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Technical and Tactical Skills in Sport

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Cirilo Santos

on 8 October 2015

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Transcript of Technical and Tactical Skills in Sport

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary
Diploma in Sport

Learning Objective:
Understand the Technical skills and Tactics demanded by selected sports
Grading Criteria:
P 1 - Explain the technical and tactical demands of three contrasting sports
M 1 - Compare and contrast the technical and tactical demands of three contrasting sports
UNIT 27 TECHNICAL & TACTICAL SKILLS IN SPORT
Technical and Tactical demands of Sport
Assignment 1

Key terms



Motor skills

Cognitive skills

Perceptual skills

Motor Skills -
skills associated with body movement. There are two types:
Gross Motor Skills -
Fine Motor Skills -
involve a low level of expertise and large muscular movements, for example sit-ups, with a low level of coordination needed.
Highly controlled skills like drawing and writing. They are small and precise, take time to perfect and improve over time.
Cognitive Skills
Perceptive Skills
The major activities that transform an input into an output. From this information, an athlete will choose what is relevant and then act.

Examples of perceptual skills include visual memory.

Involve a person considering what they are doing. In sport this applies to tactics, making decisions quickly, planning and selecting how to play.

In team sports, verbal skills are used to encourage and motivate players.

Skill in sport are the movements and actions needed to perform shots, strokes, jumps, throws, etc.

A physical movement has a beginning and an end, but is not always clear.

Skills can be divided into
categories
depending on how clearly the beginning and the end of the movement are defined.

The categories are:

Continuous skills

Discrete skills

Serial skills

Technical Skills
Continuous Skills
This skills has no obvious beginning or end and has regular rhythm.

Examples of technical skills under this heading
Discrete Skills
This is the opposite of a continuous skill and has a clear beginning and end.

It is performed in one clear movement
Serial Skills
Serial skills are made up of discrete and/or continuous skills.

This is a series of skills which follow each other in quick succession in an orderly sequence to become one movement
Swimming - Backstroke
Description:
Feet and legs kick alternately;

Knees are under the water and slightly bent;

Toes just touch the surface of the water;

Elbow is slightly bent and the little fingers enters the water first after the arm passes over;

Elbow bends slightly and passes the thigh and travels straight up ready to repeat the action.
Football - Throw-in
Description:
Secure the ball with both hands, having the index fingers and thumbs as close as possible;
Bring the ball over the head behind the ears with arms loose and elbows bent and out;
Face the pitch;
Feet should be a little more than shoulder-width apart, with one foot in front of the each other;
Bring the head, neck and trunk back, bending at the knees;
Thrust the ball forward and this will result in the whole body going forward. Parts of both feet must remain on the ground at all times;
Release the ball as it just goes past the head.
Football - Dribbling
Description:
Having the ball under control.

To dribble with the ball you need to use both sides of the foot to help you change directions.

Use both feet as well, that makes the dribble easier.

Keep good control of the ball and have it as close to you as you can so its harder to take it of you and run with speed as you do it.

Change direction quickly and keep your head up.
Positioning
Several skills, as verbal skills, can help you be in the right place at the right time.
Choice of strokes and shots
Different types of shots and strokes (i.e. shooting, passing, heading, etc)

Decision making
Tactics

Tactics are the skills required in any game that allows a player or team to effectively use their talent and skill to the best possible advantage.

Tactics are plans which are set up for a specific purpose during a performance or match.

Tactics can be divided into different
aspects
in sports.


Positioning

Choice of shot or strokes

Variation

Conditions

Use of Space
Volleyball
Being ready: this position shows physical and mental alertness, and is essential in Volleyball.

"Ready position" will help you to complete with success other technical skills during the game.
Football
Your team is winning 2-0 and the other team manager just puts another striker in the game.

Your formation is 4-4-2 and you might drop one striker down and play 4-5-1 to defende the result.
Basketball
The choice of shooting in basketball depends on where on the pitch you are.

Make a decision! Two seconds left to finish, and you are with the ball, should you pass or try to score wherever you are?
Tennis
Less skilled players use the straight backswing to hit the ball.

The most common swing used by professionals is the small loop backswing.

If your opponent is at the end of the court why don´t you do a drop shot to win the point?
Variation
Use of different choices in tactics and skills;
Volleyball
The smash is the principal attack shot in Volleyball.

Variations that can be used include hitting the ball off the block and out of court or tipping the ball just over the block.
Basketball
Changes of hand and direction are used to dribble around a defender.

You can switch the ball from one side of your body to the other, moving it from hand to hand.
Conditions
Can be internal and external.



Football
If the pitch is muddy and wet this might affect a

passing game and therefore the manager might

instruct his team to play longer.
Tennis
Conditions can affect technical and tactical demands.

A grass court is quick and the bounced low.

A clay court is very slow, players can slide into their shots and the bounce is high.
Use of space
Developing tactics should accompany technical skills in any sport.

You should think about where and how it is best to complete the technical skill
Badminton
Identify your opponent´s strenghts and weaknesses and try to focus on these by making them hit as many shots as possible in areas they are least comfortable with.

Will affect their rhythm and concentration.
Football
Creating space when in possession;

Pressing and reducing space when out of possession
Internal conditions may depend on Psychological factores like confidence and motivation. Alternatively, you may be coming back from injury or key members of your team may be injured.

External conditions could be the state of the court or pitch.
ASSESSMENT nº 1
Prepare a poster to describe the technical and tactical demands of three sports. (P1)


At the bottom of the poster, include a table to describe the similarities and differences between the skills and tactics of the three sports. (M1)
Requirements P1
A description of at least four skills from three different sports;

A description of at least two tactics from three different sports.
A comparison of the skills used in the three sports (e.g. parts of the body used);

A comparison of skill classification (e.g. continuous, serial, discrete);

A comparison of the tactics used in the three sports.
Requirements M1
Grading Criteria:
P 1 - Explain the technical and tactical demands of three contrasting sports;



M 1 - Compare and contrast the technical and tactical demands of three contrasting sports
30`` TASK!
Choose your two (2) favourite sports:
Right down
one continuous
skill for each
30`` TASK!
From your two (2) favourite sports:
Right down
one discrete
skill for each
30`` TASK!
From your two (2) favourite sports:
Right down
one serial
skill for each
Full transcript