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Sigmund Freud

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Hannah Culver

on 14 May 2015

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Transcript of Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud
Scholar, Psychiatrist (1856-1939)
timeline Of Sigmund's Life
1856- Born in Freiberg, Moravia (Czech Republic)
1876-1878 Conducts personal scientific research with the help of mentors Joins Brucke and Breuer
1881- Received a Doctor's degree in medicine at The Univesity of Vienna
1884 - Discovers the analgesic properties of cocaine and starts treating "nervous" disorders by means of electrotherapy
1885-1895 Self-analysis, dream analysis and hypnosis
1895- Publishes 'Obsession and Phobias'. Together with Josef Breuer publishes 'Studies on Hysteria' in May
1898-1891 Publishes books on Psychopathology, Interpretations of Dreams and Memories
1910 - International Psychoanalytical Association, development of Psycho-analysis
1921 - Publishes Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego
1923- Publication of The Ego and the Id
1939 - Died September 23rd

A comprehensive theory about human nature, motivation, behavior, development and experience.
Clinical Application
"The conscious mind may be compared to a fountain playing in the sun and falling back into the great subterranean pool of subconscious from which it rises."
Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
Created due to Freuds intrigue of neuroses
Liberates the mind by bringing unconcious material into the concious
Uses techniques such as dream interpretation and free association
Psychoanalyst looks for certain patterns of significant behavior or events
Helps explain the complex dynamic and connection between the body and the mind
Can be used to help patients with anxiety disorders and depression
Interpretation Of Dreams
Structure of the Mind
The Iceberg Metaphor
Levels of the Mind
Mental processes of which we are fully aware
Powerfully influenced by our past experiences and instincts
Biologically based instincts for primitive urges
Thoughts too powerful to acknowledge fully
Traumatic and powerful emotions
Revealed in the pre-conscious and conscious mind through dreams and 'Freudian slips'
- The Ego:
Subconscious/Pre- Conscious
-The Id:
Works based on the reality principle
Takes into account societal norms
Looks for realistic ways to satisfies Id's demands
Seeks immediate pleasure
No regard to consequences
Includes inherited characteristics

Primitive, illogical, irrational
-The Superego:
Thoughts and feelings a person is not currently aware of but can be brought to consciousness
Available memory
Mild emotional experiences
Eros = life insticts
Thanatos = death instincts
Controls impulses of the id that are prohibited by society
The conscience: the superego punishes self if the ego gives in to id impusles
The Ideal Self: the superego punishes self for not reaching idealistic perfections
Defense Mechanisms of The Mind
"Royal road to the unconscious"
Wish fufillment
The ego's defenses are lowered - some repressed material comes through to awareness
Dreams are about matters that one cannot resolve by conscious deliberation and action
All dreamers utilize the material of their own experience in their own way
Manifest Content

What the dreamer remembers
Often based on events of the day
Latent Content
Symbolic meaning of the dream i.e. the underlying wish
Secondary Elaboration
Dream Work
The process by which the underlying wish is translated into the manifest content

Purpose: to transform the forbidden wish into a non-threatening form
The joining of two or more ideas/images into one
Transformation of the person/object that the dreamer is really concerned about into something else
When the unconscious mind strings together wish fulfilling images in a logical order of events to make them seem more realistic
Inside the mind of Sigmund Freud...
Works Cited

Freud, S. (1949). An Outline of Psychoanalysis. New York: Norton.

McLeod, Saul. "Unconscious Mind." SimplyPsychology. SimplyPhyscology, 2009. Web. 1 Nov. 2014.
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