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Carthage: The First Genocide

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Janessa Halls

on 4 June 2015

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Transcript of Carthage: The First Genocide

Rome
Carthage
Current International Laws
Time Period
Third Punic war , 149-146 BCE
Conflict between Rome and Carthage - 246- 146 BCE
The Genocide of Carthage
The Roman Ultra-nationalist
Cato the Elder

After the Third Punic War
Third Punic War Battle Strategies
Carthage: The First Genocide
Nationalism
-
Loyalty or devotion to a nation a promotion of beliefs.



Ultra-nationalism
-
Extreme
nationalism with the belief that ones nation is above all other nations.
What Is Ultra-nationalism and Genocide?
Genocide
-"A coordinated plan of different actions aiming at the destruction of the life of nation groups, with the aim of annihilation of the groups themselves." - Raphael Lemkin
Deliberate destruction
of a racial, cultural, or political group
Situation
Rome
declared war on Carthage
three
times (called the
Punic wars
), which took over a hundred years to fight that resulted in the
intended and complete destruction of Carthage
.
Throughout the Punic wars Carthage lost many resources while Rome gained lots of power and resources.
All About Rome (Before 264 BCE)
While Carthage was a super power
Rome was an unimportant state in Italy
.
Nationalistic Roman powers began to grow and with that the imperialistic
Roman republic
was born.
Once Rome had spread its powerful empire over Italy and had confidence in battle strategy, the leaders felt they could take Carthage to
gain more resources
and trade routes.
Rome During the Third Punic War
Rome had tons of
power
in the
Mediterranean sea
.
Rome had very ultra-nationalistic leaders such as
Cato the Elder
& the battle commander
Scipio Aemilianus

Roman leaders believed that Carthage needed to be destroyed so that Carthage can not come back into power.
Marcus Porclus Cato
- He is Roman statesman
- Cato came into power because he was a brave soldier(in the second Punic war), the Roman government needed his counsel.
- He strongly believed that the Roman republic
deserved more power than Carthage
- To the point that Cato advised the government that Carthage needed to be destroyed.

Cato concluded every speech with three Greek words (four English words):
"Carthage must be destroyed!"
All About Carthage (before 264 BCE)
Carthaginian republic
was that biggest
super power
around the Mediterranean sea at that time in history.
They had a very
powerful navy
and control over
territory
around the sea.
The city of Carthage was extremely wealthy because of control over the Mediterranean
trade routes
.
Carthage During the third Punic Wars
The trading routes and huge pieces of territory were taken by Rome and Carthage
lost all their wealth
.
The
navy was demolished
after the first two Punic wars.
The people of Carthage were starving during the war because
no resources were available
.
Carthage's war strategies where to make as many
weapons
as possible and plan to have men fight while they were quarantined in the city. - By using that strategy, Carthage managed to
keep Rome from invading for about two years
.
Once Rome broke through the walls, the b
attle strategy collapsed
, the men fought and women and children hid in buildings that were eventually burned down.
The Romans' war strategies where to invade Carthage, burn down the city (including library and courthouse), kill all men, and have Hansdrubal surrender -Scipio's pre battle words:

"All of you spread fear, flight, and terror in the city of Carthage"
Impact On History
The
United General Assembly
approved the "Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide" on December 9th 1948. All countries associated are now involved in the
prevention
and punishment of all actions of genocide.
"The Roman statute of international Criminal court" this law specifically applies to the serious
attacks on human dignity
or any form of humiliation. This law covers a huge range of scenarios such as murder, punishment, racial or religious aggression.
Roman battle commander: Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus Africanus Numantinus (younger) -
Scipio
Carthage battle commander: Hasdrubal the Boetharch -
Hasdrubal
The city of Carthage was
completely destroyed
- all documents, houses, naval dock, and important buildings destroyed.

All men
were killed and
50,000
women and children were sold into
slavery
.
Hasdrubal
surrendered
to Scipio, brought to Rome as prisoner, and was later allowed to live in peace.
The Carthaginian Republic was destroyed, and all territory was in Rome's control. Then was named the
Roman province of Africa
.
Later, Carthage was rebuilt as a Roman city.
The largest impact on history was when the Carthaginian library was burned down,
all documents were also burned
- so there is no history written from the
Carthaginian perspective
- it is all written from a Roman perspective.
Being the first recorded genocide, it was also
meant to be last
- the rest of the world was supposed to see that genocide is not the answer
Because the Carthaginian culture was destroyed and this genocide did not prevent future genocides, this event shows how
immoral
and
ineffective
the genocide of Carthage was.
Bibliography
http://www.forumromanum.org/history/morey14.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punic_Wars

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocide_Convention
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crimes_against_humanity
http://classroom.synonym.com/genocide-ancient-greece-21578.html
http://www.ancient.eu/article/485/
http://imperialethics.blogspot.ca/2011/02/genocide-of-carthage-vs-genocide-of.html
YouTube video: Search:
Carthage: The Roman Holocaust
https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-127009576/cato-the-elder-and-the-destruction-of-carthage
Full transcript