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Historical Events of the Southwestern Region
Transcript of Historical Events of the Southwestern Region
By: Jacob Skenandore
How It Was Formed
It was formed from the the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. This treaty was during the war between United States and Mexico. The treaty created a boundary that separated the United States and Mexico. The United states payed Mexico $15,000,000 for more than 525,000 square miles of land which is now Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, California, and western Colorado.
The Southwestern Region is shown in yellow on the map.
It consists of Texas, Arizona, New Mexico and Oklahoma.
When Did The Southwestern States become States?
All these states were states around the 1900's and the first to become a state was Texas. Texas became a state in 1845, next was Oklahoma in 1907, then New Mexico in 1912, and Arizona also became a state in 1912. During the American Civil War, Texas was the only state fighting in it from the Southwestern Region. Texas was part of the Confederacy side of the war.
The battle that took place in San Antonio, Texas between 200 Texans and the Mexican Army in the year of 1863. The battle was won by the Mexican dictator General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
Presidents From Southwestern States
The only president from the Southwestern Region is President Dwight Eisenhower and he was born in Denison, Texas. He was the 34th president of the United States. There are two vice presidents also from the Southwestern region and both are also from Texas. The first being John N. Garner and the second being Lyndon B. Johnson.
Here's What They Looked Like
John F. Kennedy Assassination
He was killed in Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas on November 22nd, 1963. He was killed in his motorcade on the way to delivering his speech for next years campaign. Sadly, He was shot twice, once in the throat, and then once in the head. It is said the Lee Harvey Oswald was the shooter that killed the president but there is a lot of theories and to this day, no one knows what really happened. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson later became president for the rest of his term till a new president was elected. The assassination of John F. Kennedy stunned many and left others scared of a possible conspiracy with the Russians. He was 46 years old when he died.
Here Is What He Looked Like
Famous People From The Southwestern Region
Some famous people you might know were born right here in the Southwestern Region. Here are a few celebrities from this region: *Texas- Jim Parsons (Big Bang Theory), Jensen Ackles (Supernatural), and Kelly Clarkson (Musical Artist). *Oklahoma- Blake Shelton (Musical Artist), Brad Pit (World War Z), and Dr. Phil McGraw (His own show). *Arizona- Emma Stone (Zombieland), Jordan Sparks (American Idol), and Barbara Eden (I Dream of Jeannie). *New Mexico- Neil Patrick Harris (How I Met Your Mother), Willow Shields (Hunger Games), and Anna Gunn (Seinfeld and Breaking Bad).
Here's Some Pictures of These People
Native American Tribes From The Southwestern Region
There are quite a lot of Native American tribes in this area. They include the Navajo, Mohave, Hopi, Yuma, Pueblo, and the Apache Indian tribes. Most of them come from Arizona and New Mexico. Some tribes spoke their own languages and had their own religious customs. The Native American Tribes in this area were commonly given the name "cliff dwellers" because the tribes mainly lived on cliffs and mountains. These tribes were also know as one of the best farmers for the "three sisters" which are corn, beans and squash.
Who Discovered The Southwestern Region
In the 1500's, the Spanish were curious about the legends of Eldorado and the Seven Golden Cities and went on a trip to find them. They eventually came across Arizona and excavators longed to settle in the unexplored regions. Father Marcos de Niza discovered Arizona and New Mexico around 1535 with the help of Francisco Vasquez de Coronado who was a Spanish conquistador. Alonso Alvarez de Pineda was the discoverer the area of what is now Texas in about 1510- 1519.
So That Is All
*Thanks for watching!
*Hoped you enjoyed it!