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Transcript of Franz Liszt
Birthplace: Raiding, Hungary
Died: July, 31,1886
Location of death: Bayreuth, Germany
Cause of death: Pneumonia
Remains: Buried, Alter Friedhof, Bayreuth, Germany
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Composer, Pianist
Executive summary: Hungarian composer
Father: Adam Liszt
Mother: Anna Lagen
Wife: Marie d' Agoult
Girlfriend: George Sand (French Novelist)
Daughter: Cosima (wife and mistress of Richard Wagner) General Information Franz Liszt was an astounding Hungarian piano virtuoso and composer, who for 35 years continued to create piano forte pieces, songs, symphonic orchestral pieces, cantatas, masses and oratorios.
Franz Liszt has become one of the most inspiring figures in all of music history as he is considered by most as the greatest pianist of all time, Liszt's genius extended far past the piano to expand musical composition and performance. Franz Liszt was born to Adam Liszt and Marie Anna Lager on October 22nd, 1811 in the village of Doborján, Hungary.
His father, Ádám Liszt, was Hungarian and his mother Anna Lagen was Austrian.
Liszt's father played the piano, violin, cello, and guitar. He had been in the service of Prince Nikolaus II and knew Haydn, Hummel and Beethoven personally.
At age six, Franz began listening attentively to his father's piano playing and showed an interest in both sacred and Romani music.
Liszt displayed incredible talent at a young age, easily sight-reading multiple staves at once. His father, who worked at the court of Count Esterházy, gave him his first music lessons when he was six years old.
Franz began to compose at the age of eight. When only nine he made his first public appearance as a concert pianist in Bratislava, Slovakia. After the concert, a group of wealthy sponsors offered to finance Franz's musical education abroad.: After his father's death Liszt moved to Paris; for the next five years he lived with his mother in a small apartment.
He gave up touring, and to earn money, Liszt gave lessons in piano playing and composition, often from early morning until late at night. His students were scattered across the city and he often had to cross long distances. Because of this,
Liszt took up smoking and drinking. (habits continued throughout his life) In Paris In Paris, Liszst attended a concert by the virtuoso violinist Paganini and became motivated to become the greatest pianist of his day. He would go in his room, and he practiced for over 10 hours a day. In Germany In 1848, Liszt gave up public performances on the piano and went to Weimar, remaining there until 1861. During this period he acted as conductor at court concerts and on special occasions at the theatre. Liszt also gave lessons to a number of pianists, including the great virtuoso Hans von Bülow, who married his daughter Cosima in 1857. Love Life From 1835 to 1839 Franz Liszt lived with Marie Catherine Sophie. They had two daughters, Blandina (1835-1862) and Cosima (1837-1930), and one son, Daniel (1839-1859).
In 1847 Liszt met Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein. The couple had intended to get married in 1860, but since the Princess had been previously married and her husband was still alive, the Roman Catholic authorities would not approve the wedding. Liszt and Princess Carolyne remained friends, although Liszt never recovered from being unable to marry her.
In 1845 he fell in love with one of his pupils, Caroline de Saint-Cricq, the daughter of Charles the tenth’s minister of commerce. However, her father insisted that the affair be broken off. Liszt again fell ill (there was even an obituary notice of him printed in a Paris newspaper. In the end Franz Liszt retired to Rome in 1861.
From 1869 onwards, Liszt divided his time between Rome and Budapest where during the summer months he continued to teach students for free.
From 1876 until his death he also taught for several months every year at the Hungarian Conservatoire of Budapest.
On July 2, 1881, Liszt fell down the stairs of the Hotel in Weimar. His friends had noticed swelling in Liszt's feet and legs when he had arrived in Weimar the previous month, Liszt had up to this point been in reasonably good health. The accident, immobilized him for eight weeks.
A number of things started such as asthma, insomnia, a cataract of the left eye and chronic heart disease. The pnemonia eventually contributed to Liszt's death as he became increasingly plagued with feelings of despair and death, which also played a part in his music.
He died in Bayreuth, Germany, on July 31, 1886, at age 74, as a result of pneumonia which he may have contracted during the Bayreuth Festival hosted by his daughter Cosima.
It is believed that medical malpractice played a direct part in Liszt's death. Bet you didnt know: Franz Liszt invented the piano recital and master class, both indispensable to modern audiences and students respectively. He had perfect pitch, and was the first performer to play entirely from memory, thus forging today's standard.
Many do not know this but Liszt’s baptism record is in Latin and it lists his first name as Franciscus.
On April 13, 1823, Liszt gave a concert, and it is often said that the 53-year-old Ludwig van Beethoven gave him a kiss for his marvellous playing.
Local aristocrats noticed his talent and enabled him to travel to Vienna and later to Paris with his family. As a result, Liszt never fully learned Hungarian.
French was his preferred language.
He formed an early friendship with Frédéric Chopin, but later fierce competition turned the men into rivals. His Music His music evoked deep psychological and emotional impact, much more than what previously existed, and he opened new dimensions not only in the world of music, but in human thought as well.
Liszt was documented as being the first person to ever attempt using music as therapy after visiting sick patients in hospitals. The majority of Liszt's compositions breathe and flow with a human beat of passion rather than a robotic beat that occurred frequently. He was very widely read in philosophy, art and literature. Style & Influence The majority of Liszt's piano compositions reflect his advanced brilliance; however he was a creative composer, and wrote works at several levels of difficulty, some being accessible to intermediate and even beginner level pianists.
Although there was a period in which many considered Liszt's works "flashy" or superficial, it is now held that many of Liszt's compositions such as Nuages gris, Les jeux d'eaux a la vill d'Este, etc., which contain parallel fifths, the whole-tone scale, parallel diminished and augmented triads, and unresolved dissonances, anticipated and influenced twentieth century music like that of many others before him.
His piano works have always been well represented in concert programs and recordings by pianists throughout the world, and many of his works have been recorded.
To Franz Liszt's honor, both the Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music in Budapest which he founded, and the Liszt School of Music in Weimar have been named after him. Hungarian Rhapsody #2