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Transcript of Academic Presentation
II. Main Part
An Overview to Show You How
IV. Q & A
is as important as your beginning
why your topic is relevant/important for your audience.
the structure of your talk
Say how long the talk will be.
Say when you will answer questions.
Say whether there are handouts.
OK, so that’s the background and the reason we developed the program. Any questions? OK. So, let’s move on to the next point and take a closer look at the Traffic Support Center itself. As I said earlier, the TSC was set up in 2001 to help traffic flow more smoothly, and basically to make the lives of motorists easier. In this part of my presentation, I’d like to tell you about the center’s activities, how we work exactly and how motorists benefit from our services.
So, let me give you a brief overview of the TSC’s activities. Our main activities are to collect, analyze, and communicate traffic information. After collecting traffic data from a number of different sources, we analyze them and then we inform the media, the police, or other authorities, and – last but not least – the motorists. (…) So much for the overview.
This now leads us to my next point. How does the TSC collect data? Traffic-monitoring equipment has been installed across the main traffic routes, which helps us gather real-time information on traffic speed and traffic flow. Additionally, we use variable traffic sensors and cameras. We also work together with other partners and authorities, for example the police, traffic officers, and the media. Let me show you a few examples of how this works. (…) This brings me to the end of my second point.
1. Briefly state your topic and objective(s) again.
Let’s now turn to the next issue. How do we communicate information to motorists? We do this in a number of ways: by using electronic road signs, the Internet and radio, and state-of-the-art telephone technology. (…) So that's how we communicate with motorists.
Let me now come back to what I said earlier. The TSC wants to make the lives of motorists easier. So, in what ways does the motorist benefit? Well, … first: through real-time information about the traffic situation. Second, through better advice about alternative routes. Third, through safer roads and less driver stress.
2. Signal the beginning of each part + Topic
3. Signal the end of each part.
4. Highlight the main points
Summarize the main ideas
SIGNPOSTING used in MAIN PART
Saying what is coming
1. In this part of my presentation, I’d like to tell you about...
2. So, let me give you a brief overview
Moving on to the next point
1. This leads directly to the next part of my talk.
2. This now leads us to my next point.
3. Let’s move on to the next point
4. Let’s now turn to the next issue.
Indicating the end of a section
1. This brings me to the end of my second point.
2. So much for...
3. So that’s the background...
1. As I mentioned before,
2. As I said earlier, ...
3. Let’s go back to what we’ve discussing earlier.
4. Let me now come back to what I said earlier.
Summarizing a point
1. I’d like to sum up the main points.
2. Let me briefly summarize what I’ve said so far.
You can use these when:
someone asks aggressive questions.
you need more time to think.
you don't quite understand the question.
Say it when:
the question will be dealt with later.
the quesiton is irrelevant.
Say so when:
you don't know the answer
Offer to find out or name a person who can answer the question.
Say so when:
you want to remind the audience where you were before the interruption.
V. Making PPT
Say it when:
it's a wrong time
by Vanessa Tu
@ National Cheng-kung University
2016 - Academic Presentaiton
(See handout p.5)