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Black Power Movement Timeline
Transcript of Black Power Movement Timeline
By: Hanna and Maria
The March on Washington
On August 28th, 1963 over 200,000 american citizens gathered in the streets on Washington for a political rally for jobs and freedom.
October 1963, In Mississippi the Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee (SNCC) or gained a "Freedom Vote", the goal was to show the desire of blacks to vote and hopefully gain some SNCC publicity,100 white students volunteered to help with the campaign, the program was successful;80,000 blacks registered to vote on the mock election. This event is important because in Mississippi a place where blacks were treated awful and it was herder to accept equality and having 80,000 blacks being able to vote is pretty amazing.
November 22nd 1963 president John F. Kennedy is assassinated and Lyndon Johnson takes his place as president.
Signing of the civil rights act:
Malcolm X Assassinated
February 21st 1965 Malcolm X was assassinated, he believed that if it took any means necessary to get blacks and whites equal it should be done.
March 26th 1965 President Johnson declared an investigation into the Ku Klux Klan and 4 members of the party were arrested. This was important because they were white supremacists and acting on that was a step forward into an equal world.
"Voting Rights Act"
On August 6th, 1965 President Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act, which prohibits the use of literacy tests, gives the federal government the power to register voters, and forbids changes to voting procedures without federal approval.This was the goal that so many leaders tried to achieve and this one of the battles for equality that was won!
Stokley Carmichael is elected national chairman of SNCC. He announces that SNCC will no longer send white organizers into black communities, and will move away from nonviolent . It looks like he's going the same path as Malcolm X. Violence just brings more violence, plus not sending white students to black communities won't help equality or overcome whites point of view.
President Lyndon Johnson signed the civil rights act on July 2nd 1964. The act prohibited segregation in public areas and promoted equal employment opportunity for all people.
Mar 24, 1972
"Hiring Discrimination Prohibited"
The Equal Employment Opportunity Act is passed, prohibiting discrimination in hiring. This is important to the Black Power movement because it meant that blacks couldn't be denied so easily to apply for work and have a bigger chance at winning maybe a case in court.
Nov 5, 1968
"First African-American Congresswoman"
Shirley Chisholm becomes the first African-American woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Chisholm called for an end to British arms sales to South Africa and proposed funding to extend the hours of child care facilities to include working mothers of middle- and low- income families.She became an inspiriting to other woman and black American people that it it possible to make it to politics and demonstrated that Blacks are NOT dumb.
Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) began working for the NAACP (The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) in 1938. He helped destroy Jim Crow segregation. He was an attorney in many several school segregation cases in the states, fighting to get rid of segregation.
Malcolm X was a spokes person for the Nation of Islam. He supported the idea of blacks as equals. He believed that whatever it took for them to be equal should be done. He was killed in February 1965 by members of the nation of islam after he left.
Martin Luther King Jr: born on January 15 1929, little did we know he would become an important leader. He led the Rosa Parks Bus Boycott, and many other Non-violent protest that made a lot of change. Martin Luther King Jr. Is also famous for his "I have a dream" speech that over 250,000 people heard on 1963.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy: Being the youngest man to be elected to office became the 35th president of the United State,he also was the first ever catholic president. Under John F. Kennedy's administration, laws were put in place to end segregation in interstate travel facilities. John F. Kennedy helped the "Area Redevelopment Act" to happen to reduce the unemployment rate in some states.