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Transcript of J.R.R. Tolkien
“Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky,
Seven for the Dwarf-lords in halls of stone,
Nine for Mortal Men, doomed to die,
One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.
One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them,
One Ring to bring them all and in the darkness bind them.
In the Land of Mordor where the Shadows lie.”
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings
Full name: John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
Born: January 3rd, 1892
Place of Birth: Bloemfontein, South Africa
Father- Arthur Reuel Tolkein (English bank manager)
Mother- Mabel Tolkein
Younger brother- Hilary Arthur Reuel
-Moves to Hamlet of Sarehole in Birmingham, England.
-Mother dies in 1904.
-J.R.R. and brother lived with Catholic priest, Fr. Francis Xavier Morgan.
King Edward’s school, Birmingham
St. Phillip's Grammar School for Boys
Personal Life: Marriage
Spouse: Edith Mary Bratt
Engaged: January 1913
Married: March 22, 1916
-John Francis Reuel Tolkien
-Michael Hilary Reuel Tolkien
-Christopher John Reuel Tolkien
-Priscilla Mary Anne Reuel Tolkien
"Those friends who knew Ronald and Edith Tolkien over the years never doubted that there was deep affection between them. It was visible in the small things, the almost absurd degree in which each worried about the other's health, and the care in which they chose and wrapped each other's birthday presents."
Faculty at University of Leeds
Professor at Oxford University
-Regarded as Children’s book
-Genre: Fantasy novel
The Lord of the Ring Trilogy
The Fellowship of the Ring
The Two Towers
The Return of the King
-New York Herald Tribune: Best Juvenile story of the season
-Keith Barker Millennium Book Award Winner (2000)
-Books for Keep: Most Important 20th-Century Novel (for Older Readers)
-1957: International Fantasy Award
-1999: Amazon poll “ Favorite Book of the Millennium”
-2003: BBC survey “Nation’s Best loved Book”
-Not pretentious, very straightforward
-Due to many cultures in the book, there are great distinctions of language between each culture.
EX: Elves vs. Hobbits
-New languages created
Ex: Elvish, Language of the Orcs
-Good vs. evil
-Show of grace & pity
-Death & Immortality
Mythology Influences (Characters)
-Germanic + Norse (Scandinavian) Mythology
-Possibly Celtic (Iron Age) mythology
-Anglo Saxons (Germanic Tribes)
-Elves & Dwarfs
-Sudden approach of war (based upon countryside in Lancashire)
-World War I (despair)
-Advancement of Weapon technology
-Communism + Dictatorship
Science Fiction + Fantasy
-George Lucas’ Star Wars alludes to Lord of the Rings: Endor (elvish for "Middle-Earth")
Gatsby's American Dream
The White Rider
The Loss of Silence
Nightfall in Middle Earth
"Father of Modern Fantasy"
-Retired in 1959 (age 67)
-Steadily received public fame and attention.
-Moved to Bournemouth (British upper middle class)
-Wife Edith died in 1971
-Death: September 2nd, 1973 (age 81)
Edith Mary Tolkien
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
-Director: Peter Jackson
-Movie Location: New Zealand
-Lord of the Rings Trilogy
-The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey (2012)
-The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (2013)
-The Hobbit: The Battle of Five Armies (2014)
1) Started "The Inkling"
2) Did not win Nobel Prize due to "Poor Prose"
"A single dream is more powerful than a thousand realities.”
― J.R.R. Tolkien
3) Could read at the age of 4
4) Enlisted as Lieutenant in World War I
-Extremely descriptive writer
-Very good storyteller
-Plot is very intriguing
Book Recommendations for Fantasy Readers
-Read at least one Tolkien book