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Roman Patrician Life vs. Roman Plebeian Life
Transcript of Roman Patrician Life vs. Roman Plebeian Life
Roman Patrician Life Period: 2 By: Taylor Buccilli
Claire Chisholm The patricians were the upper class of Ancient Rome. They made up only 10% of the population, and they were the most powerful people in Rome.
Patricians owned much land and belonged to the oldest families of the city according to the annals. Roman Patrician Life A patrician woman was expected to be efficient and dignified. She usually had little schooling and was in charge of the servants. Her days were spent with servants dressing her and arranging her elaborate hairstyle; preparing the day’s menu and shopping list for the slaves; overseeing the children; and performing as a gracious hostess for the evening meal.
Both patrician boys and girls were sent to school to learn to read and write Latin from ages five to twelve. After that, girls were taught at home to run a household, and boys were taught literature, history, math, geometry, and astronomy. Roman Patrician Life Roman Plebeian Life
Roman plebeians were not the most philanthropic people at the time, because of the little wealth and resources that were divided unequally during the empire, with relatively little social mobility. The large labor force consisted of slaves and poorly paid freedmen nearly indistinguishable from slaves. In the Roman world, slaves and their progeny were the property of the owner, sold and rented out by dealers and exchanged between individuals.Women weren’t treated equally to men and weren't even considered citizens of Rome. Clearly, women weren’t very respected/ appreciated. They were expected to obey their husband, look beautiful and presentable, clean the household, prepare food, and take care of the children. Poor women would teach their daughters how to clean, cook, and sew. (Poor fathers home schooled their sons and taught them how to hunt and work in the fields.) Roman Plebeian Life Many plebeians lived in apartment houses called flats. Some of the apartments were above or behind their shops. Even fairly well to do tradesmen might chose to live in an apartment-building compound over their store, with perhaps renters on the upper stories. Their own apartments might be quite roomy, sanitary and pleasant, occasionally with running water. But others were not that nice. Taylor Buccilli & Faye Mastoras & Claire Chisholm
Period: 2 Roman Patrician Life
Roman Plebeian Life These citizens held the luxury of living in grand villas and estates. These homes were vast and held plenty of valuables. They also contained extremely elaborated art and decorations with intricate designs. These patrician class citizens were almost at the top of the social class system, ranking just below the emperor and his family.
They kept good relations amongst each other; the patricians provided the emperor's political, and military relationship. Pertaining to this group also granted certain privileges that the plebeians could not be part of; only they could participate in the senate and consul or become a praetor, quaestor, or emperor.
Most patricians expressed adverse feelings towards everyday citizens that made them seem dictorial in some ways. Most of the citizens of this class thought themselves to be superior to non-patricians. Supposedly, patricians could communicate better with the Roman Gods.
Patrician men, when married, also had to marry for life. Unlike the plebeians who could change wives whenever, they had to stay married to the same person forever, regardless of other wishes. Today, the term plebeian is synonymous with lower class. In early Rome, the plebeians (also known simply as plebs) may have been that part of the Roman population whose origin was among the conquered Latins. Plebeians were disparate with the patrician nobility. In the period of the early Roman Republic, membership in the Senate may have been denied to the plebeians, and restricted to the patricians. Plebeians were average working citizens of Rome – farmers, bakers, builders or craftsmen – who worked hard to support their families and pay their taxes. Some plebeians, who were doing reasonably well, might try to save enough money to join the equestrian class. For many, however, life was a daily struggle. Free breads and grains and controlled food prices meant that plebeians could not starve, while free entertainment (such as chariot races and gladiators in amphitheaters and the Circus Maximus) meant that they would not get bored and restless.
The patricians, like all Romans wore the tunic and toga. They were entitled to have a narrow purple stripe bordering their togas and also on their tunics. If he were a senator, a patrician would have a broad purple stripe on his toga and tunic which was for formal dress.