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Emergency Prepardness

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Sergio Rodriguez

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of Emergency Prepardness

Southwest Key Emergency Preparedness
What to do in a Natural Disaster or any other emergency
The situations that trigger an Evacuation and how to evacuate
The benefits of being prepared for a possible disaster
Learn about the Types of Disasters
Chemical Emergency
Hazardous Material
Fire Emergency
Fire Stats

Fire is the fifth leading unintentional cause of injury and death in the United States…it also ranks as the first cause of death for children under the age of 15 at home.
Each year more than 35,000 Americans die and more than 25,000 are injured in Fires.
What To Do Before a Fire
Test Smoke Alarms & Fire Sprinklers

Know Escape Routes

Know what common house hold liquids are flammable: bleach, ammonia, disinfectants, carpet freshener, air freshener, window cleaner, furniture polish are just a few
What To Do During a Fire
If you are on Fire Stop drop and roll

Check closed doors for heat before you open them

Crawl low under any smoke- heavy smoke gathers first along ceilings

Call 911 once you are in a safe location
What To Do After a Fire
What to do before a flood
Contact community officials to find out if you are in a flood zone

Install check valves in sewer traps to prevent floodwater from backing up into the drains
During a Flood
If a flood is in your area, you should:

Listen to the radio or TV for information
Be aware that flash flooding can occur
Never walk through moving water

If you must evacuate, you should:

Secure your home
Turn off Breaker box and disconnect electrical appliances

After a Flood

Listen for news reports to learn weather the community's water supply is safe

Avoid flood waters;water may be contaminated

Stay away from down power lines

Return home only when authorities indicate it is safe

Clean and disinfect everything that got wet
Before a Hurricane
You should take the following measures:

Make plans to secure your property

Make sure you have a evacuation route

Cover all windows with ply board

Trim all trees and shrubs around your home

Make sure to buy batteries, clean water supply and non perishable foods
During a Hurricane
Listen to Radio or TV

Secure your home, close storm shutters, and secure outdoor objects or bring them indoors

Turn off utilities if instructed to do so

Turn off propane tanks

Avoid using the phone, except for serious emergencies

Ensure a supply of water for sanitary purpose such as cleaning and flushing toilets
When should you evacuate
If you are directed by local authorities

When ORR asks us to leave

If you live in a mobile home

If you live in a high-rise building- hurricane winds are stronger at higher elevations

If you live on the coast, near a river or in a inland waterway

If you feel that you are in danger
If you are with a burn victim or a burn victim yourself call 911; cool and cover burns to reduce chance of further injury or infection

Stay away from buildings until building inspector says it is ok to reenter

Chemical Emergencies
Storing Hazardous Chemicals Safely:
Keep products containing hazardous materials in their original containers and never remove the labels unless the container is corroding
Never store hazardous products in food containers
Never mix household hazardous chemicals with other products. Chemicals such as chlorine bleach and ammonia, may react, ignite or explode
Precautions to prevent and respond to accidents:
Follow the manufacture's instructions for the proper use of the household chemicals
Never smoke while using household chemicals
Never use cleaning solutions, paint products or pesticides near an open flame. Vapor particles in the air could catch fire or explode
Clean up chemical spill immediately. Use rags to clean up the spill. Wear gloves and eye protection
Dispose of the rags by placing them in a sealed plastic bag in your trash can
Dispose of hazardous materials correctly
Post the number of the emergency medical services and poison control by all telephones
Find MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets Guide Book
During Household Chemical Emergency
If there is a danger of fire or explosion get out of the residence immediately. Do not waste time collecting items or calling the fire department when you are in danger. Call the fire department when you are outside and away from danger.
Recognize Symptoms of toxic poisoning:

Difficulty Breathing
Irritation of the eyes, skin, throat or respiratory tract
Changes in skin color
Headaches or blurred vision
Clumsiness or lack of coordination
Cramps or Diarrhea
Poison Control Center
1 (800) 222-1222
What to do Before an Earthquake
Six Ways to Plan Ahead:

Check for Hazards in the Facility
Identify Safe places indoors and outdoors
Educate yourself and staff members
Have disaster supplies on hand
Develop an emergency communication plan
Help you community get ready
What to do During a Earthquake
Minimize your movement to a few steps to a near by safe place and stay indoors until the shaking has stopped and you are sure exiting is safe.
If Indoors During a Earthquake:

Drop to the ground; take cover by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and hold on until the shaking stops
Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and anything that could fall
Use a door way for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and you know it is strongly supported
Stay inside until shaking stops
Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on
DO NOT use elevators
If Outdoors
Stay there.
Move away from buildings,street lights,and utility wires
Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly out side buildings, at exists,and alongside exterior walls.
If in a moving vehicle

Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. avoid stopping near or under buildings ,trees,overpasses,and utility wires.
Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. avoid roads,bridges,or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.

If Trapped Under Debris

Do not light a match
Do not move or kick up dust
Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing.
Tap on a pip or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if one is available. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust .
What to do After an earthquake
Expect aftershocks.These secondary shock waves are usually less violet than the main quake. But can be strong enough to do additional damage to weaken structures.
Listen to battery-operated radio or television. Listen for the later emergency information.
Use the telephone only for emergency calls
Stay away from damaged areas. Stay away unless your assistance has been specifically requested.
After Earthquake continued
Help injured or trapped persons
Clean up spilled medicines, bleaches, gasoline or other flammable liquids immediately
Inspect utilities: Check for gas leaks, electrical damage, sewage and water line damage
Returning Home
ORR will notify us when it is safe for the children to return to the facility

Food and other Supplies

Water and Sewage System

Roof and Foundation Cracks

Natural Gas

Terrorism is the use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of the criminal laws of the United States for purpose of intimidation, coercion or ransom.
Bomb Threat
If you receive a telephone bomb threat, you should do the following:
When is the bomb going to explode?
Where is it right now?
What does it look like?
What kind of bomb is it?
What will cause it to explode?
Where did you place the bomb?
What is your name?
Try and keep the caller on the line and record everything that is said.

Notify the police and building management
During an Explosion
If there is an explosion you should:
Get under a sturdy table or desk if things are falling around you
Leave the building as quickly as possible
Do not use elevators
Once you are out:
Do not stand in front of windows, glass doors or other potentially hazardous areas
Move away from sidewalks or streets to be used by emergency officials or other still existing buildings
If you are trapped in debris:
If possible, use a flashlight to signal you relocation to rescuers
Avoid unnecessary movement so you don't kick up dust
Cover your nose and mouth with anything you have on hand
If possible whistle to signal rescuers
Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause a person to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.
After an Emergency

Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are are in immediate danger of death or further injury
If the victim is not breathing, carefully position the victim for CPR
Maintain body temperature it blankets
Never try to feed liquids to an unconscious person
Aiding the injured
Be aware of exhaustion. Don't try too much at once
Drink plenty of clean water, eat well and wear sturdy work boots and gloves
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water often when working in debris
Safety Issues
Be aware of new safety issues created by the disaster. Watch for washed out roads, contaminated buildings, contaminated water, gas leaks, broken glass, damaged electrical wiring and slippery floors
Evacuation Plans

Always: keep a full tank of gas in your car if an evacuation seems likely
Plan to take one car per family
Gather your family and go of you are instructed to evacuate
Let others know where you are going. Leave early enough to avoid being trapped in traffic
Follow evacuation routes. Do not take short cuts; they may be blocked
Be alert for washed-out roads and bridges
Do not drive into flooded areas
Stay away from downed power lines
How to get ready?

Once you have developed your plan, you need to practice and maintain it

Conduct drills

Test fire alarms

Replace and update disaster supplies
What to do before a Hazardous Material Incident
Many communities have Local Emergencies Planning Committees whose responsible include collecting information about hazardous materials in the community and making this information available to the public upon request
You should add the following supplies to your disaster kit:
Plastic sheeting
Duct tape
If you are asked to evacuate?
Do so immediately

Stay tuned to a radio station or television for information on evacuation routes

Follow routes recommended by the authorities

Take pre-assembled disaster supplies

Remember to help your neighbors who may require special assistance
If you are caught outside
Stay upstream, uphill and upwind! In general, try to go at least one-half mile from the danger area.

Don't walk into or touch any spilled liquids, airborne mists or condensed solid chemicals deposits. Try not to inhale gases, fumes and smoke.

Stay away from accidents victims until the hazards materials has been identified
If you are in a motor vehicle
Stop and seek shelter in a permanent building. If you must remain in your car, keep car windows and vents closed and shut off the air conditioner and heater
What to do after a Hazardous Material Incident
Return home when authorities say it is safe

Follow decontamination instructions from local authorities

Seek medical treatment for unusual symptoms as soon as possible

Place exposed clothing and shoes in tightly sealed containers

Advise everyone who comes in to contact with you that you may have been exposed to a toxic substance
Report lingering vapors or other hazards to your local emergency office
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