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Temperate Deciduous forest

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on 8 October 2013

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Transcript of Temperate Deciduous forest

Temperate Deciduous forest
Biotic factors
Deciduous trees
Birch trees
oak trees
eastern chipmunk
red tailed hawk
least weasle
white-tailed deer
carpet moss
lady fern
common lime
Ferns, lichen, wildflowers, moss and other small plants con be found on the floor of the forest. Shrubs fill in the middle level. Hardwood trees like maple, birch, oak, sweetgum, beach, and magnolia make up the third level.
Conifers like pine, fir, and spruce trees can also be found mixed in with the trees in the biome. Sometimes the taiga and the temperate deciduous forest overlap.
If you ever take a trip to the temperate deciduous forest some recreational attractions you can do are: animal watching, zip lining, hiking, and fishing.
Abiotic factors
There are many animals in the temperate deciduous forest. Animals such as, snowy owls, wood peckers, hawks, raccoons, white-tailed deers, red foxes, frogs, porcupines,salamanders, turtles, and geese.
White-tailed deer- 500,000
Eastern chipmunk- 500,000
Red-tailed hawk- 80,000
Least weasle- 300,000
Coyote- 100,000
White-tailed deer, Eastern chipmunk, deciduous trees, brown bear, and Eastern gray squirrel.
Many of the organisms use the trees as shelter so many of the organisms use the resources underneath the trees like food, water, and possibly soil if they live underground. They live in a specific area of the biome and cooperate well there. The forests were never really threatened by anything until humans came and a deforestation occured.
Temperate deciduous forests can be found in the middle of Europe, and Eastern North America, some areas like Southwest Russia, Japan, Asia, and also Eastern China. Some are located in the middle East coast of Paraguay, Southern Chile, Southeastern Australia, and New Zealand.
The deciduous forest have the average of 30-60 inches of rainfall a year, and the average temperature is 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
What to wear
If you take a trip to the deciduous forest you must pack layers. The temperature changes a lot through out the day so you would need to add or remove clothing accordingly. Things you should pack are a rain jacket, and a pair of shoes. Be sure to take a first aid kit if you go, because you might encounter an animal.
Some of the biggest threats in the deciduous forest are agriculture and development. Some other threats are logging. Most trees are hardwood, which means denser wood, and they may grow more slowly, which means more pressure to cut the trees to maintain volume at the sawmill.
Endangered Species
There are many endangered species in the temperate forest. Some like the blue-spotted salamander, Puerto Rico sharp-skinned hawks, long-eared owls, wood turtles, and Eastern hog-nosed snakes.
The geese migrate South in the winter.
The bald eagle has a bony overhang above its eyes to block the sun and help see food when they are flying.
The Northern copperhead snake can produce venom.
The American black bear, stores fat, hibernates and behaviorally sleeps.
Some examples of competition is the bear and the cougar and they fight over fish, and deer. Another one is the trees. They compete over soil and space. Chipmunks and squirrels fight over acorns and other resources.
If two chipmunks or two squirrels work together to get the food that they need, it is called cooperation.
The plants adapt to the biome in many different ways. the trees can grow large leaves to gain the most possible sunlight they can in the spring and summer. Smaller plant such as ferns and flowers grow in the early spring with long and quick growing leaves. This will allow the plants to gain as much sunlight as possible before the trees leafs grow and block the sun.
The nearby biomes are grasslands, deserts, and taigas.
Adjacent biomes
Points of interest
One point of interest is that if you go here in the fall you will see the leaves change color, and lots of animals scurrying around. Another one is, if you go by all the trees its really pretty and you can relax.
Global Importance
Its important because there are lots of animals that live there and it provides them shelter and food. This biome has more animals in it than any other biome. Deciduous forests are important for earths atmosphere.
Impact on possible climate change
Some things that could happen are the summer precipitation decreasing, the temperature increasing and forest fires increasing because of the decrease of rain, and CO2 increasing.
This can cause animals to lose there homes, and cause plants to decrease.
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