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Persian Empire

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Zara Batalvi

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of Persian Empire

The Persian Empire
Zara Batalvi, Stephanie Chen, Diana Zavela
Social Hierarchy
550–330 BCE
Fertile land
Many neighbors
Wheat
Barley
Urban Centers
Persepolis
Pasargadae
Susa
Babylon
Ecbatana
Economic Activity
Impact of Geography on Economic Activity
Types of Crops
Flax
Grapes
Major Trade Partners
Greece
Babylon
Yamana
Lebanon
Major Military Conflicts
Greco-Persian Wars
Conquest by Alexander the Great
Persian Empire about 500 B.C. Map. World Book. World Book Advanced. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
The Persian Empire c. 500BCE
Political Systems
Economic Activity
Economic Activity
Labor Systems
Achaemenid empire
Intellectual Achievements
Technological Feats
Monetary system
Royal palaces
Postal system
Highway system
Royal Road
Not a long-lasting empire
Very little time for science to develop
Later achievements
Culture
Zoroastrianism
Morals/Tolerance
Ruled by "king of kings"
Tolerance valued
Very centralized
Created Persian Navy
Economic Activity
Most important imports/exports
Wine
Wood
Metals
Wool
Spice
Slavery
Economic Activity
Major Trade Routes
Roads (ex. Royal road)
Euphrates and Tigris
Routes along rich commercial towns
Persepolis, Façade of the Apadana, Begun c. 515 BC. N.d. Giraudon/Art Resource,
NY. Grove Art Online. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Persia in its Main Stages. Map. Upper Saddle River: World Civilizations: The
global Experience, 2011. Print.
Rigid caste system
Greater role of women
Association of kings and divinity
Slavery
Not much social mobility
Religion
Earlier, polytheistic beliefs
Prophet Zoroaster
Zoroastrianism
Cultural Achievments
Art
Traceably foreign
Architecture
Columned hall
Persepolis
No surviving literature
Hassan, Wendell Phillips. Yemen Pillars of Perystyle Hall. 17 Apr. 1952. AP
Images. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.

Reasons For Decline
Byzantines and "White Huns"
Alexander the Great
Muslim conquest of Persia
Legacy of the Persian Empire
Effects of Zoroastrianism
Persian Art & Architecture
Modern View
Works Cited
"Achaemenid Dynasty." Historical Dictionary of Iran. Ed. John H. Lorenz. 2nd ed. Lanham: Scarecrow, 2007. N. pag. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Briant, Pierre. From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Paris: Librairie Artheme Fayard, 1996. PDF file.
Darayee, Touraj. "Ancient Persia." Map. World Book. 2014. N. pag. World Book Advanced. Web. 24 Sept. 2014.
Daryaee, Touraj. "Persian Empire." Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History. Ed. William H. McNeill, Jerry H. Bentley, and David Christian. Vol. 4. Great Barrington: Berkshire, 2005. 1462-65. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 24 Sept. 2014.
Davis, Paul, ed. Encyclopedia of Invasions and Conquests: From Ancient Times to the Present. 2nd ed. New York: Grey, 2006. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
"Family and Social Life." The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students. Vol. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2000. 86-89. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 27 Sept. 2014.
Hassan, Wendell Phillips. Yemen Pillars of Perystyle Hall. 17 Apr. 1952. AP Images. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Persepolis, Façade of the Apadana, Begun c. 515 BC. N.d. Giraudon/Art Resource, NY. Grove Art Online. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"Persia Cradle of Science, Technology." Iran Review. Ed. Mahmoud Reza Golshanpazhooh and Firouzeh Mirrazavi. Iran Review, 5 Mar. 2011. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.


Works Cited
Persepolis, Façade of the Apadana, Begun c. 515 BC. N.d. Giraudon/Art Resource, NY. Grove Art Online. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"Persia Cradle of Science, Technology." Iran Review. Ed. Mahmoud Reza Golshanpazhooh and Firouzeh Mirrazavi. Iran Review, 5 Mar. 2011. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Persia in its Main Stages. Map. Upper Saddle River: World Civilizations: The global Experience, 2011. Print.
"Persian Empire." The Ancient Near East: An Encyclopedia for Students. Ed. Ronald Wallenfels and Jack M. Sasson. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2000. 171-76. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 19 Sept. 2014.
Persian Empire about 500 B.C. Map. World Book. World Book Advanced. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Stearns, Peter N., et al. "The Persian Empire: A New Perspective in the Middle East.” World Civilizations: The Global Experience. AP ed. Upper Saddle River: Longman, n.d. 82-84. Print.
Stockdale, Nancy. "Cyrus the Great." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. N.p., 2014. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
- - -. "Persian Empire." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. N.p., 2014. Web. 19 Sept. 2014.
- - -. "Zoroastrianism." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. N.p., 2014. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
 

Cultural traditions
Detailed mosaic of Alexander the Great (before A.D. 79) from Pompeii, Italy. N.d. National Archaeological Museum, Naples, Italy. World Book Advanced. Web. 1 Oct. 2014.
Simek, James. An ancient Greek coin called a tetradrachm was issued during the 400's B.C. N.d. World Book Advanced. Web. 1 Oct. 2014.
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