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On Morphology

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Deida Perea

on 22 September 2014

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Transcript of On Morphology

Classifying elements
Comparison and segmentation: internal constituent parts of a word.
Helpful diagram to distinguish morpheme types
Same or different?
Hierarchical Structure of Derived Words
Input: part of speech to which an affix may attach, e.g. able to verbs but not to nouns; adjustable but not to peopleable
On Morphology
Free morphemes: words by themselves (cat, dog, book, walk, any others?)
Bound morphemes: pre, in, un, de, ing, any others?
Morphology: words and word formation
Mental dictionary: internalized
Only few instances of inflection in English
Part of speech
Root: stem
adding affixes
Different grammatical forms of words:
Forms of words, not entirely new words
Simple words
Some roots cannot stand by themselves:
infer, confer, refer, defer, prefer and transfer, what's the root? can it stand by itself?
Content morphemes
Semantic content: identifiable meaning
Different part of speech
Different grammatical function
Function morpheme
Example: green--greenish
Example: That boy
Derivational affix
Output: words formed after the derivational affix, create same part of speech, e.g. breakable, debatable, adjectives, any other examples?
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