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Religious reform movement
Transcript of Religious reform movement
of the 1800's Anastasia Matyola
Jonathan Abrams -Religious leaders wanted to convert non religious people and “protect” them from their sin.
-About three quarters of Americans attended church at the time, but some religious leaders still believed that religion was on the decline.
-So many religious leaders tried to convert non believers and spread faith. Goals/Objectives During this time period, many religious reforms were started by a “spiritual awakening that swept across the nation”.
Members of these movements emphasized individual responsibility.
In order to seek salvation. Specific reforms such as the great awakening were caused by movements against alcohol, tobacco, and profanity.
These ideas that these things are bad lead people to attend something called “camp meetings” .
These points were further preached at at these meetings and was exemplified through other beliefs (shakers, mormons, transcendentalists and other religions.) Causes Key Figures • Charles Grandison Finney
- Greatest of revival preachers
- Converted over half a million people
- Christian Evangelist
- Opponent of old school Presbyterianism
• Mother Ann lee
-Founder of shaker sect
-Very strict sect where women and men were kept separate and sexual relations were forbidden.
• “Powerful” Peter Cartwright
-Best known Methodist “Circuit Rider”.
-Rode from Tennessee to Illinois converting thousands along the way.
Bringham Young Summary The Religious Reform movement came during the Antebellum Period of the United States in the early to mid 1800's. This time period is commonly referred to as the Second Great Awakening, as the first religious reform which swept the country in the early 1700's was known as the first Great Awakening. During this time, many religions made revivals, or improvements, to their teachings and beliefs. Specifically, American Protestantism was very keen on making these improvements. It was also very common for new sects of religions to come about, including Mormonisn, the Baptist Church and the Methodist Church. - Founding member of Mormonism, or The Church of Jesus Christ of -Latter Day Saints. Successes/ Failures Successes
- Led to inspirational books such as as Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau, as well as the Book of Mormon.
- The mormon religion was a considerable success and is still notably present to this day.
- Women were given slightly more freedom as they were encouraged to pray aloud during services (which is something they didn't normally do).
- After the movement, an awareness about the negatives tobacco, alcohol and profanity came around
- Though the Mormonism grew to this day, other religious sects such as “Shakers” (led by Mother Ann Lee) didn’t grow nearly as much and in fact almost died out to this day. Tactics Using social activism and social reforms such as the abolition, education, temperance and women's rights reforms.
enominations in new york
Traveling frontier preachers known as “Circuit Riders”
Camp meetings, in which many people listened to preachers while they repent sinners. This greatly increased church memberships.
Missionary groups. Key Events
- “Burned-Over” Districts: In Western New York there were many sermons of “hellfire and damnation”
-Feminization of religion: The biggest followers of religious revivalism were actually middle-class women. They offered an active role in “bringing their families back to God” and formed charitable organizations and crusades.
-Transcendentalism: This “religion” with the belief of anti-conformity and inner knowledge was a part of many great writers during this time period. People such as Ralph Waldo Emerson went to write his famous essay about transcendentalism benefits