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The Temperance Movement
Transcript of The Temperance Movement
This movement was the effort to prohibit the drinking of alcohol. In the early 19th century, the drinking of alcohol was prevalent in American society. It was consumed during mealtimes, and even used by doctors who dosed their patients with brandy or whiskey prior to operating on them. This was before anesthetics were developed in the 1840s. There were many Americans who recognized drunkenness was an urgent problem, and a few who possessed passion for the issue spoke out to change American society. In 1826, the American Temperance Society was founded, and by 1833, about 6,000 local temperance societies sprouted around the country. These societies held rallies, produced pamphlets and introduced a new way of life: sobriety. This decline in the consumption of alcohol continued into the 1860s. Who was Involved? Mary C. Vaughan was passionate about the of alcohol usage, and she spoke at a temperance meeting in 1852, attesting to the evils of alcohol. She spoke of the effects of temperance falling crushingly on women, and how they were the ones who saw the worst of it. A quote from her speech is, "Oh! the misery, the utter, hopeless misery of the drunkard's wife!" http://www.google.com/imgres?num=10&hl=en&tbo=d&authuser=0&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=g1tDAZNqjS_fHM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mary_Livermore.jpg&docid=kvwFTVHnwU0GGM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ec/Mary_Livermore.jpg&w=1064&h=1330&ei=5L7jU Lyman Beecher was a prominent Connecticut minister and began lecturing against the use of liquor in 1825. About a year after he began public speaking, the American Temperance Society was founded. It was then followed by thousands of other temperance societies. http://www.google.com/imgres?hl=en&tbo=d&authuser=0&biw=1366&bih=667&tbm=isch&tbnid=2GppCCAdtQoldM:&imgrefurl=http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php%3Frec%3D53&docid Amelia Bloomer lived during the mid-19th century and contributed aid to many movements. Her battles influenced gender roles and she fought for women's constitutional rights: the right to vote, to petition, etc. She helped shape political institutions, the media and individual reformers. She played a large part in the temperance movement as well, by campaigning for that as well as women's rights. http://www.google.com/imgres?um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbo=d&biw=1366&bih=667&authuser=0&tbm=isch&tbnid=Y_WyhCvAhSF- The Temperance Movement started when women could no longer endure their husbands' excessive consumption of alcohol. The substance was also frequently blamed on societal problems such as severe health problems, destitution and crime. The earliest organizations started in Ireland in the 1820s, then shifted to Scotland, Britain, Norway and Sweden in the next decade. The first states in the U.S. to see the beginnings of this movement were New York and Massachusetts. As the movement swept through the United States, problems in society decreased and women and children were able to live without the burden of a drunkard for a husband and father. The U.S. saw its first statewide success for the temperance movement in Maine, which passed a law on June 2nd, 1851. Other states soon followed. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1054.html Works Cited