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Gender Roles in Antigone
Transcript of Gender Roles in Antigone
People judged by compliance with gender-specific standards
Conflicting roles in society/plays: recognized some potential, but weren't citizens
Viewed as not as capable as men -intellectually, physically, socially, etc.
-evident by Creon's refusal to submit, "especially" to a woman
Men above women - autonomy, control, & overall freedom
Men active in public life; free to come & go as willed
Women's sheltered: lives centered around/largely confined to home
Women = homemaker - expected to be good wives & mothers, but not much of anything else.
All actors were men, women were represented by men in costumes Staging Structure Initiation of recognizing women's capabilities
Continue to have gender inequalities and challenge them
Still have gender roles and accepted behaivor
Women have gained a lot of progress in many countries and these early works helped initiate the movement that continues today
Many countries still have terrible female oppression
Human Rights - Always going to be a concern Relevance to Today Sophocles' Antigone is progressive because it recognizes the capabilities of women and even goes as far as suggesting that they are at times more than men's. The reader sympathizes with Antigone more than Creon at the conclusion of the play, indicating a greater reverence. Themes Men superior to women
Royalty superior to laymen
Elders superior and more wise Creon is a male, elder King
Antigone is a younger woman
Sophocles challenges the established social hierarchy through the relationship between Antigone and Creon by allowing the young woman (Antigone) to defeat the elder king (Creon) despite the accepted superiority of males, elders, and royalty. Prologue
Episodes - 5 Scenes: sequentially containing the complication, rising action, crisis, climax, reversal, recognition, and resolution
Exodos Follows normal Tragic Structure: