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Major World Religions

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Claire Golladay

on 2 June 2010

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Transcript of Major World Religions

Christianity Judiasm Islam Buddhism Hinduism
Christians believe in the teachings of God, which were written down in the Bible. They believe that there is an afterlife, called Heaven for people who have loved God and a less plesant place for people who have not. Important people to Christianity include Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary, both of whom helped create and spread the religion. Christians celebrate many religious holidays, includingEaster and Christmas. Easter is on the first Sunday after the first full moon of the spring equinox. This holiday celebrates the ressurection of Jesus Christ. THe ressurection is very important to CHristian followers because it was then that Christians truely saw the work of God, transforming his dead son, Jesus Christ to be alive again.

Christmas is the holiday that celebrates Jesus' birthday and it is celebrated on December 25. Christians honor their savior, Jesus on this day by having a huge celebration that includes gift giving and recieving.

Most Christian followers attend Church, their religious meeting place, every Sunday to worship God. Christianity began when Mary gave birth to Jesus Christ in a manger of an Inn's stable. He then grew up, learning carpentry from his father, Joseph. Jesus studied hard at Judiasm and learned that the Messiah, or annointed one was to come and save the Jewish people. Soon, Jesus began preaching about a new God. He taught people to love each other and God. When Roman people heard of this new God, they thaught that Jesus would try to start a revolt against Rome. Roman soldiers thaen nailed Jesus to a cross and left him to die. He died and his disciples, or followers took his body and bearied it in a cave. THe Bible says that later, the ressurrection occured and Jesus came back to life, to live in heaven with his father, God. Then, Jesus' disciples began preaching of Jesus and God. Soon, many people converted and Christianity grew. Buddhists believe in enlightenment, which is a stage that they reach when they rid themselves with suffering. Buddhists do not believe in a God or Gods, but istead of a way of life based on simple teachings. People who follow Buddhism believe in a cycle of many lives, which can be escaped if one values nature and life and ends suffering.Important figures to Buddhism include Prince SIddhartha, the original Buddha and ascetics, or people who give up worldy pleasures. Prince Siddhartha created Buddhism by reaching enlightenment and then teaching others how to fiand a world without suffering. Buddhists celebrate many holidays, the important ones inluding Vesak Day and Festival Of Floating Bowls. On Vesak Day, Buddhists celebrate the birthday of Prince Siddhartha, or Buddha. It is on the first full moon of May and people commemorate the birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha as one on Vesak Day.The Festival of Floating Bowls is a celebration that consists of sending bowls made from leaves with flowers and incense sticks down a river. This custom is supposed to make all bad luck disapeer. Buddhists practice meditation in order to become closer to reaching enlightenment. Buddhism was created after Prince SIddhartha. He was a wealthy Prince who, at birth was condemmed to either be a wonderful leader after his father or end suffering. His father wished Siddhartha to continue his heir so he made sure the prince did not go outside of city walls in order to keep his son away from suffering. When Siddhartha turned thirty, he took three trips and saw three forms of suffering, death, old age, and sickness. It was then that he began meditating and trying to reach enlightenment. Eventually, the Prince found enlightenment by following the eightfold path. Buddhism is based upon Prince SIddhartha, or Buddah's simple teachings. The schools united.com Jesus Preaching Christian Cross www.tamilucc.com A Christian Church moultontexas.com Buddha erinsaley.wordpress.com Buddhists on Vesak Day intellasia.net Festival of Floating Bowls thailand.tourism-asia.net Jewish people believe in the teachings
of the Torah. The Torah is a collection of sacred writings. Jewish followers regonize one all powerfull God,responsible for the creation of mankind.Important people to Judiasm include Abraham, Moses, and the kings David and Solomon. Abraham, according to the Torah, started the belief in one God and brought his people, the Jews, to Canaan, under God's will. Moses was an important figure who lead his people out of slavery and according to the Torah, he wrote the ten commandments down after recieving them from God. The kings David and Solomon established Jerusalem as the holy city and Solomon built the first great temple there. The Jewish religion includes many
and costums, the important of which
include Hanukkah, Passover, and the Sabbath. Hanukkah is the celebration of the miracle of the oil, when God miracously made one day's worth of oil last for eight days. During this holiday, Jewish people light one candle each day for eight days and have a huge celebration of God. Passover is a ceremony of fasting and family togetherness. During this time, Jews remember the time of the slavery and freedom. The Sabbath is the Jewish rest day, when people are supposed to honor God and attend the synogogue, the Jewish religious house. Judiasm first began, according to
the Torah, when Abraham, a phrophet began the belief in a single God. There are several stories in the Torah that include the belief that Abraham moved his people to Canaan, where they would be free. Later on, Moses lead the people out of Egypt, where they were being treated as slaves. Moses also wrote down the ten commandments , which are valued as a sacred text in Judiasm. Later on, the Kings David and Solomon established the holy city as Jerusalem, which is still honored today as a very sacred and important city to Judiasm. Judiasm developed slowly, over time and eventually gained complexity and followers. The Torah libguides.byui.edu The Jewish Star www.internationalnewsagency.com vivirlatino.com Hindu people believe in karma, dharma,
and sasmara. They are polytheistic, meaning Hindus believe in many Gods and Deities. They believe that there is a major God, called Brahman and many other deities that represent different aspects of Brahman's person. Karma is the belief that, within the cycle of Sasmara, or the multiple lives each preson has, the good deeds and bad deeds a person does determines the social class, or varna they will be born into. For instance, untouchables, the lowest class, were "bad" in their previous life, which is why they are now at such a low level. The belief of Dharma is the set of rules that all Hidus follow. It is the base of Hinduism's way of life and the laws of Dharma are very strict. Major Hindu clebrations include Diwali and Mahashivaratri. Diwali is the celebration of Lakshimi, an important Deity in the Hindu religion. During the festival, Hindus light fireworks, lanterns and lights as a ceremony to their Deity. Mahashivaratri is the major holiday that honors the Deity Shiva, one of the major three in the HIndu religion. During this holiday, Hindus meditate and fast to honor Shiva in the night of the holiday. There are many other holidays in Hinduism, because there are so many Deities. Hinduism began at no certain date
or time.No person really started the religion, either. It was, simply the religion of the people of India and grew gradually as the years went on. A Shiva Sculpture www.religonfacts.com Hinduism Symbol en.wikisource.org Deities www.yoga108.org According to Muslims, or people who follow the Islamic faith,the six major ideas and people that must be followed and adhered to are the one God, or Allah, the angels of God, the phrophets of God, especially Muhammad, the books of God, especially the Qu'ran, the Day of Judgment, and the supremacy of God's will. They believe that the Torah and the Bible are both communications to mankind from God andthat the teachings of the Qu'ran are is the last teachings from God to mankind. All muslims believe very strongly in the Shahada, which is recited, "There is no God but God, and Muhammad is his prophet. There are many Islamic holidays and
custom, the important of which being Ramadan, 'Id Al-Fitr, and praying. Ramadan is a fast when Muslims go with out evil thoughts and deeds, food, and any drink from dawn until dusk for an entire month. It celebrates the ninth month of the Muslim year, in which the Qur'an was supposedly sent down from God. 'Id Al-Fitr is the breaking of the fast of Ramadan and consists of family gatherings and feasts. Praying is an important custom to Muslims. Each day, they pray five times. Many Muslims carry praying beads and rugs and even will pray on the sidewalks if necesary. Muhammad, the prophet began the belief in Islam. It is said in the Qur'an that the angel, Gabriel told him of God and soon Muhammad began to spread the ideas of this new God, Allah. From then on, Muhammad continued to spread the religion and many people converted as it caught on. After Muhammad's death in 632 A.D., Abu Bakr was appionted the first Muslim leader. The i. He further spread the ideas and beliefs of Islam. Today, it is the fastest growing religion of the modern world. : my.opera.com/mahmoud10/ blog/?startidx=50 Mosque Muslims Praying myopera.com Muslims in a Mosque my.opera.com The Menorah internationalnewsagency.org Major
Religions
of the
World Thank you to www.religionfacts.com! By: Claire Golladay - Mr.Miller - Social Studies/5th hr.- May 31,2010
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