Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Introduction to Psychology

Introduction, History, Contemporary Perspectives, and the Job of a Psychologist
by

Joelie McCrary

on 18 August 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Introduction to Psychology

Introduction to Psychology
What is Psychology?
Psychology

: the
scientific
study of
metal processes
and
human behavior
What's the difference?
Behavior
: an action that
can be observed or measured
Mental Process
: cognitive activities that
cannot be observed

What are the
Goals
of Psychology?
1. Observe
2. Describe
3. Explain
4. Predict
5. Control
How do Psychologists Conduct their Research?
Two Methods
1. Surveys
2. Experimentation
Subjects of Experimentation
Experimentation usually involves animals.
Gorillas, Rats, Pigeons, and Sea Snails
Psychological Theories
Research is organized into theories.
Theories
: statements that
attempt
to explain
why things are the way they are and why they happen the way they do
Theory Inadequacy
When theories are found inadequate
to predict or explain something, they should
then be revised
or discarded.
However, some people feel hungry without contractions
Ex: Psychologists once believed hunger was caused by contractions in the stomach
MODERN PSYCHOLOGY
OF
Structuralism
Wilhelm Wundt
Considered one of the
founders of modern Psychology
1879 he established the
first laboratory
to specifically study the mind and behavior
Attempted to understand the structure of the mind.
Classified thoughts/feelings as:
pleasant/unpleasant
tense/relaxed
excited/depressed
Thus, his ideas were called
Structuralism
.
Functionalism
William James
Father of American Psychology
Believed to have written the
first psychology textbook
.
Focused on with how our thoughts and mental processes help us adapt to our environment
Psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud
Psychoanalysis is a school of thought that focuses on the
unconscious mind and the internal conflicts that influence human behavior
.
Believed that
unconscious sexual and aggressive urges governed conscious behavior and feelings
Behaviorism
John Watson
Was
NOT concerned
with the
unconscious
mind
Felt psychology should be limited to the
observable
Primarily concerned with
behavior
Another Important Behaviorist
B.F. Skinner
Studied Learning
Used laboratory to teach animals complex behaviors with rewards and punishments
Used this to understand the way people learn
1. Biological Perspective
Psychologists who agree with the biological perspective will:
Believe our mental processes (thoughts, dreams, and feelings) can be described and explained by looking at the
brain
.
They will always be looking for a
connection
between
human behavior
and a part, process, or chemical, in the
brain
.
2. Evolutionary Perspective
Darwin's idea "evolution" molds some psychologists views on the mind and behavior.
These psychologists believe
the way we think and act
is a direct result of physical and mental
adaptions our body is undergoing in order to survive
.
3. Cognitive Perspective
Cognitive Psychologists primarily focus on the
mind
.
They are focused on explaining
how our thinking patterns effect our behavior
.
They'll try to investigate the way people perceive the world, the way they learn, and the process of coding and retrieving memories.
4. Humanistic Perspective
These psychologists tend to focus
less on biological based information
and more on the person and their feelings.
Their big focus is on the patients'
potential
and
growth.
The individual and his or her personal experiences are most important. This psychologist will believe that the person is
free to choose new behaviors and work toward being a better person through self-awareness
.
5. Psychodynamic Perspective
As previously mentioned, the ideas of psychoanalysts derive from the idea that
unconscious forces drive our behavior
.
6. Behavioral Perspective
These psychologists believe that the way we think and act is a result of our experiences.
Rewarding experiences
taught us to continue the behavior and
punishing experiences
did the opposite.
IN PSYCHOLOGY
A
Clinical Psychology
Psychiatry
Counseling Psychology
School Psychology
Educational Psychology
Development Psychology
Experimental Psychology
Psychology Professors and Teachers
Other Psychology Fields
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Human Factors Psychology
Community Psychology
Forensic Psychology
Health Psychology
Rehabilitation Psychology
Cross-Cultural Psychology
Speeding Trolley Dilemma
Criminal Minds Behavior Analysts
Presenting a Profile
Concerned with how the structures functioned in everyday life
Developed around the late 1800s early 1900s
Developed in the early 1900s
Behaviors and who we are is
learned
from our
experiences
Seven Perspectives of Psychology
Since some parts of psychology are still not completely understood...
Today many psychologists tend to associate themselves with others that have the same ideas as they do.
In modern psychology, there are about 7 different perspectives (approaches).
...or based on our innate desire to reproduce and pass on our genes.
They ask questions like...
What
repressed

memories
might be causing this behavior?
They are not concerned with the unconscious but rather observable behaviors.
We are a product of what we were
taught
.
We
learned
to behave the way we do.
7. Social-Cultural Perspective
A psychologist from this perspective is believes
culture
and
society
plays the biggest role in the shaping of our thoughts and behaviors.
But
People
cc
Full transcript