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Preschool age nutrituion

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Kelsey Lewis

on 24 July 2013

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Transcript of Preschool age nutrituion

One in five caregivers reported that children are required to finish
everything on their plate before leaving the meal table most or all of the time.

Seventeen percent of caregivers reported eating or drinking less-healthy foods
(e.g., sweets, salty snacks, sugar-sweetened drinks) in front of the children.
Give children mixed messages, confusion, and the want to have those foods

More than half of caregivers reported they receive no annual training on nutrition.
No clue exactly what is important to feed children and the importance of certain foods

Only 47 percent of caregivers provided nutrition education for children by reading
books or playing games with nutrition themes.
Preschool nutrition
Nutritional needs
Compared to other stages
Between the ages of 2 and 5,
the average child grows about 2½ inches taller
How nutrition effects preschooler's
A well-balanced diet supports children’s growth and development. Providing children with nutritious foods helps them:
• Build a healthy body
• Develop good eating habits that will last a lifetime

Current nutritional issues for preschoolers
Failure to Thrive
refers to a child whose weight or weight gain is not in line with children of the same age
caused by chromosomes, abnormalities, poor diet
Food Refusal
dislike of certain colors or textures, some children are just picky
rule that the child must at least taste each food on her plate is a good way to work around this
Iron Deficiency (Anemia)
usually between the ages of 9 and 24 months, whose diet consists of a lot of milk and not a lot of iron-rich foods
baby foods should be rich in iron such as meats, fish, poultry, egg yolks, legumes
Preschoolers need a well-balanced diet that supplies the nutrients necessary to support their growth and development. Well-nourished children are ready to learn. Healthy and fit preschoolers are more likely to have the energy, stamina, and self-esteem needed to enhance their ability to learn

#1 Obesity (1 in 5 American 4-year-olds)
Poor diet
lack of physical activity are
obesity-prevention efforts begin in early childhood and have identified preventing obesity among young children
Fitness Affects
More than 21% of preschool children are
overweight or obese
Children who are obese have a greater likelihood of being obese in adulthood and developing heart disease, diabetes, and other chronic conditions
Children should be put into activity's early such as day care, community places, play dates, just things to keep them going
Avoid introducing your kids TV, Video Games and soda...BAD HABITS at an early age can be hard to break.
Major contributors to obesity
Some things to think about
Team B
How nutrition helps to prevent disease
Long-term outlook for this group in terms of longevity and quality of life
United States Department of Agriculture. (2013). Health and nutrition information
for preschoolers. Retrieved from
Resource for healthy eating for preschoolers
A Download that can help parents to know portion sizes for young ones.
The Website also helps by showing the best ways to cook food to allow the most nutritional value into their food.
Ward, MS, RD, E. (2013). Serve up good nutrition for preschool children.
Retrieved from
It is important to make calories count.

A young child's eating plan should consist mostly of healthy foods, such as lean meats, poultry, seafood, eggs, and legumes; whole grains, such as whole-wheat bread and cereals; at least two servings of dairy foods daily; and fresh or lightly processed fruits and vegetables.

Suggested alternatives for unhealthy food:
Couscous instead of white rice
Sweet potatoes for white potatoes
Canadian bacon for bacon
Mashed potatoes made with reduced-fat milk for french fries
Fig bars for high-fat cookies
Tube yogurt (freeze first for easier handling) for ice cream
Reduced-fat cheddar for regular cheese.
Substitute healthy food for unhealthy food
Nutrients obtained from eating healthful foods help a child's body and brain develop properly.
Healthy nutrition at this age has been shown to help prevent chronic health problems in adults such as heart disease and diabetes.
Hawthorne , M. (2011, September 2). How important is nutrition at preschool age in
preventing future diseases?. Retrieved from
The Bottom Line
Michel, J.-P. (2009). Nutrition Ageing and Longevity. Geneva Medical School: Institut Danone.

Balanced diet with physical activity will bolster
Immune system
About 10 hours of sleep
Bone development
Calcium--Essential! Balanced diet includes adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals (magnesium, zinc, and vitamin D)
Brain development
The preschool years are the time in which the brain begins to maximize efficiency
Attitudes and habits formed during preschool years are likely to be carried into the future.
Preschoolers Ages 3-5
Irregular eating patterns
Need more nutrients and calories
Three meals will usually not meet the above
Allow for snacks
Smaller stomachs
Minimize sodium intake
Nutrients enhance electrical charges within the brain
Studies have shown children who eat breakfast get better grades and perform better in school
When in the preschool age develops the building blocks for other stages of life
gain about 4 to 5 pounds each year
Growth tracker to help parents know how well a child is growing and where they are in the growing stages
Full transcript