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Romeo and Juliet Tchaikovsky

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Samantha Seet

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Romeo and Juliet Tchaikovsky

by: Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Romeo and Juliet Why did the composer write this piece of music in this way? Think about where they were from (time and place) and the motivation for writing? Styled as an Overture-Fantasy.

Based on three main strands of the Shakespeare story:
The first strand is the introduction representing the saintly Friar Laurence.
The introduction is chorale-like.
Followed by the love theme.
The English horn represents Romeo, while the flutes represent Juliet.
Two large orchestra hits with cymbal crashes signifies the suicide of the two lovers.
Finally, the battle theme is played.
Ended with the full orchestra belting out a powerful B natural to close the overture.

Took Tchaikovsky nearly 20 years to finish.
There are three versions. Where and when was the first performance of this piece? Romantic music was concerned with fantasy and expression more than structure.
Tchaikovsky was a typical Romantic composer.
Romantic features of this work include:
The themes inspired by Shakespeare’s characters
Imaginative use of a large orchestra
Beautiful lyrical melodies
Contrasting textures, keys and tempo
Creative use of unexpected keys and expanded classical structures. Which instruments were written for in the score? First version: 16th of March, 1870 in Moscow and conducted by Nikolai Rubinstein.

Second version: 17th of February, 1872, in St. Petersburg and conducted by Eduard Napravnik.

Third version: 1st of May, 1886, in Tbilisi, Georgia and conducted by Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov. - Piccolo

- 2 Flutes

- 2 Oboes

- 2 Clarinets (in A)

- Cor Anglais

- 2 Bassoons

- 4 Horns (in F)

- 2 Trumpets (in E)

- 2 Tenor Trombones
- Bass Trombone/Tuba

- Timpani

- Cymbals

- Bass Drum

- Harp

- Violin 1 & 2

- Viola

- Cello/Double Bass What do you like about this piece? Romeo and Juliet is a romantic piece. I like this piece because it is based on a love story “Romeo and Juliet” by Shakespeare. And also because it has many different themes and parts to the song. What historical events influenced this piece? Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare.

Tchaikovsky was deeply inspired by Shakespeare.

Other works based on ‘The Tempest’ and ‘Hamlet’. Why is this piece well known?
Based on the famous Shakespeare play.

Excerpts were used in the 2005 ballet Anna Karenina.

The Overture’s love theme has also been used in many TV shows and movies. Percussion: Brass: Strings: Woodwind: Sound is made by buzzing into the mouthpiece. How did the instruments work/ what were the instruments made of and how was this different to the instruments before and after this piece was written? sound is produced when the bow moves across the string SINGLE READ (clarinet/saxophone) DOUBLE READ (Oboe/bassoon) To make percussion instruments sound, you usually strike them with a stick, mallet, or your hand to make them vibrate.
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