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Badlands Ecosystem

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by

Shawn McGee

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Badlands Ecosystem

Badlands Ecosystem
By: Shawn McGee
Bison
The Bison in the Badlands is one of the Dominant animals. Between the months between June and September that is the majority of activity occurring in the middle of summer. During this time the herds are unpredictable. Bison can reach speeds of up to 35 mph and are more aggressive in the mating season.
Bald Eagle
Another Dominant Animal is the Bald Eagle, it can have a wing span of up to 8 feet. They don't normally nest until they are at least 10-15 feet in the air and 180 feet away from water.
Bighorn Sheep
These animals spend most of there time of steep hills and mountains, so they are protected from prey. The horns on a sheep can weigh almost more then the sheep itself, which is normally up to 30 pounds.
Prairie Dogs
These animals live in burrows and are very common within the Badlands. Most burrows are in colonies, so if you see one there is bound to be dozens. Then since there main food is grasses they never have to roam far to get there food.
Coyote
These animals are known for there ability to survive harsh weather. They didn't have to adapt as much as other animals because they are built to withstand it. Then when they are hungry or thirsty it won't effect them as much since they can easily scavenge the food.
Upright Prairie Cone-flower
This plant is most common in the summer. The Cone-flower has dropping yellow leaves that can be seen from June to September.
Buffalobur
The Buffalobur is also a plant that is most common in the summer time. Its spine is sharp and pointy and discourages herbivores that try and eat it.
Common Milkweed
This plant is very common in the Summer time in the Badlands. Milkweed can be found along the Badlands Loop road in mid-summer.
Yellow Sweet-clover
The Yellow Sweet-Clover can grow up too, 2 to 5 feet. yellow sweet-clover is a native European plant with fragrant yellow blossoms. Yellow sweet-clover blooms throughout the summer.
Field Bindweed
This non-native plant is one of the most widespread weeds in the Badlands.
Overall Vegetation

Climate Influences
The weather in the Badlands can reach temperatures all the way to 116°F to -40°F. This affects how the plants grow and where they grow. Sometimes plants don't make it through
Human Impact on Plants and Animals
Humans have affected both plants and Animals extremely bad by adding missiles and digging deep in the ground. Except some say, not many, if humans never helped the badlands there would hardly be any plant or animal life.

Then humans have effected both animals and plants by making it illegal to hunt and gather them. Many plants and animals there are endangered and humans have tried hard to save them.
Disturbance Events
Some events that have disturbed the biodiversity in the Badlands is when the humans first founded it. Then when they hunted the Bison for there fur very few were left. Then with the heat and weather occurrences the way life goes on is very difficult. Then erosion with the rocks can make life easier for the Bighorn Sheep with prey going towards them.
Available Resources
water resource for the plants and life is not as easy as it was thousands of years ago, but there is a lot of rivers around the badlands that help animals and plants grow. Humans try to protect the water so that it doesn't get trashed or evaporates.

Land characteristics are unusual because over millions of years it has broken down and made mountains and basin's. This has effected the way that animals survive, for example the Bighorn Sheep lives in the mountains and the Prairie dog lives underground.

Air quality isn't perfect like people want it to, because of the haze you can only see half of it. Ozone and particle pollution count for more than half of why it is harder to see. Then the Ozone damages vegetation within the badlands which can be dangerous at certain times.
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