Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Counterterrorism in France

No description
by

Prezi Account MISS

on 9 December 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Counterterrorism in France

Counterterrorism:
The French Experience
right-wing groups
Al-Qaeda
Daesh (13.11)
left-wing groups
Groupe Islamique Combattant Marocain
COUNTERTERRORISM
TERRORISM
FOREWORD:
FRANCE'S CHARACTERISTICS
DEFINITION
ACTORS
OF TERRORISM
COUNTERTERRORISM MODEL:
TERRORISM AS A CRIME
Intelligence
Judiciary
Police
Financial
DGSI
DGSE
UCLAT
FINATER
TRACFIN
Paris High Court
DGPN - SDAT
Gendarmerie - BLAT
2001:
9/11 effects
focus on terrorism financing
reinforcement of police rights
surveillance on electronic communications
separatist groups
religiously
motivated groups
special prosecutors
anti-terrorism judges
Europol
EVALUATION
what worked:
what didn't:
centralized
ex-colonial
secular
responsible for most attacks
most groups ceased terrorist activities in the 2010s
criminal methods
Carried out most lethal attacks
2 waves: 1960s-1980s vs 1990s-present
post-colonial grievances or resentment (Maghreb, West Africa)
integration of immigrants
AQMI
Groupe Islamique Armé
suburbs' youth grievances
Vast presence of criminal organizations in France
trafficking networks internationally connected (Balkans)
various trafficks
Adriana Oboňová, Markéta Pavlíková, Nicolas Pavlovic, Eva Pelikánová, Karel Prášek, Paul Radloff, Ondřej Rosendorf, Emilie Roulet
investigations
instructions
legal actions
intelligence
coordination
intervention
control
INTERNATIONAL
COOPERATION
military
judiciary
financing
law enforcement
political
Source: http://www.lemonde.fr/les-decodeurs/visuel/2015/01/23/l-imbroglio-des-services-francais-de-lutte-contre-le-terrorisme_4562573_4355770.html
(MAY ALLAH CURSE FRANCE)
AQAP (Charlie Hebdo)
(Merah)
(France on its knees)
integration ?
heroin traffick

cannabis and cocaine traffick
proxenetism


human smuggling
Theft, robberies, violent thefts

Car theft and smuggling

tires and engines theft

construction machines theft

metals theft

revenge attacks

money laundering, extorsion,
fake money

weapons traffick

unknown

pre-emptive measures
judiciary-intelligence cooperation
"soft" CT measures (since 2014)
failures of existing system vs absences
Legal instruments
Source: Le Monde, 14.12.2013
suburbs gangs &
organized crime
Vennissieux suburb around Lyon
collect it all
understaffing
international cooperation
late creation of soft measures
Institutional measures
Operational measures
VIGIPIRATE PLAN
Post 9/11 measures
Counterradicalization measures
SOURCES
Before 9/11

National security alert system
Operation Sentinelle
Data collection: specific judicial system, no need for a warrant, practices legalized in July 2015
Searches: extraordinary powers for the police, no need for a warrant in some cases
Coordination and information-sharing: creation of the National Council on Intelligence (CNR) in 2008
No change after 9/11 but changes after the 2012 attacks
New approach similar to Western European standards
New approach similar to Western European standards
Broad online deradicalization measures (websites, hotline)
Efforts in prisons
"You will discover hell and you will die alone, far from home."
After 9/11
EU level
Other structures
Police Working Group on Terrorism (PWGT)
Club de Berne
Groupe de Travail Tripartite (France, Belgium and Germany)
Alliance Base
(2002 - 2009)
Eurojust
Europol
European Arrest Warrant
Interpol
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
G6 Group: France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, UK
Prüm Treaty (2005): France, Benelux, Austria, Germany, Spain
POST 13/11 MEASURES
state of emergency
military strikes
75 weapons seized
118 house arrests
60 people in custody
414 searches (15-16.11)
intensification of strikes in "Opération Chammal"
Other
closing of mosques
suspension of Human Rights (CEDH)
A shift to the war model?
(academic articles & sources from international organizations only - full list available upon request)
Basque Fatherland and Liberty (ETA) (Spain, separatists, Euskadi ta Askatasuna) - Council on Foreign Relations. (n.d.). Retrieved December 9, 2015, from http://www.cfr.org/separatist-terrorism/basque-fatherland-liberty-eta-spain-separatists-euskadi-ta-askatasuna/p9271#p4
Bureš, O. (2011). EU Counterterrorism Policy: A Paper Tiger? (Prague: Metropolitan University).
Eurojust (2013). Eurojust News Issue No. 9 – June 2013 (http://www.eurojust.europa.eu/doclibrary/corporate/newsletter/eurojust%20news%20issue%209%20(june%202013)%20on%20joint%20investigation%20teams/eurojustnews_issue9_2013-06-en.pdf, 5. 12. 2015).
Foley, F. (2009). Reforming Counterterrorism: Institutions and Organizational Routines in Britain and France. Security Studies, 18(3), 435–478. http://doi.org/10.1080/09636410903132920
Gregory, S. (2003). France and the war on terrorism. Terrorism and Political Violence, 15(1), 124–147. http://doi.org/10.1080/09546550312331292987
Hayez, P. (n.d.). France and the fight against terrorism - Terrorism and Political Violence - Volume 4, Issue 4. Retrieved November 21, 2015, from http://www.tandfonline.com.ezproxy.is.cuni.cz/doi/abs/10.1080/09546559208427177
Hellmuth, D. (2015). Countering Jihadi Terrorists and Radicals the French Way. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 38(12), 979–997. http://doi.org/10.1080/1057610X.2015.1076277
Interpol (2015). International Notices system (http://www.interpol.int/en/News-and-media/Publications/Fact-sheets/International-Notices-system/, 5. 12. 205).
Kramer, M., & Center, D. (1990). France and Middle Eastern terrorism. Terrorism and Political Violence, 2(4), 574–580. http://doi.org/10.1080/09546559008427084
Pokalova, E. (2015). Legislative Responses to Terrorism: What Drives States to Adopt New Counterterrorism Legislation? Terrorism and Political Violence, 27(3), 474–496. http://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2013.809339
Rault, C. (n.d.). The French Approach to Counterterrorism | Combating Terrorism Center at West Point. Retrieved November 23, 2015, from https://www.ctc.usma.edu/posts/the-french-approach-to-counterterrorism
Shapiro, J., & Suzan, B. (2003). The French Experience of Counter-terrorism. Survival, 45(1), 67–98. http://doi.org/10.1093/survival/45.1.67
Shaun, G. (2003). France and the war on terrorism. Terrorism and Political Violence 15 (1), p. 124–147.
Trévidic, M. (2013). Terroristes. JC Lattès.
Van Dongen, T. (2010). Mapping counterterrorism: a categorization of policies and the promise of empirically based, systematic comparisons. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 3(2), 227–241. http://doi.org/10.1080/17539150903306170
Wright, M. (2008). Technology and terrorism: How the Internet facilitates radicalization. The Forensic Examiner, 17(4), 14–20.
Zimmermann, D. (2006). The European Union and Post-9/11 Counterterrorism: A Reappraisal. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 29(2), 123–145. http://doi.org/10.1080/10576100500522215
Full transcript