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Policies of the Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson Administration

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Scott Bletzinger

on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of Policies of the Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson Administration

Policies of the Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson Administration
Differences
Similarities
-All presidents desired to establish the United States as more of a super power and increase American commerce in foreign countries.

Differences
-Roosevelt supported the United Mine Workers in the strike of 1902 which included "breaker boys" which were children who worked in dangerous conditions

-Wilson supported the Keating-Owen Act which disallowed distribution of products from child laborers across state lines

Similarities
New Nationalism and New Freedom
-Roosevelt wanted to regulate monopolies, establish minimum wages for women, and advocate women's suffrage.

-Wilson wanted to lower the protective tariff, to create a better banking system, and to strengthen anti-trust laws (destroy, not regulate, monopolies).
New Nationalism and New Freedom
Foreign Policy
-Roosevelt wanted to keep peace among other nations and serve as a mediator while maintaining a public image of a superpower ("Big Stick")

-Taft wanted to heavily develop foreign markets in poorer countries for American business ("Dollar Diplomacy")

-Wilson was more concerned with the morality of American influence on foreign nations and strove to remain neutral in foreign conflict ("Moral Diplomacy")
Foreign Policy
Similarities
Tariff
-Both Taft and Wilson attempted to lower the protective tariff to lower prices of domestic goods
Differences
Tariff
-Taft passed Payne-Aldrich Tariff and did little to assist its progression through congress, and as a result, it had little effect on the US economy (raised tariff in some areas and alienated him from the progressives).

-Wilson passed the Underwood-Simmons Tariff which successfully reduced the tariff which in turn increased foreign competition in American markets to break up trusts.
Similarities
Trust Regulation
-Both believed in the presence of corruption in the practice of monopolies that could be potentially hurtful to the American market as well as the general public.

-Both passed acts (Sherman Anti-Trust and Clayton Anti-Trust) to give the government power to break up trusts.
Differences
Trust Regulation
-Roosevelt's Hepburn Railroad Regulation Act regulated railroad rates while Wilson's Federal Trade Commission Act allowed for the prosecution of companies committing unlawful practices.

-Roosevelt believed in the existence of both good and bad trusts. He believed in the regulation of trusts to limit bad trusts. Wilson, on the other hand, wanted to destroy all monopolies.
Similarities
Latin American Policies
-Both Roosevelt and Taft sided with the insurgents in their revolutions (Panama and Nicaragua).

-Both Roosevelt and Taft supported the Latin American countries for the United States' financial benefits.
Differences
Latin American Policies
-While Roosevelt and Taft supported the rebels, Wilson did not acknowledge leaders of Mexico that rose to power from violent actions.

-Roosevelt wanted Panama freed so he could easily build the Panama Canal, while Taft wanted Nicaragua to represent America's democratic government.
Conclusion
-The Presidents preceding World War I attempted to revise the marketing system of the time to limit the abuses of power by the bigger corporations with various methods of achieving this goal.

-All three presidents recognized the importance of establishment and maintenance of the US as a world power, but had slightly different visions on how to obtain this dominance.
Introduction
-Presidents Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson all had policies that had both similar and different aspects that reflected progressive ideals to advance the evolving industrial society that was America.
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