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Transcript of Future Forms
The be going to future
Present continuous as future
Future with will
Present Simple as future
Future Perfect Simple and Continuous
We can express the future with be going to + to-infinitive
Form: Verb to be + going to + to-infinitive:
I'm going to stay.
We can use the present continuous to refer to the future. A future time reference must be stated or be clear from the context.
Form: will (not) + infinitive
Form: will be + present participle
To talk about the past from a point in the future. It is the equivalent of the present perfect with the refernce point in the future. The present perfect looks back from now: the future perfect looks back from the future.
To make a prediction based on present evidence.
To express intention. Intention before the time of speaking.
I'm going to visit Terry today.
The sun's going down, It's going to be dark in half an hour.
To describe arrangements.
to talk about plans when they have been made.
informal and commonly used for social activities.
I'm meeting Barrack for a beer tomorrow.
a) I'm going to visit my aunt in hospital tomorrow.
b) I'm visiting my aunt in hospital tomorrow.
What is the emphasis on in a)?
What is the emphasis on in b)?
a) Look at the spaceship coming down. It's going to land in a minute.
b) Look at the spaceship coming down. It's landing in a minute.
Which one is correct and which is not possible? Why?
Both sentences are correct and the difference is very small.
a) emphasis is on the intention.
b) emphasis on the arrangement.
Sentence a) is correct but sentence b) is not possible.
We do not use the present continuous to make a prediction based on present evidence.
I Will go
To make a statement of fact or a prediction about the future.
I'll be there tomorrow.
Tonight's pro gramme will be very interesting
To make formal announcements for future places or to present weather forecasts. Used in newspaper, radio and on T.V:
The new spaceman will move into the space station tomorrow.
Meteor showers will continue throughout the day.
To express hopes, expectations, thought about the future.
I expect they'll bring more fuel.
I doubt they'll travel at the speed of light.
To express intention at the time of speaking.
There isn't any rocket fuel left.
Oh, isn't there? I'll get some from the fuel stop on Mars.
Used to refer to the future in clauses of time and condition, e.g. after if, unless, when as soon as, until, before, after, by the time
We'll phone you when we get there.
Please wait here until I get back.
And after everything, anything, whatever, it is important, etc:
Everything that you say will be recorded.
You will do whatever I ask you to.
To refer to future events when the event is part of a fixef timetable. Itinerary etc.
The flight leaves at 6 o'clock in the morning.
Use: To describe an activity that will be in progress at a point in the future:
This time tomorrow we'll be sitting on a rocket.
To describe an activity that will cover the whole of the future time period.
I'll be working in the office all evening.
To describe a future event without expressing deliberate intention.
Sue: Oh dear, I haven't given Ben that book back.
Joe: That's all right. I'll be seeing him at the club tonight so i'll give it to him for you.
The activity of seeing Ben is not an express intention but will happen when Joe goes to the music club.
To describe what we assume someone else is doing at this moment.
Don't phone her now. It's 4 o'clock and she'll be collecting the children from school.
Will future: express intention, belief, hope, assumption and willingness.
Future continuous: indicates future activity or event but does not express willingness or intention.
The future perfect simple to say that, at a certain time in the future, something will be completed and be in the past. It is often used with by + time reference:
I'll have finished this book by tomorrow.
We use the future perfect simple and continous with for to talk about the duration of an activity or state up to a time in the future:
We'll have lived here for two years in June.
We use the future continuous to describe an activity leading up to a time in the future:
They might be tired when you see them because they'll have been working hard.