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Leading

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ana demidova

on 2 October 2013

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Transcript of Leading

*
what's coming ahead
What does leadership and leaders mean?
Issues of diversity
Globalisation
Dominant model of leadership
Developing leaders in organisations in the 21st century

Globalization
Diversity
Developing leaders in organisations in the 21st century
leaders
-people who are able to influence others and who possess managerial authority.

Leadership

- the ability to influence a group towards the achievement of goals.
Main qualities
drive
the desire to lead
honesty and integrity
self- confidence
intelligence
job relevant knowledge
What is Diversity?
Acknowledging, accepting, valuing differences among people with respect to age, ethnicity, gender, mental ability.
Issues of Diversity
* Miscommunication
* Resistance to change
* Prejudice
* Hiring based on race
* Personnel losses
Gender
Increasing Representation in Labor Force:
* Dual income families
* single working mother

Lack of Representation as Chief
executive officer (CEO):
* Role and contribution marginalized
* Focused on interpersonal skills
* Glass-Ceiling effect
Ethnicity
DIVERSITY IS CRITICAL FOR SUCCESS
Increase: Marketing Opportunities
Productivity
Business Image
Diversify:Behaviors
Attitudes
Responses
Competitive advantage

Amazon:
Key to success is bringing together a talented and diverse group of people
Tools to increase diversity
* Recognition of biases
* Capability to change
* Development and implementation of training
* Discrimination Act
Why do we need diversity?
Globalisation
* Countries more ethnically diverse
* Consumers on global market

Changing Roles of Leadership:
* Recognize ways workplaces are changing
* Skills to manage diversity
* Teach value of multicultural differences
Globalisation is increasing diversity as a result of immigration
Leaders from a Minority Background
Theories of Leadership
Trait Theory
Describe the types of behavior and personality associated with effective leadership.
Trait Leaders include:
* Drive
* Leadership motivation
* Emotional stability
* Cognitive ability
Contingency Theory
This theory states that there is no one best style of leadership. Instead, a leader's effectiveness is based on the situation.
Identifying Leadership Style
* Least-Preferred Co-Worker (LPC) Scale is use to measure leadership style

* Low LPC-leaders: very effective completing tasks

* High-LPC leaders: good avoiding managing conflict
Functional Theory
Theory for addressing specific leader behaviors expected to contribute to organizational effectiveness.
Behavior Theory
Current Labor Makeup (USA)
Ethnicity
Non- Hispanic Whites - 64%
Hispanic - 16%
African American - 12%
Asian - 5%
Gender
Gender and Ethnicity and Race at Boardroom Levels
Ethnicity
* Non-Hispanic white - 95.8%
* Asian - 1.8%
* Hispanic - 1.2%
* African American - 0.8%
Gender
Fortune 500 Companies
source: diversityinc
Source: diversityinc
Source: diversityinc
Source: diversityinc
Increasing Representation in Labor Force:
* Immigration
* Equal Employment Opportunity

Lack of Representation as CEO:
* Western-centric
* Masculine domination
* Privileged leadership
* Barrack Obama - US President
* Oprah Winfrey - Talk Show Host
* Angela Merkel - Chancellor of Germany
* Julia Gillard - Prime Minister
of Australia
* Gina Rinehart - Mining Tycoon
Globalization

Globalisation can be defined as the increasing economic and financial integration of economies around the world.

This includes all production, trade, financial flows, investment, technology, labor and economic behavior in nations and between nations.
Why Do Businesses Go Global?
Become
* Globally Recognized
* Market leader
* Competitive internationally
* Diverse





Increase
* Productivity
* Assets in foreign markets
* Cash in hand
* Market Share
* Customers
What does Global Leadership Mean?
International Partnerships
Targeting
Global markets
Embracing Diversity
Creating competitive technology
Managing
Awareness
Flexibility
Building customers
Challenges of Global Leadership
* Communication with employees
* Different styles of leaderships
* Understanding global customers
* Managing hierarchy
* Keeping teams focused
* Tapping into local resources
* Establishing trust
* Creating a demand
* Developing insight
* Adversity


How?
What?
Why?
What?
Utilising human resources creatively and effectively

Creating potential reserve of senior and top managers

Advancing leadership skills among chief executives
Why?
Improve organisational performance, aims and mission

Attain organisational goals efficiently and effectively
Examples of Great Global Leaders
CEO : Timothy D. Cook
Company : Apple
Countries : 14
Employees: 72,800
Market Share: +359
CEO: Jeffrey p. Bezos
Company: Amazon
Countries : Worldwide
Employees : 88,400
Market share: +111
CEO: Yun Jong Yong
Company: Samsung
Electronics
Countries: World Wide
Employees: 221,726
Market Share: +128
CEO: John Donahoe
Company: Ebay
Countries: Worldwide
Employees: 22,770
Market Share: +40
CEO: Muhtar Kent
Company: Coca Cola
Countries: Worldwide
Employees: 146,200
Market Share: +26
CEO: Jean-Paul Agon
Company: Loreal
Countries: Worldwide
Employees: 66,620
Market share: 12%
How to create Global Leaders
* Encouraging Innovation and Change
* Developing and training employees
* Exposing staff to different cultures
* Allowing teamwork and team projects
* Hiring different individuals
* Keeping up to date with market trends
* Studying other great global leaders
How?
Identification of potential leaders

Training and Developing leadership skills

Encouraging and promotion of preeminent employees
The best way to predict leadership success is to concentrate on studying leader's behavior.
Periodical accreditation

Competitions

Interaction with employees
Who can be a leader? Who wants to be a leader?
Different Leadership Styles
* Bureaucratic
* Charismatic
* Autocratic
* Democratic
* Servant
* Task-oriented
* Transformational
* Laissez-faire (let do)
Characteristic of a Effective Style of Leader
* Vision
* Passion and Self-sacrifice
* Confidence, determination and persistence
* Image-building
* Role-modeling
Situational Favorableness
Depends on 3 factors:
* Leader-Member Relation: trust and confidence
* Task Structure:
type of task
* Leader's Position Power: amount of power
Developing leadership skills
Developing leadership skills
* Enhance duties, freedom in making decisions

* Delegate more responsibilities

* Give an opportunity to choose the project

* Workshops and Trainings

* Leadership development programs

* Scholarship for educational programs
promotion
Remuneration
Increase in wages
Encouraging
Find
* Better employees
* Cheaper resources
* Economies of Scale




Enhances
* A global image
* Profitability
* Reputation
* Product innovation
* Quality & Quantity
(data of the Year 2012)
"Travel where you will, anywhere in the world, and you will encounter Coca-Cola on clothes, in signs, on packaging, in art
-everywhere."
JUDITH EVANS
Functions to promote effectiveness:
* Environmental monitoring
* Organizing subordinate activities
* Teaching and coaching subordinates
* Motivating others
* Intervening actively in the other's group work
Dominant
Model
Dominant leaders are characterized by an authority that gives the power of control in the decision making process.
References
Thank you for
attention
Issues of diversity and the pressures of globalization no longer make it sensible to subscribe to a dominant model of leadership.

What should global companies have to consider in developing leaders for the 21st century?
TOPIC
TEAM
* Anna Demidova
* Hayden Mullaney
* Katherine Herrera
* Manisha Shah
1.Developing leaders. (2006). Retrieved from State servece authority: http://www.ssa.vic.gov.au/products/view-products/developing-leaders.html2.Donnellan, C. (2002). Globalisation. Cambridge: Independence.3.Eagly, A. H., & Chin, J. L. (2010). Diversity and Leadership in a Changing World. American Psychologist. 216-2244.Green, K. A., Lopez, M., Wysocki, A., & Kepner, K. (2008). Diversity in the Workplace: Benefits, Challenges, and the Required Managerial Tools. University of Florida5.Gupta, A., and Vijay Govindarajan. (2004). Global strategy and organisation. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons.6.Guinness, P. (2003). Globalisation. London: Hodder & Stoughton.7.Kathryn Bartol, M. T. (2008). Management: a Pacific Rim Focus (5th Edition ed.). Sydney: McGraw Hill.8.Kim James, J. B. (n.d.). Leadership Development: Best Practice Guide for Organisations. Retrieved from Q3: http://www.q3.ca/articles/archives/articles/02-01-2006/Ldsp_Dev_Best_Practice.pdf9.Leadership Development. (n.d.). Retrieved from Rotary International: http://www.rotary.org/RIdocuments/en_pdf/250.pdf* Shelly A. Kirkpatric, E. A. (1991)10. Leadership: Do traits really matter? Academy of Management Executive.11.Psychology, J. o. (n.d.). Manohj Sharma. Retrieved from Manohj Sharma: http://manojsharma.com/are-you-an-institutional-dominant-or-persuaive-leader/12.Stephen P. Robbins, R. B. Management (Vol. 2). French Forest, Sydney: Pearson Education Australia Pty Limited.13.Schein, E. (1985). Organizational culture and leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.14.Vector Study. (2012, July 28). Retrieved from Vector Study: http://vectorstudy.com/management-topics/theories-of-leadership
"The key to successful leadership today is influence, not authority."
Kenneth Blanchard
Executive Summary
(Stephen P. Robbins)
(developing leaders, 2006)
(Kim James)
Full transcript