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Integumentary System Disease Project

Rosacea
by

Shahina Mohammed

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Integumentary System Disease Project

Shahina Mohammed What Is Rosacea? Method of Diagnosis Symptoms of Rosacea Description of Rosacea Hot foods or beverages, spicy food, alcohol (triggers), extreme temperature changes, sunlight, stress/anger/embarrassment, exercise, hot baths/saunas, drugs that dilate blood vessels, and some blood pressure medications. Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition which principally affects the face. Rosacea causes facial redness and produces small, red, pus-filled pustules (bumps). Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It is often mistaken for acne or eczema, or some other skin allergy. There is no clinical test for rosacea. The physician reaches a diagnosis after examining the patient's skin, and asking about symptoms and triggers. The presence of enlarged blood vessels will help the physician distinguish it from other skin disorders. The presence of a rash on the scalp or ears usually indicates a different or co-existing diagnosis. Rosacea signs and symptoms are mainly on the face. The main symptoms of rosacea include red or pink patches, visible tiny broken blood vessels, small red bumps, sometimes containing pus, red cysts, and pink or irritated eyes. Cause of Infection ROSACEA Rosacea is considered a chronic (long-term), noncurable skin condition with periodic ups and downs. As opposed to traditional or teenage acne, most adult patients do not "outgrow" rosacea. Rosacea characteristically involves the central region of the face, causing persistent redness or transient flushing over the areas of the face and nose that normally blush -- mainly the forehead, the chin, and the lower half of the nose. It is most commonly seen in people with light skin and particularly in those of English, Irish, and Scottish backgrounds. Rosacea is not directly related to alcohol intake. Rosacea is not considered contagious or infectious. There is no evidence that rosacea can be spread by contact with the skin, sharing towels, or through inhalation. Prevention You can't prevent rosacea, but you can take steps to reduce or control your symptoms long-term.

Continue your treatment plan. Once rosacea improves or clears, you need to continue your maintenance treatment plan as outlined by your doctor. This may mean daily use of topical medications or continuing lifestyle or self-care measures.
Be gentle to your skin. Wash areas daily with a gentle cleanser and use oil-free, water-based skin care products. Avoid using products that contain skin irritants, such as alcohol.
Avoid rosacea triggers, if possible. Find out what triggers, if any, worsen your rosacea and take steps to prevent or avoid them. Extreme temperatures, sun exposure, spicy foods, alcohol and stress can all trigger rosacea. Treatment Though there's no way to eliminate rosacea, effective treatment can relieve signs and symptoms. Most often this requires a combination of prescription treatments and certain lifestyle changes on your part.
Medication
Topical Medications: Medications you apply to your skin once or twice daily may help reduce inflammation and redness. Common topical medications include antibiotics such as Metrocream, Metrogel, Atralin, Renova, and benzoyl peroxide. These topical applications can cause skin irritation, redness, dry skin, and stinging or burning of the skin.
Surgical
Surgery: Some redness and changes often become permanent. In these cases, surgical methods, such as laser surgery and electrosurgery, may reduce the visibility of blood vessels, remove tissue buildup around your nose and generally improve your appearance. Epidemiology The epidemiological data on Rosacea remain fragmentary. Rosacea affects mainly adults around the age of 30 years and classically predominates in females. Recent Estonian and Irish studies suggest that the female predominance may not be as high as previously believed. However, prevalence does increase with age. The prevalence statistics published in Europe and the United States are highly variable, ranging from less than 1% to more than 20% of the adult population; actually, the methods used and the populations studied vary greatly from one study to another; consequently, they cannot be compared.
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