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Hallucinogens: Drugs That Cause Hallucinations

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Lauren Garlie

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Hallucinogens: Drugs That Cause Hallucinations

Hallucinogens: Drugs That Cause Hallucinations

Available Fresh or Dried, have long, slender stems topped by caps with dark gills on the under side.
Aztecs and Natives used for religious purposes.
Milder Shorter version of LSD.
Distort the perception of Actual Objects.
Tolerance Builds up quickly.
Hallucinations: an experience involving the apparent perception of something not present
Mushroom, Peyote, and LSD Facts
Hallucinogen
A drug that causes hallucinations.
See Images
Hear Sounds
Feel Sensations
Rapid Intense Emotional Mood Swings

How They Are Taken
It depends on what kind of Hallucinogen is being taken.
LSD: Liquid drop on tongue, pill or mixing to make a drink
Mushrooms: Chewed really well and swallowed, make tea. Use as a topping or bake into brownies.

Addiction
Non- addictive drugs
No physical dependence or withdrawal symptoms.
Overall Potential: Low
Can develop psychological dependence.
Flashbacks

Overdose Symptoms and Dangers
Longer, more intense trip
Psychosis
Muscle spasms and seizures
Loss of Coordination
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
Catatonic syndrome
Heart/Lung Failure
Ruptured blood vessels in the brain
Coma
Death

Greatest Use & Attraction
Males are twice as likely as females to use hallucinogens.
Young people are more attracted to the drug.
Teens who had been physically or sexually assaulted.
Teens who had had witnessed violence.
Teens with a family history of drug or alcohol abuse.
Teens who attend dance parties.

Effects On the Body and Brain:
Body temp is elevated
Appetite diminished
Sleep is disturbed for hours
Slurred speech
Loss of muscular coordination
Profuse sweating
Depending on the hallucinogen used, these effects can last up to 24 hours.
PCP: Smoke it, snort it, swallow it or inject it (Dangerous & uncommon).
Peyote: First peel the skin then; eat it raw, in a salad, or cut into small pieces and make tea
Treatment:
No specific Treatment program for Hallucinogens
Behavior Modification
Counseling
Physiological Treatment
12- step programs
Rehabs for Addicts/Alcoholics.

PCP:People who have abused PCP for long periods of time have reported memory loss, difficulties with speech and thinking, depression, and weight loss. These symptoms can persist up to one year after stopping PCP abuse.
LSD: The user’s sense of time and self is altered. Experiences may seem to “cross over” different senses, giving the user the feeling of hearing colors and seeing sounds. These changes can be frightening and can cause panic. Some LSD users experience severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings of despair, fear of losing control, or fear of insanity and death while using LSD.
Peyote: The top of the peyote cactus (crown), consists of disc-shaped buttons that are cut from the roots and dried.
Are chewed or soaked in water to produce an intoxicating liquid.
The hallucinogenic dose of mescaline is about 0.3 to 0.5 grams, and its effects last about 12 hours.
Some individuals prefer to prepare a tea by boiling the cacti for several hours.
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Common Street Names
LSD: Lysergic Acid Diethylamide

Common Street names:
Acid
Blotter
Cali Sunshine
Cid
Lucy
Sugar Cube
Looney Tunes

What is LSD?
Created by Albert Hofmann-1938

Fungus Found on Rye and other grains
Produced in laboratories in crystal form
Converted to liquid form for selling
colorless, odorless, said to have a bitter taste

Became popular in the US in the 1960’s
“Most Potent” Hallucinogen

Mushrooms
Common Street names:
Shrooms
Magic
Caps
Stems
Blue meanies
Mushroom Information:
Psilocybin Mushroom (toxic)
40 species
Used prehistorically
Used religiously
Schedule I
Reports of temperarily curing OCD

DMT: Dimethyltryptamine
Street names:
Businessman’s trip
fantasia

DMT is a white/off-white powder.

Widely spread in the plant kingdom.

DMT produced in brain
REM sleep
Death stress

Peyote: Psychoactive cactus
Peyotes Psychoactive ingredient: Mescaline
Peyote: glisten or glistening
Native to Southern Texas and Mexico
Used religiously by the Navajo Indians
Street names:
Peyote
Mesc
Buttons

MDMA/MDA
MDMA/MDA: Methylenedioxymethamphetamine
Street names:
Ecstasy
Molly
“love drug”

Could be used medically prior to 1985.
psychiatrists used to increase communication,
openness and empathy.

Commonly laced with caffeine, cocaine, meth, etc.
PCP
PCP: Phencyclidine
Street names:
Angel Dust
Peace Pill
Medical uses
Park, Davis and Company- 1950
Another anesthetic
Used on primates
Tested on Humans
Patient did not remember procedure or pain
1960-PCP is good for monkey anesthetic, but psychologically troublesome in humans.

PCP Continued
Recreational Uses:
1968- ‘peace pill’
1970’s- sprinkled on oregano, parsley or alfalfa and sold as marijuana
It then became known as Angel Dust
Reduces pain and keeps on ‘going’
Police arrests compare PCP effects similar to alcohol intoxication and one is not easily detained.
Reports of causing violence but most report feeling too intoxicated for any kind of violence.
1970’s- Most drug associated caused ER visit


PCP is considered a "dissociative drug" meaning that it distorts perceptions of sight and sound and produces feelings of dissociation from the environment.
PCP quickly gained a reputation as a drug that could cause bad reations. Some abusers continue to use the drug due to giving them feelings of strength, power, and invulnerability.People who have abused PCP for long periods of time report memory loss, difficulties with speech and thinking, depression, and weight loss. PCP is addictive. It's abuse can lead to craving and compulsive PCP-seeking behavior.
Other symptoms that can occur include: delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, disordered thinking, dissociation, as well as anxiety symptoms. Low to moderate doses can cause an increase in breathing rate and a rise in blood pressure and pulse rate. Shallow breathing, flushing, uncontrollable sweating, as well as generalized numbness of the extremities, and loss of musclar coordination may occur with PCP use.PCP can be a highly destructive drug. High doses can cause seizure, coma, and even death
PCP is a drug that is typically abused in night clubs and music venues by young adults.


Have been used for both religious, medical and recreational purposes throughout history.
Hallucinogens that are used for a spiritual purpose do not have an effect on society.
When hallucinogens are used in negative ways people can become violent and unpredictable due to overall mind altering affects.
Users may loose their ability to separate reality from imagination and may be unable to function in normal society during the drug use.
Since PCP causes behaviors of "superhuman strength" there have been incidents reported of people trying to stop cars, attempting to fly as well as jumping off high buildings.
Overall the effect of hallucinogens on society is unpredictable because the drug itself is unpredictable.

Hallucinogen Effect on Society
Often Paired With...
Marijuana Use
Cocaine
Alcohol

Effects on pregnant Women
Drugs that cross the placenta barrier can harm an unborn baby.
Can result in Birth defects and possibly death.
Can cause contractions and induce preterm labor.
Can raise the mother's blood pressure and reduce blood flow to the placenta, harming the fetus.
Pregnancy
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