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Transcript of Greek Gods
Athena the Greek Goddess
Zeus the King of the Gods
Zeus is described as being strong and imposing with long curly hair (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).
Aphrodite the Goddess of Love
Greek God mythologies are a fascinating exploration into the history of Ancient Greece. What we have learnt through our research is that the mythologies behind the Greek Gods vary from tale to tale. Whilst we endeavour to bring you correct information, the differing accounts of these stories needs to be taken into account when assessing credibility. The conflicting accounts of the mythologies were resolved through finding enough credible sources that cited a common theme amongst the stories. Through these similarities we were able to piece together information that was significant and plausible.
Symbols & Objects
Athena's father, Zeus, is said to have pursued Athena's Mother, Metis until she relented. They married and Metis fell pregnant. A prophecy predicted Metis would give birth to a son, who would overrule Zeus. As a result of this prophecy, Zeus swallowed Metis. Nine months later, Zeus had an excruciating pain in his head. The other gods game to see what the commotion was about and one of the gods, Hephaestus, split open Zeus's head, whereby he gave birth to a fully grown Athena (Atsma, 2011).
Athena is said to be the goddess of numerous things. More commonly the goddess of war, wisdom and crafts. Athena's father is said to be Zeus, King of the Gods is her father, and her mother is Zues’s first wife, Metis (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).
Athena is believed to have many half siblings from all of her father’s affairs (Goddess-Guide.com, 2015).
Athena did not marry or have any children of her own. She did however, become a foster parent to a child, after a man attempted to rape Athena, however his seed fell to the earth and a child, Erichthonius was born (Goddess-Guide.com, 2015).
Pontikis, N (1995)., The Myth Man,. (1995). Athena [Image]. Retrieved on 10 May 2015, from http://www.majorolympians.com/athena14.jpg
Takazart (2014), Hermitage Winter Palace Petersburg Zeus Hall [Image]. Retrieved on 10 May 2015, from hhtp://pixabay.com/en/hermitage-winter-palace-petersburg-196380
William. (2005). Darker Aphrodite [Image]. Retrieved on 10 May 2015, from: https://www.flickr.com/photos/symbol/36126130
HellSenshiNoir (2013). Zeus [image]. Retrieved on 10 May 2015, from hhtp://HellSenshiNoir.devianart.com/art/Zeus-376446069
Atsma, A.J. (2011).
Athena : Greek Goddess of Wisdom, Crafts & War | Mythology, Athene
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Atsma, A. J. (2011).
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Cartwright, M., Cartwright, M., Cartwright, M., Lloyd, J., Cartwright, M., & Cartwright, M. (2012).
Athena. Ancient History Encyclopedia
. Retrieved on 11 May 2015, from http://www.ancient.eu/athena/
Athena The Greek Goddess.
Retrieved 10 May 2015, from http://www.goddess-guide.com/athena.html
Greek Gods & Goddesses. (2014).
Athena • Facts and Information on Greek Goddess Athena
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Greek Mythology, Greek Gods, Greek Goddesses, Greek Myths
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Hatzitsinidou, E., (2014).
Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom in Greek Mythology
. Retrieved 10 May 2015, from http://www.greek-gods.info/greek-gods/athena/
Hatzitsinidou, E. (2014).
Aphrodite, Paris and the Golden Apple
. Retrieved on 13 May 2015, from: http://www.greek-gods.info/greek-gods/aphrodite/myths/aphrodite-paris-golden-apple/
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Athena - Ancient Greek Goddes
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Athena was born with a full suit of armour and is depicted as tall and slim, with grayed eyes. Dressed in full armour with an aegis made of goat skin surrounded by snakes. Carrying a long spear and a gold helmet upon her head. (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).
Athena, The Myth Man, (2015)
Symbols and objects associated with Athena are the sacred owl, depicting her wisdom. Another is an olive tree. Athena became the patron goddess of Athens are winning a battle against Poseidon by offering the Athenians an olive tree (GreekMythology.com, 2015).
Athena is also identified in many stories with a spear, a spindle for weaving and the aegis shield (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).
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Take a journey through Ancient Greek times as we discover the mythology behind Greek Goddesses Athena and Aphrodite, and Greek God Zeus.
To ensure the information provided to you is correct, each source has been evaluated for its credibility against Metzger’s (2007) suggested factors that influence credibility. All the information contained in each of the sources has been reviewed, and taken into account the date, data, references, author identification and source citations in an effort to ensure the credibility of the information provided.
Zeus's parents were Cronus and
Rhea, he had five siblings who were older than him. His brothers were Poseidon and Hades and sisters Hestia, Hera and Demeter. Zeus was renowned for his love affairs, being unfaithful to his wife Hera (his sister), the goddess of marriage and monogamy. He fathered children with not just Goddesses but also mortal women. With 33 children in total 4 of those where born to Hera, his wife. (Hatzitsinidou, 2014)
Symbols and objects
Zeus had a scepter, throne and
thunderbolt (a gift from the cyclopes). Zeus's tree was the oak tree with the eagle being his sacred animal (Hatzitsinidou, 2014)
Overthrowing his father Cronus from the throne, Zeus won a draw between himself and his brothers Poseidon and Hades to become supreme ruler of the Gods, lord of the sky and rain (greekmythology, 2015). He was the protector of people, watching over the whole community and the father of the Gods. (greekmythology, 2015) Being the 'Lord of Justice', Zeus punished those who lied or broke an oath. He was a fair God, striving for balance for all things (Hatzitsinidou, 2014). Zeus was responsible for the weather and when Zeus was angry the weather would become chaotic (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).
Symbols and Objects
Aphrodite, goddess of love, also known as the goddess of seduction, beauty, pleasure and happiness, and sex and procreation (Hatzitsinidou, 2014). Being the goddess of these qualities, she was very promiscuous and had many love affairs while she was married to the Olympian God of Iron Hephaestus, the most notable being with Ares - the God of War. It is unclear who fathered Aphrodite as there are two versions of her birth; the first being when the Titan Cronos slewed his father Ouranos, also a Titan and threw his genitals into the sea. It is said that Aphrodite arose from the crystal sea in a foam. In another account, Aphrodite is a daughter of Zeus and Dione (Atsma, 2011).
Aphrodite's symbols include a girdle, which she used the powers to impose love. Some of her other symbols are a seashell and a mirror (Hatzitsinidou, 2014). The seashell represents the way she was born and the mirror for her beauty.
One of the most beautiful gods, she exuded femininity and beauty. It is said that Aphrodite had a constant smile and beautifully curled eyelashes. She took pride in the way she dressed and always wore jewellery, while also using her beauty as a weapon (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).
It is rumoured that Aphrodite was the cause of the Trojan War (Atsma, 2011). This started when a goddess by the name of Eris was not invited to the marriage of King Peleus to Thetis, the sea Nymph. Eris decided to attend the wedding and threw a golden apple onto the banquet table. This apple was meant to go to the fairest one out of the wedding guests. Aphrodite was one of three goddesses that tried to claim the apple, the other two was Hera the Goddess of Marriage and Athena the Goddess of Wisdom. Zeus, King of the Gods chose Paris - a Trojan Prince to choose his fairest one. Aphrodite used her prowess to persuade him, this resulted in the beginning of the Trojan War, lasting for ten years (Hatzitsinidou, 2014).