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Philippine Cartoons: Political Caricature of the American Era, 1900-41
Philippine political cartoons gained full expression during the American era. Filipino artists recorded national attitudes toward the coming of the Americans as well as the changing mores and times. While the 377 cartoons compiled in this book speak for themselves, historian Alfred McCoy’s extensive research in Philippine and American archives provides a comprehensive background not only to the cartoons but to the turbulent period as well
by Alfred W. Mccoy
ALFRED W. MCCOY
Birth: 1945, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Citizenship: United States of America.
Dr Alfred W. McCoy is professor of SE Asian History at the U. of Wisconsin at Madison where he also serves as director of the Center for SE Asian Studies.
He's spent the past quarter-century writing about the politics & history of the opium trade.
Philippine Catholic Mass Media Award, Best Book of the Year for 1985.
Philippine National Book Award for History, 1986.
Gintong Aklat Award (Manila), Special Citation for History, 1987.
Depicts the first of manila's periodic police scandals
The cartoonist, Fernando Amorsolo, gives the illustration a usual racist edge
The cartoon's caption, "New Bird of Prey" is an allusion to the most famous libel case in the history of Philippine Journalism.
Like many nationalists of his day, Vince Sotto, the publisher of the INDEPENDENT, never missed a chance to attack the catholic church
The editorial below this cartoon urged the government to confiscate the large priest's residence attached to Santa Cruz parish church.
Built on a swamp and ringed with streams and ponds, Manila is a natural breeding ground for malarial mosquitoes
The Board of Health distributed millions of doses of quinine and eliminated mosquito breeding grounds by filling up the standing water holes or by spraying them with petroleum.
The Philippine Assembly
passed a law authorizing all legislators, active or retired, to bear forearms.
The Manila press
was outraged, but the legislators ignored the opposition and promulgated the law over the screams of protest
The Free press denounces the proliferation of illegal taxis called
Automobiles crowded into Manila's narrow streets
in growing numbers, and police failing to control traffic, the Free press had some gloomy thoughts.
Manila sinks into a miasma of corruption, vice and mismanagement.
Political Thuggery escalates members of the Council running for re-election mobilize the city's gangsters to coerce voters
After only 15 years of party politics, the corruption of the political process had become apparent by the early 1920's
In 1926, the future of Mindanao became one of the key issues in the Philippines-American relations. American imperialists exploited the tensions to advocate partition of the Philippines and a permanent American protector for Mindanao.
This cartoon published in 1928 show Juan de la Cruz as a beast of burden bearing a crushing load of taxes and jobholders.
Vicente Sotto, publisher of the Independent was also a conservative moralist. He seemed to feel that the Philippines could not win independence until the Filipinos had shaped a national character capable of bearing that burden.
The Loyalty of the Filipinos was published on April 14, 1917 only ten days after the US Congress declared war on Germany and America entered the conflict. The artist Fernando Amorsolo draws a wise, handsome, Uncle Sam leading little Juan, loyal and smiling on the road to war.
A sudden and unexpected credit crisis threatens the Negros Sugar crop and planters repsond by lobbying Governor-General Francis B. Harrison for relief. Fueled by free access to the American sugar market and liberal credit from the newly established Philippine National Bank, the Negros sugar industry grew rapidly during World War I.
When Manila emerged as the national center for university education during the 1920's, the annual March ritual of the city wise student returning home to his village and was played outing barrios across the archipelago.
Having survived the shock of transition from country to city, he could now return home, urbane and smartly dressed, to reap the reward of admiration and envy.
Brother's under the skin
- urges Filipinos to end social conflict and deal with each other fairly.
The Devil's brood
- the tenant farmers in Pangasinan have protested their treatment and dock and sugar mill workers in Western Visayas have mounted a general strike, the largest in Philippine History.
A Sovietized Philippines
- the Socialist Party leader Perdo Abad Santos stated " If it were possible for the Soviet Union to intervene in the Philippines, such intervention, I am sure, would be welcomed by the working class"
Law and Order Democracy's Greatest Bulwark
- supports a recent speech on the floor of the Assemble by representative Fausto F. Gonzales-Sioco attacking the rampant crime, political assassination and communist class agitation in his home province.
Demobilized American Soldiers
filled the insular civil service and American corporations won the major development projects, Filipino nationalists saw themselves becoming economic aliens in their own land.
When Filipinos began winning civil service appointments after 1913 they found themselves facing serious discrimination in both wages and positions.
Francis b. Harrison the liberal Governor General reed the pro; American hiring policies of the Taft Era(1900-12) and began the "Filipinization" of the civil service.
American Worker- Filipino Worker
- refers not to a ten fold difference in Filipino and American manual wages within the colony, but to a more fundamental inequality - the difference in wages and working conditions between the two countries.