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Transcript of Revolutionary Literature
1750-1800 Work Cited Timeline 1751- Benjamin Franklin does his kite and key experiment with electricity. Publishes his book, New Experiments and Observations on Electricity. 1754-1763- French and Indian War 1763- Treaty of Paris ends the War 1765- Stamp Act is enacted by British Parliament 1773-Boston Massacre 1774- First Continental Congress 1776, July 4th- Continental Congress adopts The Declaration of Independence 1776- Thomas Paine writes 'Common Sense' 1786- Shay's Rebellion in Massachusetts 1789- George Washington elected president 1798- Congress passes the Alien and Sedition Acts 1775-83- Revolutionary War Philosophical Trends Major Contributors Thomas Paine-
- Common Sense (1776)
- The Crisis (1776-77)
- The Rights of Man (1791-92)
- Age of Reason (1794, 1796)
- Declaration of Independence (1776)
- Notes on the State of Virginia (1781)
- A Summary View of the Rights of British America (1774)
- Experiments in Electricity (1751)
- Poor Richard's Almanac
- The Way of Wealth (1758)
- The Plain Truth (1747)
- Account of Louisiana (1789)
- Debates in the Federal Convention of (1787)
- James Madison: A Biography in HIs Own Words
- Touching the Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) Patrick Henry-
- Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death (1775)
- Shall Liberty or Empire be Sought? (1778)
- Anti-Federalist Papers -Consists mainly of documents written by the founding fathers -Time of reinvention of the country through written or spoken word -some of the literature was written on the battlefront Literary/Stylistic Trends - Used many political pamphlets for pure
information to spread -fancy, ornate styles -meant to persuade -patriotic of a new nation Rationalism-
Style of writing that was meant to persuade
and unite the country under one common thought.
To the point and straightforward. Sometimes written in a witty style. England is the enemy. It also stressed the idea that all men are created equal. Examples of Literature It is in vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace-- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!
Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death Commmon Sense PERHAPS the sentiments contained in the following pages, are not YET sufficiently fashionable to procure them general favor; a long habit of not thinking a thing WRONG, gives it a superficial appearance of being RIGHT, and raises at first a formidable outcry in defence of custom. But the tumult soon subsides. Time makes more converts than reason. Declaration of Independence When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
Newspapers and Magazines helped the common man/reporter get the pubic thoughts spread throughout the public. Mainly classified by essayists pushing freedom, revolution, and reform. -Colonial Newspapers and Magazines telling facts and opinion for the first time Parallelism, anaphora, and many other rhetorical devices commonly used to greaten "impotance" effect. -Most essays/literature/papers/etc. were used to beg for change in government and in everyday life. "Brief Timeline of American Literature and Events." Washington State University - Pullman, Washington. Web. 07 June 2010. <http://www.wsu.edu/~campbelld/amlit/1751t.htm>.
"Great Speeches Collection: Patrick Henry Speech - Liberty or Death!" The History Place. Web. 07 June 2010. <http://www.historyplace.com/speeches/henry.htm>.
"Jefferson & Madison." American Writers. Web. 07 June 2010. <http://www.americanwriters.org/writers/jefferson_madison.asp>.
"Neoclassicism and America 1750-1900 - What Is Neoclassicism?" Web. 08 June 2010. <http://www.neoclassicism.us/Content/WhatIsNeoclassicism>.
"Patrick Henry Writings and Biography." L E X R E X: Rescuing the REPUBLIC - One Heart, and One Mind at a Time. Web. 07 June 2010. <http://www.lexrex.com/bios/phenry.htm>.
"Thomas Paine." Ushistory.org. Web. 07 June 2010. <http://www.ushistory.org/paine/>.
Trent, W.P., J. Erskine, S.P. Sherman, and C. VanDoren, eds. "English Colonial and Amrican Lierature" The Cambridge History of American Literature. Vol. XV. New York, 2009. Part 1. Bartleby.com, 2010. Web. 5 June 2010. <http://www.bartleby.com/225/index.html>.
Any Questions?? Impact of Historical Events on Movement The revolutionary period was defined by the war for which it is named; the American Revolution. Rationalism was key to this time period. A rationalist believed that the true and plain facts must be told and discovered. A rationalist like Benjamin Franklin was a prime example. His experiments with electricity provided not just America, but the world with new knowledge of science. There are several works that do such things such as Poor Richards Almanac and Common Sense. The citizens of the new nation regretted the many lies of Britain. The new nation and new beginnings drove people to experiment and find the truth. The revolution struck into the heart of the American people. The thirteen colonies now lived under the governing of a land across the sea. The pain and anger of the oppressed people reflected in the passion and fight of the words recorded in history. The revolution brought about many writings that now define America itself; most importantly, the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration was not alone in the influential writings of the time. There were many writings and speeches urging the people of the United States to fight the British monarchy. Patrick Henry moved crowds of people with his plea, “give me liberty or give me death!” Liberty was won and the United States now stands as a free land, defined by the words of its fore fathers.
Thomas Paine was born January 29th, 1737 in Thetford, England. After failing out of highschool at age 12 he began to apprentice for his father, which again he failed at. In 1774, after publishing "The Case of the Officers of Excise" he met Benjamin Franklin who helped bring Paine over to Philadelphia, where he went on to publish Common Sense followed by his other words. Thomas Jefferson was born in Virginia in 1743. He studied law at the College of William and Mary. Jefferson became known as a "silent" member of congress because he wrote much more eloquently then he spoke. He wrote the Declaration of Independence. From there he went on to become the minister of France, and then was Vice president, and then became third president of the US. Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston in 1706. Because his father could not pay to send him to school Benjamin went to apprentice at a printing shop for his older brother, James. After the news came out that Benjamin was the author of the "Dogood" letters his brother became jealous and Benjamin escaped to Philadelphia. During the following yearrs he experimented with printing, electricity and politics. He was elected to the 2nd continental congress where he helped in drafting the Declaration of Independence.
James Madison was born in Virginia in 1751. He attended the College of New Jersey and finished in 2 years. In 1776 he helped write the Virginia constitution and was then elected to the Continental Congress. In 1801 Jefferson elected him to be the Secretary of State. Patrick Henry was born in Virginia in 1736. After driving a business into bankruptcy he took the bar exam and passed. He was elected to the House of Burgess where he became an avid member. In 1774 he represented Virginia in the First Continental Congress. In 1776 he was voted as the governor of Virginia. 1759- Quebec surrenders to the British under Wolfe 1758- Jonathan Edwards becomes the president of the College of New Jersey. 1773- Phillis Wheatley writes Poems on Various Subjects 1790- First American Cotton Mill 1791- Washington DC set as the US capital 1789- Constitution becomes effective Neoclassicism- Literature that brought about the revival of old ideas like form, restraint, and reason. Characteristics were simplicity, clarity, and order. It spread from Europe into America in the 1750's in books, printings, and drawings. Became mainstream in literature, politics, and in the arts.