, Ph.D.
In a fixed mindset, people believe their basic qualities, like their intelligence or talent, are simply fixed traits. They spend their time documenting their intelligence or talent instead of developing them. They also believe that talent alone creates success—without effort.
In a growth mindset, people believe that their most basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work—brains and talent are just the starting point. This view creates a love of learning and a resilience that is essential for great accomplishment. Virtually all great people have had these qualities.
Motivational and effort-building strategies positively shape students' attitudes about learning, foster a growth mindset, and create mind/body states that are receptive to feedback and further learning. These strategies reinforce students' belief that their cognitive capacity is not fixed and build the capacity to learn even more.
Information from

"A locus of control orientation is a belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control orientation) or on events outside our personal control (external control orientation)." (Zimbardo, 1985)
Questions to think about while you're learning this topic:
What are the characteristics of a growth mindset?
How does a growth mindset benefit all learners?
How does self-efficacy impact students?
What is grit? Why is grit a valuable characteristic for students to develop?
Students with a
strong sense of efficacy
are more likely to challenge themselves with difficult tasks and be intrinsically motivated. These students will put forth a high degree of effort in order to meet their commitments, and attribute failure to things which are in their control, rather than blaming external factors. Self-efficacious students also recover quickly from setbacks, and ultimately are likely to achieve their personal goals.
Grit comprises a suite of traits and behaviors, including:
(knowing where to go and how to get there)
(having a strong will to achieve identified goals)
(avoiding distractions and focusing on the task at hand)
Positive mind-set
(embracing challenge and viewing failure as a learning opportunity)
Researchers have long known that each of these qualities influences student success. But they are still teasing out how the combination of these qualities creates a whole that is greater than the sum of its parts.
Background information from

Grit is a positive, non-cognitive trait based on an individual's passion to achieve a particular long-term goal intertwined with powerful motivation. This perseverance of effort promotes the overcoming of obstacles or challenges that lie within a gritty individual’s path to accomplishment and serves as a driving force in achievement realization.
You want to
develop a growth mindset
with your students. On the first day of class, consider having your students take a mindset test. Talk about their results, have growth mindset discussions often and intertwined within your curriculum.
Teach students how to
set and achieve goals
Discuss failure
and ways to learn from it and move through it. Use examples from your own life; let your students know that you fail and recover.
Make it personal
. Create connections for students, guide them to create their own connections.
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