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The Classical Argument and Staking a claim

Video tutorial RC 1.3.1
by

Victoria Browne

on 13 February 2014

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Transcript of The Classical Argument and Staking a claim

Classical Argument and
Underlying Assumptions

Publish or Not?
Understanding the Classical
Argument
Review
TWO COMPONENTS:
The Classical Argument
1.) Truth-Seeking: Honest, objective and responsible
to find the best solution for the situation/issue presented.
2.) Persuasive: Your claim is your thesis. Justify your issue convincingly enough so that they will believe that
you are in the right.
* An unspoken belief that would lead you to your argument
* May be different from your reader's assumptions
*Underlying assumption may need to be explicated to the reader in order for them to be convinced.
* Usually something is either inherently good, bad, or or a part of your social make-up
Underlying Assumptions
CLAIM: The Government should not raise gasoline taxes because the higher prices would place undo hardship on low-income people.

Underlying Assumptions:

1.) Low-income people would not be able to afford the new cost of gas

2.) Low-income people are in dire enough straits that they could not modify their budget

3.) Low-income people have cars just like everybody else
Some Examples:
CLAIM: Repeat offenders in highly populated cities should be deported to an island somewhere in the Pacific.

UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS:

1.) Repeat offenders have not learned from their mistakes and deserve harsher punishment

2.) Repeat offenders, regardless of offense are a threat to stable society

3.) Australia, anybody?
Another Example:
Think about your underlying assumptions

Think about the things that you know and have taken for truth

Think about your reader's underlying assumptions

What do you think they consider truth?
Your Claim for Resolving an Issue:
TO RECAP:
UNDERLYING ASSUMPTIONS
YOUR CLAIM MUST HAVE REASONS
a.) Your argument or claim should be supported with SOLID reasons.
b.) You should be truth-seeking and persuasive.
c.) You must consider the underlying assumptions that shape the reasons that support your argument.
d.) You should consider the underlying assumptions of your audience/reader and recognize that they may be different from your own.
Counterargument:
counterargument.
Once you have a claim that has
been justified in your first paragraph, the third paragraph will need to be a
The counterargument is the the
oppositional perspective that can be supported by evidence. You are essentially addressing the opposing position in a reasonably persuasive manner.
Introduction and Argument
The first paragraph of the assignment will
summarize the situation (Davis' dilemma) and state your thesis. The second paragraph will further support your argument with evidence, justifying your claim (precedence, principle, consequence) when you feel appropriate.
Note the use of evidence from movies
THE REBUTTAL
The most important part of this assignment is the rebuttal, where you effectively counter/respond to the counterargument. The end goal is to dismantle the underlying assumptions or gaps in the counterargument's claim.
The rebuttal is designed to exercise your ability to engage with opposing viewpoints, and creatively/intelligently refute them; making your stance all the more sound.
Conclusion:
Further illustrate the strength
and importance of your position, potentially outlining larger issues at stake (how Americans view the Middle East) or address a more consequential outlook (how this decision may affect future similar decisions)
Five Paragraphs:

1.) Intro/thesis
2.) Supporting thesis/argument
3.) Counterargument
4.) Rebuttal to Counterargument
5.) Conclusion
To RECAP ASSIGNMENT
Full transcript