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Transcript of The Odyssey
Based on your research, what gave life meaning for the Achaeans?
Menelaus shows the gift of hospitality when Telemachus insists he has overstayed his welcome and must go back to his men back in Pylos.
Main Points of Emphasis
Telemachus: A Journey of Character
By: Kelly, Justin, Jocelyn
Chapter 3: He Arrives
1. Telemachus arrived at Pylos.
2. Athena disguised as Mentor encouraged Telemachus.
3. Nestor tells what happened in the war at Troy and warns him about the suitors.
4. Athena flew away as an eagle and Nestor made a sacrifice for her.
5. Telemachus left Pylos for Sparta the next day.
Chapter 4: The King
& Queen of Sparta
Chapter 1: He Debuts
1. SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on The Odyssey.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.
2. Baldwin, Stanley P. CliffsNotes on The Odyssey. 25 Sep 2013
3. Smith, Nicole. "The Development of the Character Telemakhos in The Odyssey." Article Myriad. Article Myriad, 6 Dec. 2011. Web. 29 Sept. 2013. <http://www.articlemyriad.com/development-character-telemakhos/>.
Chapter 4: He Knows
Telemachus and Pisistratus travel to Sparta, where King Menelaus and Queen Helen are.
They celebrate for a night (wedding).
The next day, Menelaus tells his travels from Troy back home.
As they converse, the suitors plot Telemachus's death and Penelope weeps.
THIS IS SPARTA.
“Then I’ll give you a princely send-off- shining gifts, three stallions and a chariot burnished bright- and I’ll add a gorgeous cup…” (Fagles IX.662-664)
Theme: A Show of Speech
Telemachus shows his knowledge and tact in speech throughout the story. Both Homer and King Menelaus state this.
Chapter 1: He Debuts
The Odyssey begins in media res
First scene of Telemachus
His conversation with Athena
Scolding of Penelope
Scolding of suitors
Main theme: Courage
“Telemachus,summoning up his newfound tact, replied…” (Fagles IV.666-667)
“The lord of the warcry smiled,patted him with his hand and praised his guest, concluding,“Good blood runs in you, dear boy, your words are proof.” (Fagles IV.686-688)
Chapter 2: He Declares
Athena encourages him
Suitors taunt Telemachus further
Eurycleia is told of the journey
They set sail
Main theme: Trust
Telemachus shows that he wants to find his own identity because he went to Pylos to search for Odysseus to know if he really was his father.
We sailed the seas for this, for news of your father- where does he lie buried? What fate did he meet? (Fagles III.17-18)
In gods (ie. Athena) and father
The suitors are foils to Telemachus
Suitors, as of now, have the upper hand
"You must not cling to your boyhood any longer -
it's time you were a man." (1.341~2)
"Mother... told me I'm his son
but I am not so certain...
Now, think of the most unlucky mortal ever born" (1.248~254)
"I hold the reins of power in this house." (1.414)
"...And they all bit their lips,
amazed the prince could speak with so much daring. (1.438~9)
He's dead now, far from home -
would to god that you'd died with him too." (2.205~6)
"I'm sailing off...
for news of my long-lost [father].
...if I hear my father's alive and heading home,
... I'll brave out one more year."
Athena nurturing Telemachus' assertiveness and courage
Relationships should be built off trust
Identity is linked to one's standing in the world
Hospitality represents manners and well maintained relationships
Eloquence in speech shows education and the ability to gain advantages (show smarts).