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Transcript of Alcoholics' world
First barley beer @Iran
Wine is an old culturally adaptive mechanism
from latin word
winam = grape
Fermented grape juice
Yeast + sugar = alcohol
First mead (wild honey)
First SOMA (amanita
air microorganisms that eat sugar and produce ethil
Reduces Cardio vascular and coronary Artery desease
Fatigue, stress, pain & sorrow remedy
Lavative and laxant
Decrease alzheimer and dementia
Vomiting & diarrhea
80 - 85 %
Greeks and romans rituals
Phillip II prohibits new vineyard plantings from Spain
France: Lands, corks, bottles and barrels
are regulated and wine starts to be imported
Napoleonic code stated inheritance of vineyards between sons in Europe
Creation of International Wine and Vineyard Organisation for regulating Appellation d'Origine
Indication Géographic reconue and Appellation d'Origine reconue are created for protecting independent brands
10 - 20 %
Salt & sugar
.1 - 1 %
Acid 1 - 10 %
New wine vocabulary
First wine made with grape
Make a time line describing what happened:
+1974 +1976 +1982 +1999 +2000
Chapter 9 (Pp.174-183) E-brary: Business of wine: a global perspective.
Select a wine from
and describe it using these new adjectives
Pairing wine and food
The 6th taste
THE BASIC PRINCIPLE: CONTRAST AND ADAPTATION
Don't use wine to 'wash down' what you eat,
Don't make a soupy blend with wine and food before swallowing.
Eat and drink to lubricate and refresh your palate.
Perfect pairing: rootbeer float
Read: Chapter 8, wine tasting and technology
Clerk of the
and the quality of the vineyard controlling the weather effects to give attitude to the stump.
A wine with permanent presence in the mouth.
THE GRAPE IS THE FRUIT OF THE VINE. IT GIVES SOME CHARACTERISTICS TO THE WINE. THE SKIN OF THE GRAPE GIVES FALVOR, COLOR, YELT AND AROMA. THE PULP OF THE GRAPE GIVES SUGAR AND WATER AND THE SEEDS THE TANNINS
CLOUDY, TURBID, UNPLEASANT SMELL, ACID, ASTRINGENT AT THE DEGREE OF DRYING GUMS AND BAD TASTE IN THE MOUTH BECAUSE OF ROTTEN VINTAGE, CARELESS AND HASTY FOSTER OF WINE GRAPE.
Fresh grape juice obtained by pressing, leaking or crushing. It is the juice before fermentation.
A barrel, Cuba, or cask is a wooden container used for aging wine. The barrel oxygenates the wine slowly and gives texture and aroma to soften the taste. They usually have a capacity of 220 liters. If 225 liters is called "Bordeaux barrels."
Revere Wine Complex promotes antioxidant health. Revere Wine Complex is designed to promote antioxidant health by fighting against the effects of free radicals. Important components such as resveratrol, polyphenols and ellagic acid help ensure you receive the natural benefits of grapes, while vitamin C high power provides immune system support.
WINE OF COMPETITION
A wine of long maceration, aged in new wood and concentrated grapes that is more elegant than a classic wine and heavier than a table wine.
Chemical substance made by the skin of the grape, perceived by a sensation of dryness in mouth
Another different practice turns out to be the late harvest, which slows the time of harvest in order to increase the amount of sugar in the grapes.
Types of harvest
National Harvest Festival
Originally from the Mendoza province.
Celebration of the grape into wine.
Alcohol: between 14 º and 23 º (mostly naturally alcohol, although usually usually add wine alcohol).
They come from selected grapes and are specific and peculiar methods of preparation.
Dried or Candy. You can add them naturally sweet wines
With-alcohol-content-between 7° and 8° per volume
wines may have an alcohol content of less than 9 due to the characteristics of the climate
where their strains and-processed,-and prevent that produces-a better maturation, but their degree to be less than 7 °.
It is produced from grapes of suitable varieties that contain, as a result of its special design, carbon dioxide produced endogenously.
Carbon dioxide must come from a second fermentation of the wine added or natural sugars, made in sealed container, and the finished product must have a minimum pressure of 4 atmospheres, measured at 20 º C.
ROSE WINE: It is from red grapes or mixed white and red grapes whose musts fermented without the skins have reached its characteristic color
RED WINE: the must from red grapes with the right development process for disseminating the coloring matter contained in the skin.
Pairing: vegetables and rice
Table wine is the generic name of the most common and light wines, commonly served during meals, unlike other wines that are consumed to accompany or even after the dessert.
WHITE WINE: the musts from white grapes or red grapes with no colored flesh, having been in this case the diffusion musts coloring matter contained in the skins.
Pairing: soup and shell fish
CLARET WINE: the musts obtained from mixing red and white grapes or musts and whose fermentation is partially done in the presence of the skins of red grapes
The label is often the only resource a buyer has for evaluating the wine before purchasing it. Certain information is ordinarily included in the wine label, such as the country of origin, quality, type of wine, alcoholic degree, producer, bottler, or importer.
It is the year of the harvest of the grape. It is useful for selecting the wine in the vintage guides published every year.
Vintage is definitely one of the key in the cycle of winemaking. If the harvest is good, it is very difficult to quit bad wine. Perhaps this is why one of the most ritualized moments of viticulture. The harvest festival is something universal
The manual harvest is ideal for production of high quality wine and sparkling wine.
Mechanical harvest means the most economical process with respect to the manual harvest, due to less effort of farmers for the selection of the grapes.
A wine with flavors and aromas that gradually include more aromatic groups increase.
ABC of Wine
The pronounced diversity in South Africa's vineyard and wine landscapes is considered an asset, and zonation and demarcation of areas of origin are rated highly important by the industry.
In 1973, the introduction of the wine of origin (WO) divided the vineyards of South Africa in several official regions, districts, areas and farms ("estates"). The main growing areas of South Africa are located southwest of Cape Town. Further north there are several isolated areas along the Orange River.
The Cape Doctor
This legendary - and sometimes ferocious - southeasterly wind blows across the southwestern Cape during the spring and summer months. Living up to its name, it inhibits the development of disease in the vineyards. The southeaster has a moderating influence on temperature, lowering it by several degrees. It occasionally brings rain to the most southern vineyards in the coastal zone and more seldom carries moisture to the vineyards beyond the first range of mountains.
South Africa is the ninth wine producer in the world. South African producers are closely following international trends and techniques have been implemented and most advanced wine culture.
United States of America
California is the greatest grape producer
How to plant a vine?
La mayor extensión de hectáreas de viñedo del mundo