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The Roaring Twenties

1920's Project, Alexis Beamon and Ariel Gorsky. Block 7 M.U.S.H.H
by

Ariel Gorsky

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of The Roaring Twenties

Physical & Geographical Changes in the U.S and Worldwide
Other Interesting Facts
But why?
Introduction
Within this presentation, the Roaring Century will be illuminated.

Starting with....
Stock Market &
Buying on Margin
Economics in the United States
African American
Migration Within the U.S
According to historians, the 1920’s are
best known as the Roaring Century.
World War I had come to a termination,
the economy was bountiful with “dough”,
while various politicians and
gangsters came with corruption, and
numerous extravagant inventions were
created. These well known phenomenons
define the 1920’s.
The

Roaring

Twenties

A 1920’s Prosperity
& Problems Project
Politics in the United States
The 19th Amendment
Politics in the United States
One of the BEST amendments in U.S history
Harding & Coolidge
Administrations
Politics in the United States
"Harding was elected in 1920 promising a return to "normalcy". To achieve better control over the government congress limited immigration, returned to a system of high tariffs, a tax reduction program. Harding died on August, 1923 with terms remaining. Vice president Calvin Coolidge became president. His objective was to restore federal governments finances and return the country's normalcy. He also made debt, tax, and budget reductions. The Coolidge tax program made it so that almost no one had income tax" (Cayton).
Warren G. Harding (Left)
Calvin Coolidge (Right)
Economics in the United States
The trading floor in NY, late 1920's (before the crash)
"The prices started to rise in the stock market. This made more people start to invest.In 1928 a stock market boom began. People would buy stock on the margin when they couldn't afford to pay the full price. They would borrow money that they didn't have from a broker. In March 25, 1928 the stock market suffered a crash" (Cayton).
Economics in the United States
Automobile Industry
& It’s Impact
“People can have the Model T in any color - so long as it’s

-Henry Ford
black."
"Ford, Chrysler, and General Motors were the main producers of cars. The Ford Model-T car made a boom in the car industry. 20% of all americans had cars by 1928. Because of mass production the car was cheap. Things such as garages, restaurants, motels, etc became more popular and new roads were built which employed lots of people" (Cayton).
African Americans in the south were working very hard but were not getting payed enough to pay for their family needs. So the Great migration began. African Americans migrated to the North and west to find higher wages in industrial jobs and better opportunities. Because of labor shortage and demand for industrial goods because of war production and provided africans with jobs in steel, shipbuilding, automotive, ammunition, and meat packing factories.
Physical & Geogra-

phical Changes in the

U.S/ World Wide
Economics in the United States
United
States
Steel
Strike
Workers on strike 1919-1920
Fun Facts
"A person who refuses to strike or join a trade union or who takes the place of a striking worker for less pay (oxforddictionarie)."
scab?
What does it mean
to be called a
In other words...
SCABS are not
popular nor
thought fondly of.
In a polite way of saying it
Social Life in The United States
Social
in the United States
Silent Films & "Talkies"
Jazz music and bands were
extremely popular in 1920's.
The flapper girl style was
in fashion in the 1920's.
Poster of a popular silent film made in 1921
Jazz
Age

"Ain't Misbehavin'"
-Louis Armstrong
Originally sung by Fats Waller
Click play to listen
to the jazz music
Social Life in The United States
Prohibition and the 18th Amendment
Alcoholic beverages
"The last call" to get alcoholic beverages
before Prohibition takes place.
The Volstead Act of 1919
provided a system to enforce
the 18th amendment.
Physical & Geographical Changes
in the U.S and Worldwide
Technological Advances
Radio Media and Advertisements
Scientific Impact on the United States
Scientific Impact on the United States
Cigaret advertisement from 1920's.
Radio to the people in the 1920's, was like television to us currently. The radio provided the audience with music, stories, serials, advertisements, educational purposes, sports, comedy and much more.
Scientific

Impact on

the United

States
International Relations
Good Neighbor Policy
International Relations
International Relations
National Origins
Immigration Act
By: Ariel Gorsky & Alexis Beamon
Decline of Agri-
culture in U.S
Sinclair Lewis was
the first American to
win a Nobel
Prize for Literature
"Ford Model-T cars get
better gas mileage than
most of the cars on the
road today" (Gitlin ).
“George Gallup took
the first known poll in
history when... in
the early 1920’s, he
conducted a survey to
find the prettiest girl
on campus” (Voorhees).
"Prohibition of all alcoholic
beverages became the law of
the land when the 18th
amendment to the constitution
January 16, 1920
took effect on " (Cayton).
Organized crime
(corrupt politicians, police
officers and gangsters ie. Al Capone
, Enoch
"Nucky" Johnson
and Joseph F. Kennedy Sr.)
Moonshine
(homemade alcoholic beverages)
Fall of Anglo-Saxon movement
The results of Prohibition lead to:
Which Groups Wanted Prohibition?
Woman's Christian Temperance Union
&
Anti-Saloon League
The Main Goals of Prohibition:
"
1)
Eliminate drunkenness and the resulting abuse of family members and others.
2)
Get rid of saloons, where prostitution, gambling and other forms of vice thrived.
3)
Prevent absenteeism and on-the-job accidents stemming from drunkenness" (Cayton 699).
"An expression of the times, of the breathless, energetic, super active times in which we are living."
-Leopold Stokowski
Jazz originated from the African American music in the South, like blues and ragtime music.
Soon everyone started listening to jazz music!
"In the 1920's a poll was made that 2/3 of radio air time was devoted to jazz" (Cayton).
Some people believed it was the "devils music"
A district in Manhattan called
Harlem, had 500+ jazz clubs.
Along with jazz music, it brought flappers. Younger woman who danced with shorter dresses and fancy headpieces.
Ever heard of the dance Charleston?
It came from the 1920's a song called, "The Charleston," by James P. Johnson in the Broadway musical Runnin' Wild in 1923.
"Films really blossomed in the 1920s... By the mid-20s, movies were big business with a capital investment totaling over $2 billion" (Dirks).
Social Life in The United States
Some
of the
most
famous movies
stars from this era were:
Charlie Chaplin, Harold Lloyd, Gloria Swanson,
Tom Mix, Rudolph Valentino, Douglas
Fairbanks Sr., Colleen Moore,
Norma Shearer, John Barrymore,
Greta Garbo, Clara Bow, and
"Little Mary" Pickford.
"By 1922, more then 500 stations were on the air and Americans eagerly bought radios to listen to them" (Cayton 639).
How is the 1920's relevant to 2008?
Timeline Slide of the 1920's
1921
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
"In 1920-1930's, the number of theaters
rose from about 5,000 to 22,500 [a
350% increase]" (Cayton 692).
How Did Silent Films Work?
As the silent, black and white film played, a piano player was right by it. Playing the music and sound effects, so the audience could hear dramatic music to match the mood of the film.
1927 the first sound film, "Talkie" was invented.
It had speech, music, sound effects, singing and
was still in black and white.
Radio, movies, magazines and newspapers became a profitable medium for advertising
"General Electric's product line included electric toasters, ovens, sewing machines, coffee pots, irons and vacuum cleaners" (Cayton 724).
Most radio advertisements were for kitchen appliances "for the woman" and Westinghouse products.
"The intention of the new policy was to mend relations with Latin American countries during the Sixth Pan-American Conference in Havana in 1928 for armed interventions in Haiti and Nicaragua" (upa.pdx.edu).
"We have a desire to maintain not only the cordial relations of governments with each other, but also the relations of good neighbors."
-Herbert C. Hoover 1928
The United States and North America had a low relationship.
Countries in North America where
President Herbert C. Hoover visited
"The Good Neighbor Policy phrase was coined by President Herbert Hoover, not President Franklin Roosevelt" (upa.pdx.edu).
Passed in 1924.
The Immigration Act of 1924
limited the number of immigrants
allowed entry into the United
States through a national origins quota.
"The quota provided immigration visas to 2% of the total number of people of each nationality in the United States as of the 1890 national census. It completely excluded immigrants from Asia" (United States Department of State ).
Extremely racist much like, the Chinese Exclusion Act and Gentleman's Agreement of 1906
"The 1924 Immigration Act also included a provision excluding from entry any alien who by virtue of race or nationality was ineligible for citizenship" (United States Department of State ).
Calvin Coolidge singeing the
National Origins Act of 1924
Jazz became mon-
umentally popular
The first
sound film
Silent movies
are a hit
Prohibition and the 18th
Amendment took effect
1922
The Volstead Act
More then 500 stations
were on the air
The National Origins Act
Good Neighbor Policy
19th Amendment
Harding and Coolidge administration
1920
Automobile/
Model T
Chicago steel
strike
African American
Migration Within
the U.S
Stock Market and
Buying on Margin
Decline of Agriculture
in U.S
Babe Ruth, famous
baseball player
"The 19th amendment gave women the right to vote and was ratified on
August 26, 1920.
It took decades for women to achieve this goal. Women formed the National American Women Suffrage Movement (NAWSA)in 1896. It became the most nationally known pro-suffrage group in the 19th century held conventions, made petitions, and lobbied congress to get the right to vote" (Cayton).
"Steel workers in 1919 had difficult working conditions, low wages, and long hours. Because of inflation after World War I it was difficult for workers to pay for their families needs. The strike went from September 1919 to January 1920. The American Federation of Labor organized the strike. More than 350,00 workers were involved and demanded higher wages. eight hour day work days, and recognition of union" (Cayton).
Farmers producing more food by
using machines the price of their
produce went down because of over-production. Then the prices dropped further because they couldn't sell their produce. They were about to go bankrupt so they ad to borrow money from banks and re-mortgage their land to survive. There was also a major decline in wheat because of prohibition they couldn't make whiskey out of the wheat anymore" (Cayton).
Technological advances were the Band-Aid invented by Earle Dickson.

The traffic signal by Garret Morgan.

The first working television by John Baird.

There were also advancements in film and radio and there was a boom in the
electrical industry.
Some of the most
important inventions.
Band-aids, traffic
signals, radios,
electric toaster
and much more!
1999
It is said that "history has a tendency to repeat itself" this is saying is true. During President Herbert Hoover’s term March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933, his running quote was, “A chicken in every pot and a car in ever garage” evidently this did not come true.

During the Great Depression Hoover claimed “Economic depression cannot be cured by legislative action or executive pronouncement. Economic wounds must be healed by the action of the cells of the economic body - the producers and consumers themselves” (Brainyquotes). Unfortunately for the United States, the economy was in a rut.
Much like during Hoover’s term, President George W. Bush also found himself in the same predicament. In 2008, as the economy was coming to a collapse Bush said the economy was doing fine. Despite his reassuring words to the public, the economy was once again in a depression.
Full transcript