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Transcript of Beowulf Intertextuality
Intertextuality Beowulf Weyland the Smith Hálfdan and Áki Thor Andreas Völundarkviða "Deor" Thorsdrapa
(Þórsdrápa) Began as an oral tradition during the
Roman Era Thor is a celebrated
monster slayer Thor is famous for defeating enemies
without utilizing a weapon Written as a poem, Thorsdrapa
(Þórsdrápa) in 1000 AD Thor's final fight with the World
Serpant, Jörmungand, is akin to
Beowulf's last fight Appears on the Ardre image stones
and Frank's Casket Written down in "Deor" and Völundarkviða Weyland is a celebrated goldsmith yet has
cynical connotations for a Christian audience The chainmail that Beowulf wears is called
"Welandes geweorc" Weyland has a place among giants 1270 AD Before 1000 AD 1000 AD Thor's battle with Elli Jacob Sperber, Jun Park, Brian Koh The Acts of Andrew and Matthew in the City of Anthropophagi Before 400 A.D. After 1000 A.D. Andreas 1300 A.D. Hálfdanar saga Brönufóstra Hálfdan and Áki Andreas St. Andrew the Apostle Hálfdan was a prince of Denmark A Celtic saga from Icelandic folklore Swimming contest between Hálfdan and Áki mirrors that of Beowulf and Brecca Hálfdan, like Beowulf, wear a metallic suit and battles aquatic monsters Áki and Unferth Dependable counselors to their respective kings Despise foreign heroes Swimming exploits similar to those of Northmen Cultural Connotations Swimming contests were considered as common practice by Northmen Largely referred to as
"water-wrestling" Display strength, courage,
and endurance Analysis of Swimming
in Beowulf Poet of Beowulf included swimming references because of their universal familiarity However, the poet focuses more on the supernatural swimming ability of Beowulf King Olaf of Norway in Olafs saga Tryggvason Grettir in Grettis saga "Son of the Bear" Folktale the hero's unpromising youth yet excessive strength the loss of a monster's arm in battle the bloodstained path leading to the underworld lair the use of a magic sword the betrayal of the hero by his companions Essential Details accompanied in the "Bear's Son" Group Beowulf Ragnarök The End Death of Beowulf Fall of Old Kingdoms
Death of the People Translated from a fourth century work, The Acts of Andrew and Matthew in the City of Anthropophagi A mission from God to rescue St. Matthew from the Mermedonians, cannibals Parallels that of Beowulf Christ-like figures Similar conclusions with final scenes on a sea-headland looking out over the ocean Ninety parallels of diction and phrases Linguistic Parallels Andreas Beowulf Alison Powell examined the two poems and identified 90 different parallel diction and phrases Examples: Hwæt! We Gardena in geardagum,
þeodcyninga, þrym gefrunon,
hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon.
Oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum, Hwæt! We gefrunan on fyrndagum
twelfe under tunglum tireadige hæleð,
þeodnes þegnas. No hira þrym alæg
camprædenne þonne cumbol hneotan, Both starts with "Listen! We have heard of..." 'surging ocean' (geofon geotende) 'stone adorned' (stræte stanfage) 'the old work of giants' (enta ærgeweorc) 'high and horn-gabled' (heah ond horngeap)