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Transcript of SPORT
Sport, as defined in the Oxford Dictionary, is an activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment. Sport -such as wrestling – can be traced back to 7000 BC. During this presentation you will learn about Training, Diet, some famous athletes, the Olympics and finally sports injuries.
The purpose of training is to improve performance, focussing on muscular structures, neuro-muscular skills and energy sources. The most popular method is ‘Progressive Loading’, whereby training loads are increased gradually, avoiding injury, allowing the body to adapt. By varying the intensity, type and volume, the body can recover and over-compensate. Training effectiveness is maintained with a gradual load increase. Areas of development can include speed, strength, psychological, endurance, competition preparation, flexibility, specific skills and coordination.
Usain Bolt – born August 21, 1986, Jamaica - has risen to stardom only recently when he competed in the 2008 Beijing Olympics and won the 100/200/4x100m foot races and backed it up with the same wins in the London 2012 Olympics – making himself a back-to-back Olympic champion. He is perhaps most famous for his trademark stance after winning a race . He is also the current world record holder of the men’s 100m foot race with a record of 9.58s.
The International Olympic Committee (2013), states that “The Olympic Games are competitions between athletes in individual or teams events and not between countries” (p. 21). The Olympics consist of both summer and winter games and are celebrated for two weeks every two years, alternating, therefore every four years for summer games and four years every winter games.
Sport in one form or another has been played by mankind since before the birth of Christ.
And just as mankind has evolved, so has sport. From the humble beginnings of the Greek Olympics to the spectacle of London 2012, sport is now a worldwide phenomenon, enjoyed by all.
From the raw talent, to the scientifically plotted training regimes and formulated dietary programmes. The champions with their multi million dollar pay packets to the lows of career ending injuries.
Sport has it all!
Definition of Sport. Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/sport
Gaborit, Paul (2009, May 1). The Olympic Rings [Image]. Retrieved from http://www.texample.net/tikz/examples/the-olympic-rings/
Gym training. Free Digital Photos [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.freedigitalphotos.net
International Olympic Committee, (2013, September 9). Olympic Charter. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/Documents/olympic_charter_en.pdf
Jana Pittman. In Wikipedia [Image]. Retrieved January 20, 2013 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jana_Pittman#Knee_injury
Kyriazis, (2004, August 16). Untitled [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-123271823
Metzger, M.J. (2007). Making sense of credibility on the web: Models for evaluating online information and recommendations for future research. Journal Of The American Society For Information Science & Technology, 58(13), 2078-2091.
Michael Phelps Olympic Records. Olympic Charter. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/michael-phelps
Michael Phelps DOB. MichaelPhelps.com. Retrieved from http://www.michaelphelps.com
Kelly's text here
Assesment 2a - Group Four
Beijing Olympics 08 Pictograms
The Olympic Rings
Michael Phelps – born June 30, 1985, USA – is the most celebrated Olympian due to the fact that he has won the most medals in the history of the Olympics. With a total of 22 medals, comprising of 18 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze in swimming starting at the Athens 2004 Olympics and ending with his retirement after the London 2012 Olympics.
Roger Federer – born August 8, 1981, Switzerland – is perhaps the best tennis player of all time with 77 career titles , ranked world number 1 for 302 weeks (over 5 years), 2 Olympic medals and a win:loss ratio of 927:216. He also has won over $79 million during his career.
At the most recent Olympic Games in London (2012), there were 26 sports contested. The games are open to both amateur and professional athletes. There are only a handful of sports that have been present in all 30 summer Olympics. These include athletics, swimming, fencing and artistic gymnastics (“Olympic Games”, n.d).
According to Young (2013), the Olympic Games are regarded as one of the leading sporting competitions across the world. Although the first ancient Olympic Games took place well over 700 BC, the first modern Olympics only took place less than 150 years ago in Athens in the year 1896. The games have been held consecutively since then (apart from World War I and II, when they were understandably cancelled). There were only 14 nations and 241 athletes that competed in the games of 1896. Today there are over 200 nations and around 10,500 athletes that compete.
Modern sport training is very scientific and analytical. The application of specialised equipment/technology allows athletes/coaches to operate more efficiently/effectively. For example treadmills, weights machines, heart rate monitors, pedometers and body-fat monitors. With a greater deepened knowledge of the human body and its potential, athletes can train to compete in sports on a much higher scale and to a much older age.
There is history behind sport training in hunting practice and war preparation; archery, javelin, etc. Ancient Greek gymnasiums/palaestras, run by retired athletes, is where the recognised role of a coach arose. By the Fifth Century B.C. being coached was common place for serious athletes. Soon the science of training came about, and ever since it has been an involved and complex journey to become a successful athlete, especially on a world scale.
Sports injuries are caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand. Common injuries include bruises, sprains, strains, joint injuries and nose bleeds.
More serious injuries can include: - fractures, eye injuries, crushing injuries and intracranial injuries.
Statiscally lower body injuries are more than twice as frequent (69%) as those to the upper body (31%). And previous injuries sustained can increase the risk of further injury by 45%.
In Australia, one in seventeen sportsmen or women suffer a sporting injury each year.
The ten most commonly injured body parts during sport are:
1. Hand, includes fingers 6. Face, excludes eyes
2. Ankle 7. Foot, includes toes
3. Wrist 8. Head, excludes face
4. Knee 9. Forearm
5. Shoulder 10. Elbow
In order to create this presentation, team members used credible online sources to gain information. As suggested by Metzger (2007), creating a checklist helps us to determine if the source is credible or not.
Such factors towards credibility of online sources used:
Similarity of material from various online sources.
Domain name - Is the extension appropriate to the topic?
Currency of website and number of hits.
Authors name and credentials. Are they supported or sponsored by an organisation?
Avoidance of articles with anonymous contributors.
Organisation websites with research from highly regarded educational establishments.
This presentation was created by Julian Sillet, Kelly Walker, Lisa Pugh, Paul Phillips and Zoe Stewart
for the purpose of Assessment 2a of Learning and Communicating Online, Swinburne University
For the average person a sporting injury can be painful and inconvenient but for elite athletes injuries can shatter lifelong ambitions and dreams.
Duel world champion 400mr hurdler Jana Pittman's Olympic dreams were ended due to sporting injuries.
Going into the 2004 Athens Olympics as the hot gold medal favorite, Jana tore the cartilage in her right knee just prior to the opening of competition resulting in a 5th place in the final.
A recurring right toe injury then caused her withdrawal from the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
Michael Phelps. Wikimedia [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/90/Michael_Phelps_wins_8th_gold_medal_%28cropped%29.jpg
Nurutheone (n.d.). Beijing Olympics 08 Pictograms [Image]. Retrieved from http://nurutheone.deviantart.com/art/Beijing-Olympics-08-Pictograms-94419148
Olympic Games. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved January 12, 2014 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympic_Games
Roger Federer Tennis Record Prize Money. Association of Tennis Professionals World Tour. Retrieved from http://www.atpworldtour.com/Tennis/Players/Top-Players/Roger-Federer.aspx.
Roger Federer Career Stats. RogerFedera.com. Retrieved from http://www.rogerfederer.com/en/tennis/career.html
Roger Federer. Wikimedia [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/R_federer.jpg
Sport history. Brian Mac Sports Coach. Retrieved from http://www.brianmac.co.uk/history.htm
Sport history. Fast Science: A History of Training Theory and Methods for Elite Runners. Retrieved from http://books.google.com.au/books?id=oO59WJjuRLEC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Fast+Science:+A+History+of+Training+Theory+and+Methods+for+Elite+Runners&hl=en&sa=X&ei=r4biUqXTKIavkgWD2YGgBA&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Fast%20Science%3A%20A%20History%20of%20Training%20Theorry%20and%20Methods%20for%20Elite%20Runners&f=false
Sports Medicine Australia Victorian Branch. Retrieved January 20, 2013, from http://www.smartplay.com.au/ImageLibraryAssets/resources/vic/smartplay_play_smart_report_online_version.pdf
State Government of Victoria, (29 November 2013). Retrieved from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/
The role of technology in sport. University of Ulster. Retrieved from http://www.ulster.ac.uk/scienceinsociety/technologyinsport.html
Tibia and Femur autograft X-ray. In Wikipedia [Image]. Retrieved 21 January, 2013 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unhappy_triad
Training deffinition. Principles of Training. Retrieved from http://www.google.com.au/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCkQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.iaaf.org%2Fdownload%2Fdownload%3Ffilename%3Df9fa48c2-2a0c-46f3-88b9-149f4d561326.pdf%26urlslug%3DChapter%25203%253A%2520Training&ei=QXfTUpbFDsmmlAW9h4DoAw&usg=AFQjCNEY13tvCLik5cRPfZqiwuXgDAu2uw&bvm=bv.59026428,d.dGI
Usain Bolt 100m sprint. International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved from http://www.iaaf.org/athletes/jamaica/usain-bolt-184599
Usain Bolt Olympic Records. Olympic Charter. Retrieved from http://www.olympic.org/usain-bolt
Usain Bolt DOB/POB. UsainBolt.com. Retrieved from http://usainbolt.com/bio/
Usain Bolt. Wikimedia [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cd/Usain_Bolt_Lightning_pose.jpg - USAIN bolt picture
Young, D. C. (2013, December 9). "Olympic Games." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved January 12, 2013, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/428005/Olympic-Games